K iAea: cf. In the apodosis, be' is variously rendered, or often not translated at all. I myself will, or Imyself may, etc. The rage and folly of Agamemnon are shown by his unnecessary provocation of Ajax the bravest after Achilles , and of Odysseus the shrewdest of the Greeks. LC three forms in Hom. What parts of atlvw are causative? X durwv H. XAvaov, I came not hither, etc.
Difference in meaning between rmis, 7rCs enclit. H- -iv otTL, these things you do not at all, etc. Notice the asyndeton, denoting passionate utterance. ZGoaoav, gave it, the reward. This had often happened during the nine years of the war already nearly passed. Force of the aor. Ye'pas approaches very near the Attic article in force: the reward is much greater for thee. Some editt. The pres. Thus a-of depends, as dat. This construction is now very generally preferred, though the elision of or, in a-of, is very rare; perh.
Some, however, take a' for a-', and make it subj. AdA', flee certainly! Yet Naeg. With this const. I prefer the first explanation. Force of the mid.? Notice the emphat. Bpla-qtGa: Td, demons. IC ri. One might expect here the antithesis Trobs AE, Many editt. Kc, sc. Ja0,rs Kict7rs, by his blonde hair, or as many render, by his golden hair.
Notice the frequency of tmesis in Hom. In this way Achilles recognized her.
The rendering, appeared to h'lm, is not considered admissible. TveX EGaaL, fut. So this line is understood by Naeg. Yet Diintz. TrpLs: at some time even thrice as many, etc. Athena and Hera. For ao, see H. S- is KE: why is Ke expressed? It forms a sentence by itself, and hence is easily distinguished fr.
Yet Cr. Differs how in meaning fr. I see no good reason for not understanding it as perf. Forms in use fr. The causal meaning of 4e inthe epic language is questioned by some critics; yet it seems more natural to render it for, in this, and many other passages. KHip, fate, death. Differs how fr. EYMeTai, Lex. BSao-aLXEs: nom. EvpaeL Evo , The mind readily supplies a clause in reading this sentence,-which shall never put forth, etc. Xaxcos, as often, the material for the thing made metonymy.
We may translate it, the knife; or may retain the figure and render it, the bronze. The oath of Latinus, Aeneid, 12, if. Ut sceptrum hoc dextra sceptrum nam forte gerebat Nunquam fronde levi fundet virgulta neque umbras, Quum semel in silvis imo de stirpe recisum Matre caret, posuitque comas et brachia ferro, etc.
Ipdw, IV. Different forms of viJs in the oblique cases? The critics are agreed as to the meaning of or'; but not as to the letter elided. The greater number of critics are of the former opinion, that 3T' here, and in some other passages, stands for o? BdAe, 7rpoaodXaw: yafy, const.? Trona, v. This would make Nestor somewhere between 67 and yrs. Our idiom would invert the order; were born and brought up. Force of this form of cond.
Truly, Priam, etc. Such interchange of number is frequent. We may perh. In a similar way, v. Ielpptoos Jiv, such as Pirithous was. Notice here Miov, Att. Kdpl —TOi Thus it could be seen what service he, as a single man, rendered. Wolff, however, understands the phrase thus, according to myself, like my. So St. Bovae'ov HI. Observe the irreg. So Naeg. Wrdv7Ta, yes, surely, all this at least -ye' imparts emphasis to the preceding word. Force of this const.? So it is usu.
Notice the mixed form of cond. Omitting v. The idea is more pointed thus. He speaks of the event as if already past. Its force may perh. Xoa-av, Lex. Xvow, III. Notice the change in number. Vya: he selected for it, the ship , etc. What tenses of fBafco are trans. KAtc-iV: const.? Xa-rat, v. Observe again 6E' after eycl in the apodosis. What is the Att. Very few critics understand it thus. A natural and graphic description throughout. The passage, a little below, is illustrated by Flaxman, in one of his best sketches.
XacpeTre, the usu. Do words beginning with v ever take -the smooth breathing in the Att. AdpTvpoL, pred. What does avbr'S, in all its forms, w. Thus 8' here is now usu. Thus, let these two themselves be witnesses, etc. Yet we may understand the sentence differently, taking S' for E', and this clause as a protasis, with a following apodosis suppressed.
What Achilles would do in such a case is not declared, but is clearly enough implied; and is really more significant, when left thus unexpressed. Sww B , or 6vCw. Critics are not agreed in the interpretation of these words. Some understand them to mean the immediate and the remote future: others Cr. JuaXEoltTo: the general rule H. Yet see H. The ending -otvTo, st. Is the infin. It is easier and sufficiently accurate to say, but the woman reluctantly went, etc.
ECEEoo: having immediately withdrawn apart from Faesi suggests that a view of the boundless deep would impress Achilles with a keener sense of his helpless condition. TeicK's -ye: force of ye'? Force of vrep? Since you even bore me i. Zeus had failed to fulfil his promise, as Achilles viewed the case, in permitting Agamemnon to treat him with dishonor. They may be rendered, her aged father. His name was Nereus: hence, Thetis his daughter, mother of Achilles, was called a Nereid nymph. The latter half of v. Tor:'raVa 7rdyTa, obj. Still he proceeds with the story, thus unburthening his heart to his sympathizing mother.
It is well to consider in this whole description-both the inter. Aaot, and they, the people; a frequent const. XAa aeoio. As' a literal rendering is awkward, we usually say, and the people, etc. The slow, and even labored, movement of these words read metrically is well fitted to call attention to the thought. Force of 5? Trjv,, this one, her, i. Chryse'is, emphatic posit.
Apollo, cf. KOtpv BpLoijos: cf. Aaol, v. Some critics, however, think e'ios here has nearly the force of a possess. Ep7y, either by word, or even by actual service. Why nom.? The mother of Achilles Thetis was not an Olympian divinity herself; so, we cannot say, when other Olymp. Briareos is tsually thought to be an ancient name, and hence, called by the poet, the name used among the gods: while Aegaeon was the name used by the contemporaries of Homer.
As Poseidon was mightier at least, in conjunction with Hera and Athena, than Zeus; so in turn, Aegaeon was mightier than his father Poseidon : lit. Ve Ire, v. IEbX1o'tv cf. Xaot, v. Force of this form of wish? How Homer came by such an idea is worthy of reflection. Notice, in v. Why this epithet? Hence it was nearly equivalent to well-clad. For a different explanation, see Dic. Critics are not agreed respecting the const.
The gen. Others understand it as gen. The last interpretation is now genr. Odysseus and his men. Irekxd'C, B, 1. Elc, in the four successive vv. KaTacew A. It has been suggested, that the slow, spondaic movement of this verse is well adapted to express the cautious steps of the maiden in leaving the ship. For short mode-sign, see H. What tenses of this verb are trans. They all thus participated in the sacred ceremony. After the prayer, these bruised barley-corns were thrown forward on the victims and the altar v.
The whole description is interesting, as being the earliest account in Grecian literature of a sacrifice. It appearsthat the priest, extending his hands, prayed to an invisible divinity; as there was probably no image or shrine of Apollo before him, except the altar. Irdpos, surely, already once formerly, you heard me, etc. How would the particip. Aqpots, enveloped them. KIvoaav, having made it the fat caul double: fn7rTvxa as if fr. Kicav understood. Some, however, take it as adv.
Notice the L subscript, distinguishing it fr. Kicdq KaraKaiw , the thighs were consumed: lit. ErfeLpav refpo , they pierced the pieces with spits on both sides, i. For another, and, as I think, a less natural explanation, see Lex. Also Dic. The interpretations of this phrase which occurs several times in Hoem.
The verse is now usu. The youths Koijpo, , who acted as cup-bearers, bore the wine around to the guests in pitchers filled by dipping into the mixer , and poured it into the cups, which were already in the hands of the guests.
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Each guest poured on the ground as a libation his first cup-full. The entire transaction is here briefly indicated in v. It will be observed that all this took place after they had satisfied the desire of eating and drinking Ehrel It was therefore a symposium oav7rooawv , which followed the banquet eb7rvov , and was regularly distinct from it. For a full account of the symposium, see Die. J Tre, But when What Att. The metaphor here is striking; and she ran along, etc.
Observe that, as avd is used of embarking on the sea v. The army was encamped close by the ships, which were drawn up on the land, and supported by props. Remember the peculiar meaning of TrdXepAov in Hom. But when already For another const. Notice the confluence of vowel-sounds in this word,-a peculiarity of the Ionic dialect. TEEP, w. I- cKOpVcp.
CXoioa, sc. Notice here 67rd w. Jupiter will not escape notice. V: not quite synon. Trf'qGaov, v. It takes the subjunc. Yet GY is sometimes expressed. Above v. Is this const. The easy transition from a temporal to a causal meaning is oftenest seen in Erred, lereis;, and in the Lat.
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The causal force of oTe is rare, and by some critics is denied entirely. Notice the value of the particles, tLEr AEXoel esat: cf. Kaavevd'w, for any promise of mine, whatever I shall confirm with a nod of the head, is not to be taken back, nor, etc. Force of the verb. Straho, 2, p. But the inquiry might arise, was not Phidias as capable of a conception entirely original, as Homer. Each, in his own sphere, was a master. KparTos, although it makes good sense joined w. Notice again dual subj. EBV, or some similar word, suggested by a'Xro; an instance of zeugma.
Bste'awyev , stood up, rose up. It is interesting to notice this token of respect existing among the Greeks at this early period: for what Homer here says of the gods indicates without doubt a custom of his time. The critics are not agreed in regard to the exact structure of this sentence. Again, Naeg. Thus, the particip. Notice, uv is a diphthong, and pronounced in one syllable.
Who of the gods now again, or, Who of the gods, I pray, has again, etc. For the elision, cf. He suggests also that, in v. Always is it pleasant to thee, being apart from me,? Ipv7rrcTdLa is obj. EirLe'xreo irl, AfXro! The concessive idea, though, belongs to the particip. IAiov, whatever plan. E7rIEtICs, sc.. Force of T1' in tk'rl? Do not thou at all, etc. Ev, sv e', used collectively. Yet see Lex. Difference in meaning between 7rowos and is? MAlay are both intens. Above, v. The present tense, qualified by wrcpos, or any similar word, may be rendered by our perf.
Surely, I heve not been wont formerly to either questi n or examine you. Notice the asyndeton denoting haste and emotion. Force of the subjunc.? I think you have surely promised her that you will honor The connection, and especially the tone of voice, would indicate which was intended. It is variously rendered here. Some translate it, strange one! Notice the accumulation of vowel-soullds in the first half of this verse. So Koeppen and Cr. The following comic scene has a strange effect, in contrast with the preceding wrangle; and was perhaps deemed necessary to restore the gods to their accustomed good-humor.
TvU4Exflar infin. Also v. The conclusion is readily supplied by the mind,-a slight pause. The same idea is conveyed, v. Where was Lemnos? See map. It was thought to be a favorite place of resort for Hephaestus Vulcan , probably on account of the volcano Mosychlus in that island; yet his work-shop, according to Homer, was on Olympus. It appears from Il. Xeipi, received from her son with her hand.
Why was this? The answer is partly given in the next verse, when they saw Hephaestus puffing, etc. His grotesque appearance in the office of cup-bearer in place of Ganymedes, most beautiful of youths, or of Hebe, goddess of youth and beauty was the ludicrous thing. BafJrs, depending on iseeSro.
Movoavdw, cf. Kd7rlrEoYO, v. Usual formation of desid. So understood usu. This is not contradicted in the next book, v. The reflecting student will not fail to compare and contrast these low conceptions with those which we derive from the sacred scriptures. This contrast is made plainer, by the particles pv This book stands in the closest logical connection with the preceding. Zeus may have fallen asleep and continued asleep for a while, so far as this statement is concerned. BovuX, this, as a plan; or simply, this plan. For the arrangement, cf Bdoa': Lex. XAaar, 1, Agamemnon : obj.
Corresponding Attic word? How is this word used in the Attic dialect? Latin word akin to this? It then directs the mind rather to the end of the going or coming, to the terminus; and is rendered to attain, to reach. With a prep. Xiso, III. Jr, not! Le,1evYOs: Lex. EIAht, II. Depends on Kc6e'rcu. EXe, sc. Resolved forms. Agamemnon: airos, adv. Try always to perceive its meaning. O-uq, I. Express the idea on that day in Att.
What additional word is required? We may render, the labors, which, etc. Aavaoart: to bring lit. EXU'o, v. The sword was attached to a belt, and thus it might be said that he cast it around his shoulders. Both reasons are good, but the latter was probably the idea in the mind of RIom. Agamemnon: icEeuAVE,, here w. NE'rvopos, implied in NeoropEp. Iuzsov, and ace. Some critical editt.
J4: why not accented here, according to H. Because Z? Aaot, 1, Peculiarity and force of the const.? For the ending, see H. What word in Att. What four prepositions do not suffer anastrophe? Borpvodv, v.
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Notice the beautiful metaphor in Bo. Cf'Ovetpos, v. BEft, Lex. Notice the expressive metaphor in this word: lit. What was the usual form of a sceptre? See Diet. The following account of the sceptre indicates the divine origin of Agamemnon's authority. Ktc4uv, II. For the supposed etymology, see Lex. So also, rle'Ao4, v. What would be the Latin idiom? A —rt i. IeE'a, adv. V: formerly Kire'poaara, se. Notice further, that the chief point in the promise of Zeus - the destruction of Troy — lies in the participle. For the peculiarity in declens.
What would be the prose const.? Notice here the meaning of'Apyos; also in v. Where were the cities Argos and Mycenae? In his spare time, he researches non-standard indicator signals to predict crypto-currency and stock movements on his home cluster. He is an avid cyclist living with his wife and daughter in NYC. Before joining Citi, Jessica spent 8 years working in data and technology audit in the financial and pharmaceutical industries. Karla McKenna is an international standards specialist in the area of financial services. Since May , Ms.
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The specific genre of The Woman Warrior has been disputed due to Kingston's blend of perspectives, specifically traditional Chinese folktale and memoir. With this mixture, Kingston tries to provide her audience with the cultural, familial, and personal context needed to understand her unique position as a first-generation Chinese-American woman. Susan Stanford Friedman's assessment of autobiography with regard to women and minority groups explains Kingston's intricate blend of perspective and genre: women and cultural minorities often don't have the privilege of viewing themselves as individuals isolated from their gender or racial group.
Kingston illustrates this condition through her use of Chinese talk-story, her mother's traditional Chinese perspective, and her own first-person view as a Chinese American. In the first part of this chapter, the narrator is recounting how her mother once told her the story of the No-Name Woman. The chapter essentially opens as a vignette told from the mother's point of view. She tells the story of the No Name Woman, her husband's deceased sister. Kingston uses her own experiences with Chinese tradition and culture to substantiate alternate "versions" of the tale.
At the end of "No Name Woman", Kingston reflects on the importance of her mother's story. She concludes that the real lesson is not how No Name Woman died; rather, why she was forgotten. In the first part of "White Tigers", Kingston recounts her mother's talk-story of Fa Mu Lan , a woman warrior who took her father's place in battle.
Kingston reverts to talking about her life in America and compares it to the story of Fa Mu Lan. She cannot gather the courage to speak up against her racist boss, let alone save her people in China. In the end, Kingston decides that she and Fa Mu Lan are similar. Using her mother's old diplomas and photos from her years in China, Kingston recounts the story of her mother's life as a lady scholar. Brave Orchid, Kingston's mother, returns home after two years of study. Kingston was born during World War II and grew up with her mother's talk-stories.
Her mother taught her that all white people around her were "ghosts". Moon Orchid is emigrating to the United States after being separated from her sister for 30 years. The sisters arrive back at Brave Orchid's house in the Valley. They are greeted by Brave Orchid's husband, who has aged significantly in Moon Orchid's eyes.
Moon Orchid spends the summer in Brave Orchid's house.