Arthur Ashkin L was awarded for his "optical tweezers" which use lasers to grab particles, atoms, viruses and other living cells. The Ledumahadi Mafube roamed around million years ago in what is now South Africa. Recently discovered by a team of international scientists, it was the largest land animal of its time, weighing 12 tons and standing at 13 feet. In Sesotho, the South African language of the region in which the dinosaur was discovered, its name means "a giant thunderclap at dawn".
Scientists have witnessed the birth of a planet for the first time ever. The planet stands clearly out, visible as a bright point to the right of the center of the image, which is blacked out by the coronagraph mask used to block the blinding light of the central star. These compartments are found beneath the skin, as well as lining the gut, lungs, blood vessels and muscles, and join together to form a network supported by a mesh of strong, flexible proteins.
Working in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso, a team led by archaeologists at the University of Exeter unearthed hundreds of villages hidden in the depths of the rainforest. These excavations included evidence of fortifications and mysterious earthworks called geoglyphs. More than one in 10 people were found to have traces of class A drugs on their fingers by scientists developing a new fingerprint-based drug test. Using sensitive analysis of the chemical composition of sweat, researchers were able to tell the difference between those who had been directly exposed to heroin and cocaine, and those who had encountered it indirectly.
The storm bigger than the Earth, has been swhirling for years. The image's colours have been enhanced after it was sent back to Earth. Included in Wellcome Image Awards, this 3D image of an African grey parrot shows the highly intricate system of blood vessels. Another Wellcome Images Award winner, this time of baby Hawaiian bobtail squid. The people are thought to have been unusually tall and strong.
The tallest of the skeletons uncovered measured at 1. Enter your email address Continue Continue Please enter an email address Email address is invalid Fill out this field Email address is invalid Email already exists. I would like to receive morning headlines Monday - Friday plus breaking news alerts by email. Update newsletter preferences.
Comments Share your thoughts and debate the big issues. Join the discussion. Please be respectful when making a comment and adhere to our Community Guidelines. Create a commenting name to join the debate Submit. Please try again, the name must be unique Only letters and numbers accepted. Loading comments Please try again, the name must be unique.
Post Cancel. There are no Independent Minds comments yet - be the first to add your thoughts. Follow comments Enter your email to follow new comments on this article. Thanks for subscribing! Vote Are you sure you want to submit this vote? Submit vote Cancel. You must be logged in to vote. Report Comment Are you sure you want to mark this comment as inappropriate?
Flag comment Cancel. Subscribe to Independent Minds to debate the big issues Want to discuss real-world problems, be involved in the most engaging discussions and hear from the journalists? Try for free Already registered? Log in. Delete Comment Are you sure you want to delete this comment? Delete comment Cancel.
Deleting comment This comment has been deleted. Try for free. Already registered? Subscribe to Independent Minds to bookmark this article Want to bookmark your favourite articles and stories to read or reference later? Article bookmarked Find your bookmarks in your Independent Minds section, under my profile Don't show me this message again. High levels of cortisol or adrenaline both byproducts of stress in the body stymie the supply of oxygen to the organs, thereby decreasing blood flow to the penis.
And the penis without blood has as much chance of getting up as a balloon without air. Which is why I found it easier to have sex with people I wasn't emotionally invested in: Once the fear of rejection is removed, sex is no big deal. Despite how many men want to think that their dick has some autonomous powers of decision making, it all comes back to the brain, and if your brain is firing off stress signals, then your penis is going to need more than just mucho volition to come to life.
Erections start in your head. Be it something you smell, feel, or see, it's all about the chemicals up top sending signals down there. I started meditating about three years ago. I jumped in at the deep end. After a month of goofing around with apps, I signed up for a Vipassana —a ten-day silent retreat, where you sit cross-legged and meditate for about ten hours a day and spend the remaining 14 questioning everything you've ever done. After the retreat all sorts of changes took place: My anxiety disappeared, and my decision-making improved; but one of the most pronounced changes was my sex life.
For the first time, I could have sex while thinking about sex rather than how broke I was or how quickly my career was imploding. And I'm not alone; meditation forums are full of people who have had similar experiences. To find studies on the link between meditation and erectile dysfunction ED you have to go way back.
The substance comes to us in diverse luminous mental objects. From the latter, Plato mainly deducted his philosophical dialectic in his dialogue that is likewise called, Parmenides. Symbols in the poem are, for example, the rainbow early on, and the entire plot of the poem which is a sunrise and, at the end, the ascension of Faust in the mountains amidst heavenly beings.
Seen with such eyes, the Plethon digest that Elladky provides, including summary charts etc. We thus gain from the divine light a diversity of energies, as mentioned earlier herein. All this and more is higher mental semiotics in the Vygotskian sense. In its absence in world myth outside of the myth of classical antiquity, that is a good and plausible explanation why Greek philosophy did not, and could not, arise from just any myth.
The refracting device is, by the way, symbolic of philosophy herself to use the gender given to philosophy by Boethius. If philosophy is thus depicted as refracting, it is not by itself the source of the light, Zeus. His cryptic nature, cryptic to the exoteric audience, is as a Christian alchemist of the Renaissance. Zeus can at the same time be identified with a term introduced by an earlier alchemist, Aristotle, namely the unmoved moving.
That is the source of the light. It is not a human. It is, in my interpretation, the God presence that is like a projector at the center of our local universe see in volume 1 of my Framework Analysis. That is the sun rising in human consciousness that Goethe propheticly has as the true protagonist of Faust part 2. From Homer to Parmenides of Elea, we can witness a certain evolution of the philosophical substance. It changes from static, anecdotal and metaphoric, becoming dynamic, didactic and systematic. In early Greek philosophy, Parmenides of Elea became the first specialist; his field was, as far as the extant fragments of his work tell, the field of what Plethon later signified as Zeus, that is, the esoteric theology of the mythical light, not anything near paganism even at that early stage.
We can trace that progress - progress is a questionable but not impossible term - via the three great examples mentioned: Let us get a feel of the transformative mental alchemy of the three examples by way of the plasmatic luminous mental substances that we encounter - which is all that we need to do here: Both indicate pervasiveness and participatory nature, that is, spiritual qualities.
Spiritual qualities, to which Byzantine philosophy opens, have their foundation in an alchemical mental luminous substance that Plethon signifies as Zeus. In my Framework Analysis volume 2 hyperlink at the end , this is described in technical terms as a complex web of higher self connections. For the personal reading experience, read the source text mentioned above in an English translation suitable for you. Luc Bresson instructively presents the commentaries of Michael Psellos and two other Byzantine scholars to the golden chain in: Byzantium and the Pagan Myths.
My conclusion is that the Byzantines had an advanced understanding of the higher mental semiotics that are the most productive part of the legacy of ancient Greek myth. The shield of Achilleus is particularly low on the rationalized explanatory side, and particularly high on the experience side. Turn your ego and its looped mental babble off and experience the luminous mental fludium - if you like take it as a fiction - by reading the source passage cited above. Read the poetic vision of Parmenides of Elea and seek to experience before your mental eye the plasmatic luminous substance of which it is made.
Byzantine intellectuals did not remain inactive concerning the Olympian luminous golden mental substance. Also note the Byzantine predilection for the Tabor light, intimately linked with this more on that, also, in my Framework volume 2. The Vygotskian perspective can be built through the thought of John Searle, who newly has highlighted the intentionality of the perceptive experience, mediated through the social and the semiotic. Intellectual methodologies are there to train the intentionality of perception via the sensitivity principle.
The dated notion that philosophical method has to do primarily with mental production writing, thinking is, once again, questionable and fallacious, an insight deriving from Byzantine philosophy and its predominantly receptive emphasis. Business people struggle with a fascinating resources. Such flashes are, he indicates, rarely realized or remembered within a lifetime. When a flash comes, it comes spontaneously like a discharge, albeit often as the ending of a search for an idea, for a key for a business challenge.
Duggan says that accounts of human achievement unduly omit this subject. A philosophical term for passive receptivity towards ideas is, ideation. The method of mentally perceptive Byzantine receptions is altogether favorable to ideation. To my knowledge, the overall concept of Vygotsky of higher mental semiotics as I understand him to say is a viable approach to ideation. Ideas relating to difficult business situations are not elemental but can be surprizingly complex and can fit like a key for surprizingly complex social puzzles.
Ideas are plan elements. They are, for business people, precursor blueprints for solutions. The example of a business person looking for a complex solution is one example. Other examples are an inventor of a technical innovation, and an artist, for example, a musical composer. They all essentially thrive off the resource of ideas. The dismal science of economics falls far short of even recognizing this greatest natural, or call it supernatural, resource of man. I grant that, so far, it has not been possible due to restrictions inherent in our misguided knowledge society to explain the out-of-the-cave process of ideation.
It is understood that ideas are not made of the matter that our hands touch.
Atypical Anxiety-Related Amygdala Reactivity and Functional Connectivity in Sant Mat Meditation
The effective reality of ideas is mental. It is also understood that finding good ideas can be difficult. The process of ideation cannot be forced direcdy. It can, at best, be supported indirectly. The ancient philosophers, such as Plato and Aristotle, had a method that, in these or other words, is described as a mental vision that is open, through the lifetime efforts of a philosophers, to an intellectual realm of ideas. Unfortunately, ideas, upon which all depends, have no place in a matter-only ideology.
I anticipate objections that no realm of ideas has ever been described by any philosopher. My reply to such an objection would be, that philosophy itself is a project to describe the realm of ideas, that is, the source realm of ideation. Plato during his long life pursued an evolving theory of ideas, also called the theory of forms. That has been much debated, certainly without coming to any final conclusions to this day. Plato was never the empiricist to the extent that his great pupil Aristotle was. Or perhaps this aporia is just a misunderstanding.
See a Problem?
Aristotle gave to the world syllogistic logics. His logical writings were organized under the collective name, Organon, in the Middle Ages. There are conditions under which logics, such as described in the Organon, can function as a finder of ideas to materially facilitate ideation, that is, to generate flashes of inspiration see my Framework volume 2. Logics in this understanding is not a tool, a cudgel of proof ego says: I am right and you are wrong! The god of lightning, of flashes, was Zeus. The Plethonian Zeus would, by virtue of his position, send flashes of insight. Already above, the question: Zeus is the chief maker of keys for humans, keys that are inscripted in light, in mental luminosity that first comes to us in Olympian myth, the fire of the gods coming to man.
Knowing that, we may reread Homer and discover our newly gained insight reflected in the mirror of that ancient bard. The true inventor of the lightning rod was the esoteric Aristotelian in Plethon, drawing on the ancient and medieval Greek achievement; but his lightning rod was not made of material stuff. Well, now the cat is out of the bag, I guess. It is the Shushumna nadi spinal canal which can be activated by meditation to permit the flow of Kundalini Shakti, a cosmic energy in man.
Tibetan Kalachakra Tantra, uncannily similar 13 to Aristotelian metaphysics, lets it flow from the unmoved moving Tibetan concept: Plethon had very good reason to keep that aspect hidden from the persecutorial church who wanted to monopolize all truly liberating knowledge of such nature. Celestial spheres are nothing of the material world. They are, however, a reality of the plasmatic astral world. Better descriptors might be, onion rings, layers around our planet that the astral traveller encounters, layers and rings, spheres worlds or dimensions of heavenly and dark proto-hellish character, with spirit inhabitants of a vastly populated universe.
The American advertising executive Robert A. Monroe discovered such astral travel abilities. He wrote three books, appropriate sections of which corroborate what I just said.
150 Benefits of Meditation [12222 Edition]
Under conditions of a sleep laboratory, experimental data are collected of brain wave patterns indicating the start and end of an astral travel. Efforts were undertaken to weigh the bed with sleeper precisely so as to determine the slight change of weight when the astral body fifth body, soul leaves the physical body, and when it reenters. This can be collated with the times of the brain wave indicators. Astral travel is well established through these parameters. A subjective element remains through the first person narratives of the astral travellers.
The ability for astral travel is hard-wired in every human, and is activated during sleep automaticly. For many, conscious astral travel will remain out of reach for the time being, probably due to psychological factors such as the fear of the unknown, and due to natural protective mechanisms in our human system. If you do not want to go there yourself, study the astral painter Vincent van Gogh.
It is an interesting and novel venture, after the aforesaid, to situate Plethon, the Renaissance philosopher at the apex of Byzantine philosophy, in his contemporary context of the emergent science of the Renaissance. Within the humanist tradition of Renaissance science, we may thereby trace a millennial evolution from divine signals in man to natural signs around man, always flanked by the human effort of understanding such semiotics.
Philosophically, that is Spinoza ante portas; but scientificly, does it have anything to tell us beyond the boundaries of mere philosophy?
Sex, Drugs and Meditation by Mary-Lou Stephens
I would like to insert here a paragraph of channelled critique cf. Such a self-assessment is full of delusion. What scientists are doing today is, actually, to supress quantitative investigation, a mockery of science. The idea of quantitative science is that of counting. The question is not even asked, let alone answered.
It is not unknown, however, since Aristotle, the ever-famous founder of western science, and of logic, based his system of knowledge on that question. So-called science today is a materialist fakery and denial of knowledge - mere belief. The question has several answers: The correct answer is, zero. In divine timelessness, there is no cause-and-effect duality, hence no cause at all.
There are no beginning and end, either. The correct answer is, one. In time, there is a prime cause, dubbed the Big Bang. Seen out of time in timelessness , that is the Great Unity of the Creator Spirit. The correct answer is, four. This is an answer that Aristotle gives in the Physics. Precisely, however, what 14 Aristotle calls the four causes are not truly causes, but are generalized types of causes, or four forces. There are many causes; and they cannot be counted. For that reason, no human scientist has ever counted causes.
The number, and the phenomena of many causes, is something that is transfinite non-countable. So-called human quantitative science proceeds to count effects but not causes. It is therefore not a viable science, but a mockery of true science - a false and misleading venture altogether. It leads away from the acausal non-causal, non-countable Prime Source of All, and is, thus, blasphemy. Creation comes about through changes to Vision. Pristine Vision is that of the transfinite One, the Akanthus number, a. When a divine spark enters Creation to become human, its Vision changes from what was said in the foregoing sentence.
The labyrinth of many causes is entered, ideally, but not in every case, in order to regain Vision of the One. For those who have lost Vision, illusion is their fate. Let us now go into some details. For the movement suggested in the caption of this section E , see the two texts by Brisson Sokrates and Divine Signal, and MacLean in classifier: One way of understanding that in terms of general classical and Byzantine philosophy is the Euhemerist realism of the divine which is present not only in man Sokrates, the daimonion etc.
Does Plethon offer a general theory of discovery and invention? At least, Plethon does not speak to us in exacdy those words. His meaning, I believe, does come close to that. Fie communicates in secretive means, which might be an important ingredient in a theory of discovery and invention itself. The spark, or flash, of inspiration, of ideation, occurs in the inner world of a human being in solitude.
It is not a normal human communication, like talk over dinner, as nice as that may be.
Right away, we see by the foregoing example that ideation has certain social strictures and prerequisites. In a checklist of such, apparently, the creative artists of the Renaissance the community that Vasari describes, part fact, part fiction lived in a free and unbound socialization to score significantly higher than average. This paper is not the place to expound a social theory of creativity.
In a distinction, such a theory is not identical with a so-called sociology of knowledge. Knowledge is important, but secondary and derived, not source itself. Artists are practitioners of a craft. Sokrates was a practitioner of an art trade craft, namely masonry. The aspect of striving in an art craft trade much later gave rise to a social organization, freemasonry. This can be sculpting, painting, or the physical act of writing. An inventor in a workshop will, over the years, become savy about how to do things with the physical materials that she or he is working with.
That is an underdescribed aspect of creativity, perhaps since it is so obvious, and since it is so impossible to summarize with words. This is the physical aspect of creativity. Compare that with university science today: It discourages the practical bent. It is full of dogma that is counterfactual. It is too often mind over truth, having lost touch with the ways of its trade. Its very identity is, not a trade, not a craft, but a specialized subset of purported knowledge that has matured from the moorings of wisdom. The craft or trade that it is connected with is to defend its validity as absolute beyond wisdom.
That is one way of understanding the contrastive legacy of the Renaissance. George Gemistos Plethon does not dish out knowledge, to a point of being highly recondite. We live in a world of natural signs that surround us. To the detriment of our living quality, the divine signals in us have been turned off.
That disables us from reading, or even perceiving, the natural signs around us. The obvious step is to enable the divine signals in us.