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Assessment: 8. I - 9. II - Arsonist, persecutor and ruthless urban developer? Divinity, madness, acting, ideology, burn-out-- Finance-- Part III. End: Entr'acte - Greece-- Fall-- This reluctance caused him to allow others to rule, and rule surprisingly well, in his name. On its own terms, the Neronian empire was in fact remarkably successful. Nero's senior ministers were many and various, but notably they included a number of powerful women, such as his mother, Agrippina II, and his second and third wives, Poppaea Sabina and Statilia Messalina.

Using the most recent archaeological, epigraphic, numismatic and literary research, the book explores issues such as court-politics, banter and free speech; literary, technological and scientific advances; the Fire of 64, 'the persecution of Christians' and Nero's 'Golden House'; and the huge underlying strength, both constitutional and financial, of the Julio-Claudian empire.

D75 Unknown. The origin of empire : Rome from the Republic to Hadrian []. Potter, D. David Stone , author. Cambridge, Massachusetts : Harvard University Press, P Unavailable On order Request. Per diletto e per profitto : i Rondinini, le arti e l'Europa []. Giometti, Cristiano, author. R G56 Unavailable In transit. Un piccolo grande uomo : microstoria familiare nella tempesta della Shoah []. Sarfatti, Daniela, author. I85 R Unavailable At bindery Request.

Pompeo []. Fezzi, Luca, author. F49 Unavailable On order Request. Provincial allocations in Rome BCE []. Rafferty, David, author. Religion and memory in Tacitus' Annals []. Shannon-Henderson, Kelly E. First edition. Description Book — x, pages ; 25 cm. Summary Throughout his narrative of Julio-Claudian Rome in the Annals, Tacitus includes numerous references to the gods, fate, fortune, astrology, omens, temples, priests, the emperor cult, and other religious material.

Though scholars have long considered Tacitus' discussion of religion of minor importance, this volume demonstrates the significance of such references to an understanding of the work as a whole by analyzing them using cultural memory theory, which views religious ritual as a key component in any society's efforts to create a lived version of the past that helps define cultural identity in the present.

Tacitus, who was not only an historian, but also a member of Rome's quindecimviral priesthood, shows a marked interest in even the most detailed rituals of Roman religious life, yet his portrayal of religious material also suggests that the system is under threat with the advent of the principate. Some traditional rituals are forgotten as the shape of the Roman state changes while, simultaneously, a new form of cultic commemoration develops as deceased emperors are deified and the living emperor and his family members are treated in increasingly worshipful ways by his subjects.

This study traces the deployment of religious material throughout Tacitus' narrative in order to show how he views the development of this cultic "amnesia" over time, from the reign of the cryptic, autocratic, and oddly mystical Tiberius, through Claudius' failed attempts at reviving tradition, to the final sacrilegious disasters of the impious Nero.

As the first book-length treatment of religion in the Annals, it reveals how these references are a key vehicle for his assessment of the principate as a system of government, the activities of individual emperors, and their impact on Roman society and cultural identity. A9 S53 Unknown. Formica, Marina, author. Description Book — xi, pages ; 21 cm. F67 Unavailable On order Request. Roman domestic medical practice in central Italy : from the middle republic to the early empire [].

Draycott, Jane Jane Louise , author. Description Book — xiii, pages : illustrations ; 25 cm. Focussing on the period from the middle Republic to the early Empire, it considers how comprehensive the ancient Roman general understanding of health actually was, and studies how knowledge regarding various aspects of health was transmitted within the household.

Using literary, documentary, archaeological and bioarchaeological evidence from a variety of contexts, this is the first extended volume to provide as comprehensive and detailed a reconstruction of this aspect of ancient Roman private life as possible, complementing existing works on ancient professional medical practice and existing works on domestic medical practice in later historical periods. This volume offers an indispensable resource to social historians, particularly those that focus on the ancient family, and medical historians, particularly those that focus on the ancient world.

D64 Unavailable In transit. Roman tombs and the art of commemoration : contextual approaches to funerary customs in the second century CE []. Borg, Barbara, author. Description Book — xxviii, pages : illustrations, plans ; 26 cm Summary In search of deceased senators. Senatorial tombs after the late Republic: Augustus and a new decorum ; Senatorial tombs of the second century ; Messages ; Conclusion Reviving tradition in Hadrianic Rome: from incineration to inhumation. Inhumation from the Republican to the Hadrianic period ; Imperial burials ; Conclusions Family matters: the long life of Roman tombs.

Elite burials ; Sub-elite tombs ; Conclusions Straddling borderlines: divine connotations in funerary commemoration. Portraits in divine costume ; Temple tombs ; Conclusions. In this book, historian Barbara E. Borg employs the full range of material and written evidence to explore four key questions that change our view of Roman society and its values. For the first time, senatorial burial practices can be reconstructed and contrasted with those of other classes.

Borg then explains the change from incineration to inhumation as a revival of old Roman mores that accelerated after the example set by Hadrian. In the third chapter, she argues that tombs became prime locations for promoting and displaying long family lines among the elite, which then inspired freedmen to undertake similar commemorative practices.

Finally she explores the association of deceased persons with the divine and apotheosis through portraits on divine body shapes and temple tombs"-- Provided by publisher. Rome after Sulla []. Rosenblitt, Jennifer Alison, author. London : Bloomsbury Academic, Description Book — xiv, pages : illustrations ; 24 cm Summary Acknowledgements Illustrations Preface 1. Urban conflict and Etrurian tumult: formulating BC 5. More than Catiline, less than Caesar: the politics of M. Aemilius Lepidus, cos.

Autocracy and stability: moving beyond the 'problems' of the speech of Lepidus 8. Dominatio and deceit: Sallust on Pompey 9. Hostile Politics I : political discourse after Sulla The book begins with a narrative of the years immediately following the dictatorship of Sulla BC , providing both a new reconstruction of events and original analysis of key sources including Cicero's pro Roscio, Appian, the Livian tradition, and Sallust's Historiae.

Arguing that Sulla's settlement was never stable, Rome after Sulla emphasises the uncertainty and fear felt by contemporaries and the problems caused in Rome by consciousness of the injustices of the Sullan settlement and its lack of moral legitimacy. The book argues that the events and the unresolved traumas of the first civil war of the Roman republic triggered profound changes in Roman political culture, to which Sallust's magnum opus, his now-fragmentary Historiae, is our best guide.

An in-depth exploration of a new, more Sallust-centred vision of the late republic contributes to the historical picture not only of the legacy of Sulla, but also of Caesar and of Rome's move from republic to autocratic rule. The book studies a society grappling with a question broader than its own times: what is the price of stability? R67 Unknown. Servilia and her family []. Treggiari, Susan, author. Description Book — 1 online resource. Summary Servilia is often cited as one of the most influential women of the late Roman Republic.

Though she was a high-born patrician, her grandfather died disgraced and her controversial father was killed before he could stand for the consulship; she herself married twice, but both husbands were mediocre. Nevertheless, her position in the ruling class still afforded her significant social and political power, and it is likely that she masterminded the distinguished marriages of her one son, Brutus, and her three daughters. During her second marriage she began an affair with Iulius Caesar, which probably lasted for the rest of his life and is further indicative of the force of her charm and her exceptional intelligence.

The patchiness of the sources means that a full biography is impossible, though in suggesting connections between the available evidence and the speculative possibilities open to women of Servilia's status this volume aims to offer an insightful reconstruction of her life and position both as a member of the senatorial nobility and within her extended and nuclear family. The best attested period of Servilia's life, for which the chief source is Cicero's letters, follows the murder of Caesar by her son and her son-in-law, Cassius, who were leaders among the crowd of conspirators in the Senate House on the Ides of March in 44 BC.

We find her energetically working to protect the assassins' interests, also defending her grandchildren by the Caesarian Lepidus when he was declared a public enemy and his property threatened with confiscation. Exploring the role she played during these turbulent years of the late Republic reveals much about the ways in which Romans of both sexes exerted influence and sought to control outcomes, as well as about the place of women in high society, allowing us to conclude that Servilia wielded her social and political power effectively, though with discretion and within conventional limits.

First Edition. Description Book — xxi, pages : genealogical tables ; 24 cm Summary Servilia is often cited as one of the most influential women of the late Roman Republic. S47 T74 Unknown. Shakespeare and the fall of the Roman Republic : selfhood, stoicism and civil war []. Gray, Patrick, author. Why did Rome degenerate into an autocracy? Alternating between ruthless competition, Stoicism, Epicureanism and self-indulgent fantasies, Rome as Shakespeare sees it is inevitably bound for civil war.

Shakespeare and the Fall of the Roman Republic considers Shakespeare's place in the history of concepts of selfhood and reflects on his sympathy for Christianity, in light of his reception of medieval Biblical drama, as well as his allusions to the New Testament. Shakespeare's critique of Romanitas anticipates concerns about secularisation, individualism and liberalism shared by philosophers such as Hannah Arendt, Alasdair MacIntyre, Charles Taylor, Michael Sandel and Patrick Deneen.

R6 G73 Available. The single life in the Roman and later Roman world []. Description Book — x, pages : illustrations ; 24 cm Summary Introduction-- 1. What's in a single? Demographic, Archaeological, and Socio-Economic Approaches: 2. Single men and women in pagan society - the case of Roman Egypt Sabine Huebner-- 3. Looking for singles in the archaeological record of Roman Egypt Anna Boozer-- 4.

Between coercion and compulsion? The impact of occupations and economic interests on the relational status of slaves and freedmen Wim Broekaert-- Part II. Being Single in the Roman World: 5. Singles, sex, and status in the Augustan marriage legislation Judith Evans Grubbs-- 6. Single as a Lena. Singles in Judaism: 9. Why was Jesus single? John W. Martens-- Singles and singleness in the Christian epigraphic evidence from Rome c. Different ways of life: being single in the fourth century CE Raffaela Cribiore-- Single life in Late Antiquity?

Virgins between the earthly and the heavenly family Ville Vuolanto-- Being a bachelor in Late Antiquity - desire and social norms in the experience of Augustine Geoffrey Nathan-- Single people in early Byzantine literature Stephanos Efthymiadis-- Comparative Voices: Celibacy and sexual abstinence in early Islam Mohammed Hocine Benkheira-- To marry or not to marry in fifteenth and sixteenth-century cities, cases Antwerp and Bruges Julie De Groot-- Singleness in nineteenth-century Italy - permanent celibacy and solitariness between coercion and free choice Matteo Manfredini.

It asks how singleness was defined and for what reasons people might find themselves unmarried. While marriage was generally favoured by philosophers and legislators, with the arguments against largely confined to genres like satire and comedy, the advent of Christianity brought about a more complex range of thinking regarding its desirability. Demographic, archaeological and socio-economic perspectives are considered, and in particular the relationship of singleness to the Roman household and family structures.

The volume concludes by introducing a number of comparative perspectives, drawn from the early Islamic world and from other parts of Europe down to and including the nineteenth century, in order to highlight possibilities for the Roman world. I82 S56 Unknown. Spirito : Edipuglia, [] Description Book — pages : illustrations ; 24 cm. S67 Unavailable On order Request. Statio : i luoghi dell'amministrazione nell'antica Roma []. Coarelli, Filippo, author. C57 Unavailable In transit. Studies on Jews and Christians in the first and second centuries []. Tomson, Peter J.

The present volume gathers up studies by Peter J. Tomson, written over thirty-odd years, that deal with ancient Jewish law and identity, the teachings of Jesus, the letters of Paul, and the historiiography of early Jews and Christians. Notable subject areas are Jewish purity laws, divorce law, and the use of the name 'Jews'. The author also examines Jesus' teachings as understood in their primary and secondary contexts, the various situations Paul's highly differentiated rhetoric may have addressed, and the causes contributing to the growing tension between Jews and Christians and the so-called parting of the ways.

T66 Unknown. Strauss, Barry S. Description Book — xi, pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm Summary Prologue: night on the Palatine Augustus, the founder Tiberius, the tyrant Nero, the entertainer Vespasian, the commoner Trajan, the best prince Hadrian, the Greek Marcus Aurelius, the philosopher Septimius Severus, the African Diocletian, the great divider Constantine, the Christian. Much of Ten Caesars reads like a script for Game of Thrones This superb summation of four centuries of Roman history, a masterpiece of compression, confirms Barry Strauss as the foremost academic classicist writing for the general reader today.

Barry Strauss's Ten Caesars is the story of the Roman Empire from rise to reinvention, from Augustus, who founded the empire, to Constantine, who made it Christian and moved the capital east to Constantinople. During these centuries Rome gained in splendor and territory, then lost both. The empire reached from modern-day Britain to Iraq, and gradually emperors came not from the old families of the first century but from men born in the provinces, some of whom had never even seen Rome.

By the fourth century, the time of Constantine, the Roman Empire had changed so dramatically in geography, ethnicity, religion, and culture that it would have been virtually unrecognizable to Augustus. In the imperial era Roman women-mothers, wives, mistresses-had substantial influence over the emperors, and Strauss also profiles the most important among them, from Livia, Augustus's wife, to Helena, Constantine's mother.

But even women in the imperial family faced limits and the emperors often forced them to marry or divorce for purely political reasons. Rome's legacy remains today in so many ways, from language, law, and architecture to the seat of the Roman Catholic Church. Over the ages, they learned to maintain the family business-the government of an empire-by adapting when necessary and always persevering no matter the cost. Ten Caesars is essential history as well as fascinating biography. S77 Unknown. Ruta, Carlo, author. Ragusa : Edizioni di storia e studi sociali, [] Description Book — pages : illustrations ; 22 cm.

R87 Unavailable On order Request. Textual strategies in ancient war narrative : Thermopylae, Cannae and beyond []. Leiden ; Boston : Brill, [] Description Book — x, pages ; 25 cm.

Individual Offers

Literary, linguistic and historical approaches are used often in combination in order to enhance and enrich the interpretation of the accounts, which for obvious reasons confronted the authors with a special challenge. Chapters drawing a comparison with other battle narratives and with other genres help to establish genre-specific elements in ancient historiography, and draw attention to the particular techniques employed by Herodotus and Livy in their war narratives. W35 T49 Unknown. Tiber : eternal river of Rome []. Allen, Bruce Ware, author.

Lebanon, NH : ForeEdge, an imprint of University Press of New England, [] Description Book — xiv, pages, 10 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm Summary In this rich history of Italy's Tiber River, Bruce Ware Allen charts the main currents, mythic headwaters, and hidden tributaries of one of the world's most storied waterways.

He considers life along the river, from its twin springs high in the Apennines all the way to its mouth at Ostia, and describes the people who lived along its banks and how they made the Tiber work for them. The Tiber has served as the realm of protomythic creatures and gods, a battleground for armies and navies, a livelihood for boatmen and fishermen, the subject matter for poets and painters, and the final resting place for criminals and martyrs. Tiber: Eternal River of Rome is a highly readable history and a go-to resource for information about Italy's most storied river.

T5 A45 Unknown. Trajan : l'empereur soldat []. Burgeon, Christophe, author. Paris : Perrin, [] Description Book — pages ; 21 cm. Chrissanthos, Stefan G. Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press, Description Book — pages : illustrations, maps : 23 cm. It was a dramatic and momentous time of political intrigue, bloodshed, and murder, one that boasted some of the most famous personalities ever to grace the Roman historical stage. Arguing that this pivotal year demands extended study, Stefan G.

Chrissanthos's The Year of Julius and Caesar is the first focused investigation of the period. Chrissanthos uses a single event as his centerpiece: the violent attack orchestrated by Caesar and the "First Triumvirate" on Bibulus and his followers in the Forum on April 4. Before that day, he reveals, 59 had been a typical year, one that provides valuable insight into Roman government and political gamesmanship. But the assault on Bibulus changed everything: the consul retired to his house for the rest of the year, allowing Caesar and his allies to pass legislation that eventually enabled Caesar to take complete control of the Roman state.

This detailed reconstruction draws on archeological and literary evidence to describe a watershed year in the history of the late Roman Republic, establish an accurate chronology, and answer many of the important historical questions surrounding the year Written in an engaging and accessible style, The Year of Julius and Caesar will appeal to undergraduates and scholars alike and to anyone interested in contemporary politics, owing to the parallels between the Roman and American Republics.

C47 Unknown. Accademia di belle arti di Roma : centoquaranta anni di istruzione superiore dell'arte in Italia []. I83 R F Unavailable In process. Afterlives of Augustus, AD 14— []. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, Description Book — 1 online resource xv, pages : digital, PDF file s. Summary 1. Best of emperors or subtle tyrant? Augustus the ambivalent Penelope J. Goodman-- 2. The last days of Augustus Alison E. Cooley-- 3. Seneca's Augustus: re calibrating the imperial model for a young prince Steven J. Green-- 4. Embodying the Augustan in Suetonius and beyond Patrick Cook-- 5.

The first emperor? Augustus and Julius Caesar as rival founders of the principate Joseph Geiger-- 6. Augustus: the harbinger of peace. Sloan-- 8. Augustus and the Carolingians Jurgen Strothmann-- Augustus as visionary: the legend of the Augustan altar in S. Pandey-- From peacemaker to tyrant: the changing image of Augustus in Italian Renaissance political thought Robert Black-- Chlup-- In search of a new princeps: Gunther Birkenfeld and his Augustus novels, Martin Lindner-- Augustus in the rhetorical tradition Kathleen S.

Lamp-- The Parthian arch of Augustus and its legacy: memory manipulation in imperial Rome and modern scholarship Maggie L. Popkin-- Life through a lens: Augustus and the politics of the past in television documentaries today Fiona Hobden-- Augusto reframed: exhibiting Augustus in bimillennial Rome Anna Clareborn-- Small bandwidth: Augustus' non reception in America and its context Karl Galinsky. This volume addresses the range and breadth of that history. Beginning with the Emperor's death and continuing through Late Antiquity, Early Christianity, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and early modernity to the present day, chapters address political positioning, religious mythologisation, philosophy, rhetoric, narratives, memory, and material embodiment.

As they collectively reveal, Augustus has meant radically different things from one time and place to another, and even to some individual commentators as the circumstances around them changed. The weight of established narratives has often also shaped those of subsequent generations, with or without their conscious awareness. The book outlines and analyses the major themes in Augustus' reception history, clarifying the cultural and historiographical issues at stake and providing a platform for further scholarship. Afterlives of Augustus, AD []. Description Book — xv, pages : illustrations, map ; 26 cm Summary 1.

A57 Unknown.

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Age of conquests : the Greek world from Alexander to Hadrian []. Chaniotis, Angelos, author. First Harvard University Press edition. C43 Unknown. Albino Garzetti nel centenario della nascita : atti del convegno di Brescia ottobre []. Spirito : Edipuglia, [] Description Book — pages : illustrations some color ; 24 cm. G A43 Available. The anatomy of dance discourse : literary and philosophical approaches to dance in the later Graeco-Roman world []. Schlapbach, Karin, author. Focusing on the second century CE, it provides an overview of the dance discourse of this period and explores the conceptualization of dance across an array of different texts, from Plutarch and Lucian of Samosata, to the apocryphal Acts of John, Longus, and Apuleius.

The volume is divided into two Parts: while the second Part discusses ekphraseis of dance performance in prose and poetry of the Roman imperial period, the first delves more deeply into an examination of how both philosophical and literary treatments of dance interacted with other areas of cultural expression, whether language and poetry, rhetoric and art, or philosophy and religion. Its distinctive contribution lies in this juxtaposition of ancient theorizations of dance and philosophical analyses of the medium with literary depictions of dance scenes and performances, and it attends not only to the highly encoded genre of pantomime, which dominated the stage in the Roman empire, but also to acrobatic, non-representational dances.

This twofold nature of dance sparked highly sophisticated reflections on the relationship between dance and meaning in the ancient world, and the volume defends the novel claim that in the imperial period it became more and more palpable that dance, unlike painting or sculpture, could be representational or not: a performance of nothing but itself. It argues that dance was understood as a practice in which human beings, whether as dancers or spectators, are confronted with the irreducible reality of their own physical existence, which is constantly changing, and that its way to cognition and action is physical experience.

S Unknown. Ancient Greek and Roman slavery []. Hunt, Peter, author. Description Book — xiv, pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm Summary Preface Introduction and historical context Definitions and evidence Enslavement Economics Politics Culture Sex and family life Manumission and ex-slaves Everyday conflict Revolts Representations Philosophy and law Decline and legacy. An exciting study of ancient slavery in Greece and Rome This book provides an introduction to pivotal issues in the study of classical Greek and Roman slavery. The span of topics is broad ranging from everyday resistance to slavery to philosophical justifications of slavery, and from the process of enslavement to the decline of slavery after the fall of the Western Roman Empire.

The book uses a wide spectrum of types of evidence, and relies on concrete and vivid examples whenever possible. Introductory chapters provide historical context and a clear and concise discussion of the methodological difficulties of studying ancient slavery. The following chapters are organized around central topics in slave studies: enslavement, economics, politics, culture, sex and family life, manumission and ex-slaves, everyday conflict, revolts, representations, philosophy and law, and decline and legacy.

Chapters open with general discussions of important scholarly controversies and the challenges of our ancient evidence, and case studies from the classical Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman periods provide detailed and concrete explorations of the issues. It will also be of great interest to history enthusiasts and scholars, especially those interested in slavery in different periods and societies. H86 Unknown. Ancient Rome : a new history []. Third Edition. P67 Unknown. Anfiteatro Flavio : trasformazioni e riusi [].

A66 Unknown. Angelo Fortunato Formiggini : profilo di un editore : "un signore che si diverte a pubblicare dei libri belli" []. Ariaudo, Maria Agnese, author. Napoli : La scuola di Pitagora editrice, Description Book — pages, 4 unnumbered pages ; 21 cm. F67 A75 Unavailable In process. Gli animali nel mondo antico []. Li Causi, Pietro, author. G8 L52 Available. Book XV []. Liber 15 Tacitus, Cornelius author. Description Book — xv, pages : maps ; 22 cm. Summary List of maps-- Preface-- List of abbreviations-- Introduction-- 1.

Tacitus-- 2. The sources, historiography, and Nero-- 3. Annals structure and artistry-- 4. Parthia and Armenia-- 5. The perils of gloria: Corbulo and Seneca-- 6. The Pisonian conspiracy-- 7. Speeches, style, and language-- 8. General index-- 2. Latin words. His graphic narrative including Annals XV is one of the highlights of the greatest surviving historian of the Roman Empire.

It describes how the imperial system survived Nero's flamboyant and hedonistic tenure as emperor, and includes many famous passages, from the Great Fire of Rome in AD 64 to the city-wide party organised by Nero's praetorian prefect, Tigellinus, in Rome. This edition unlocks the difficulties and complexities of this challenging yet popular text for students and instructors alike. It elucidates the historical context of the work and the literary artistry of the author, as well as explaining grammatical difficulties of the Latin for students.

It also includes a comprehensive introduction discussing historical, literary and stylistic issues. A6 B15 Unknown. The annals of Tacitus. Book 4 []. Liber 4. Woodman Tacitus, Cornelius author. Description Book — xxi, pages ; 23 cm. Summary Book 4 of Tacitus' Annals, described by Sir Ronald Syme as 'the best that Tacitus ever wrote', covers the years AD , the pivotal period in the principate of the emperor Tiberius. Under the malign influence of Sejanus, the henchman who duped him and was loaded with honours, Tiberius withdrew to the island of Capri and was never again seen in Rome, where the treason trials engendered an atmosphere of terror.

The volume presents a new text of Book 4, as well as a full commentary on the text, covering textual, literary, linguistic and historical matters. The introduction discusses the relationship between Tacitus and Sallust. The volume completes the sequence which began with commentary on Books 1 and 2 of the Annals by F. Goodyear , and was continued by commentary on Book 3 by A.

Woodman and R. Martin and on Books by A. Woodman A6 B4 Unknown. Annibale al Trasimeno : indagine su una battaglia [].

Full text of "Walks in Rome"

Description Book — pages : illustrations some color ; 29 cm. A66 Available. Calanna, Giulia, author. M85 C35 Unavailable On order Request. Description Book — pages : illustrations, maps, charts, plans ; 30 cm. Summary Les ouvrages militaires Le Lampourdier. A F Unavailable In transit. Armies of the late Roman Empire AD to : history, organization and equipment []. Esposito, Gabriele, author. Description Book — xvii, pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 26 cm. Summary This guide to the Late Roman Army focusses on the dramatic and crucial period that started with the accession of Diocletian and ended with the definitive fall of the Western Roman Empire.

This was a turbulent period during which the Roman state and its armed forces changed. Gabriele Esposito challenges many stereotypes and misconceptions regarding the Late Roman Army; for example, he argues that the Roman military machine remained a reliable and efficient one until the very last decades of the Western Empire.

The author describes the organization, structure, equipment, weapons, combat history and tactics of Late Roman military forces. The comitatenses field armies , limitanei frontier units , foederati allied soldiers , bucellarii mercenaries , scholae palatinae mounted bodyguards , protectores personal guards and many other kinds of troops are covered.

The book is lavishly illustrated in colour, including the shield devices from the Notitia Dignitatum.

André Géraud

The origins and causes for the final military fall of the Empire are discussed in detail, as well as the influence of the 'barbarian' peoples on the Roman Army. E87 Unknown. Artisti e committenti lucchesi del Seicento a Roma []. L82 A78 Available. Augustan Rome []. Wallace-Hadrill, Andrew, author. Second edition. Description Book — xx, pages : illustrations ; 22 cm. Writing for Augustus 2.

The Myth of Actium 3. Metamorphosis 4. Palace and Court 5. Golden Rome 6. Love and War 7. God and Man 8. Taking an interpretative approach, the ideas and environment manipulated by Augustus are explored, along with reactions to that manipulation. Emphasizing the role and impact of art and architecture of the time, and on Roman attitudes and values, Augustan Rome explains how the victory of Octavian at Actium transformed Rome and Roman life.

The second edition features a new introductory section on literary figures under Augustus, a final chapter on the reception of Augustus in later periods, updated references to recent scholarship, new figures and an expanded list of further reading. This thought-provoking yet concise volume sets political changes in the context of their impact on Roman values, on the imaginative world of poetry, on the visual world of art, and on the fabric of the city of Rome.

W Unknown. Augusto dopo il bimillenario : un bilancio []. Description Book — viii, pages : 1 illustration ; 24 cm. A92 Available. Barbarians in the Greek and Roman World []. Jensen, Erik Professor of history , author. Indianapolis : Hackett Publishing Company, Inc. Did they share the modern Western conception-popularized in modern fantasy literature and role-playing games-of "barbarians" as brutish, unwashed enemies of civilization? Or our related notion of "the noble savage? How did it contrast with the Greeks and Romans' conception of their own cultural identity?

Was it based on race? In accessible, jargon-free prose, Erik Jensen addresses these and other questions through a copiously illustrated introduction to the varied and evolving ways in which the ancient Greeks and Romans engaged with, and thought about, foreign peoples-and to the recent historical and archaeological scholarship that has overturned received understandings of the relationship of Classical civilization to its "others. J45 Unknown.

Baronial patronage of music in early modern Rome []. Morucci, Valerio, author. Patronage - the support of a person or institution and their work by a patron - in Renaissance society was the basis of a complex network of familial and political relationships between clients and patrons, whose ideas, values, and norms of behavior were shared with the collective. Bringing to light new archival documentation, this book examines the intricate network of patronage interrelationships in Rome. Unlike other Italian cities where political control was monocentric and exercised by single rulers, sources of patronage in Rome comprised a multiplicity of courts and potential patrons, which included the pope, high prelates, nobles and foreign diplomats.

Morucci uses archival records, and the correspondence of the Orsini and Colonna families in particular, to investigate the local activity and circulation of musicians and the cultivation of music within the broader civic network of Roman aristocratic families over the period. The author also shows that the familial union of the Medici and Orsini families established a bidirectional network for artistic exchange outside of the Eternal City, and that the Orsini-Colonna circle represented a musical bridge between Naples, Rome, and Florence.

Borderline virginities : sacred and secular virgins in late antiquity [].

Undheim, Sissel, author. First [edition]. Description Book — xi, pages ; 24 cm Summary Preface Abbreviations 1. Sancta virginitate: limits and border zones 2. Roman virginities. Between rhetorics, ideals and "reality" 2. The social value of virginity 2. Ungendering virginity? Virginal paradoxes and paradoxical virginities 3. Sissel Undheim analyzes the negotiations over what constituted virginity, and assesses its socio-religious value, in fourth-century Rome by looking at those at the very margins of virginity and non-virginity.

The Church Fathers' efforts to demarcate an exclusively Christian virginity, in contrast to the 'false virgins' of their pagan adversaries, displays a tension that, it is argued, played a larger role in the construction of a specifically Christian sacred virginity than previous studies have acknowledged. Late fourth-century Christian theologians' persistent appraisals of sacred virgins paved the way for a wide variety of virgins that often challenged the stereotype of the unmarried female virgin.

The sources abound with seemingly paradoxical virgins, such as widow virgins, married virgins, virgin mothers, infant virgins, old virgins, heretical virgins, pagan virgins, male virgins, false virgins and fallen virgins. Through examining these kinds of 'borderline virgins' as they appear in a range of textual sources from varied genres, Undheim demonstrates how physical, cultural and cognitive boundaries of virginity were contested, drawn and redrawn in the fourth and early fifth centuries in the Latin West.

C45 U53 Unknown. Breviarium ab urbe condita []. Eutropius, active 4th century, author. Description Book — xxxvi, pages ; 24 cm. Gross, B. Bleckmann, J. A2 Unavailable In transit. Building mid-Republican Rome : labor, architecture, and the urban economy []. Bernard, Seth Classicist , author. Introduction: Building as Historical Process; 2. Materials and Supply; 3. Rome from the Sack of Veii to the Gallic Sack; 4. Technological Change in Roman Stonemasonry before Concrete; 8. Conclusion; Appendix 1. As Romans established imperial control over Italy and beyond, the city itself radically transformed from an ambitious central Italian settlement into the capital of the Mediterranean world.

Seth Bernard describes this transformation in terms of both new urban architecture, much of it unprecedented in form and extent, and new socioeconomic structures, including slavery, coinage, and market-exchange. These physical and historical developments were closely linked: building the Republican city was expensive, and meeting such costs had significant implications for urban society. Building Mid-Republican Rome brings both architectural and socioeconomic developments into a single account of urban change.

Bernard, a specialist in the period's history and archaeology, assembles a wide array of evidence, from literary sources to coins, epigraphy, and especially archaeological remains, revealing the period's importance for the decline of the Roman state's reliance on obligation and dependency and the rise of slavery and an urban labor market. This narrative is told through an investigation of the evolving institutional frameworks shaping the organization of public construction. A quantitative model of the costs of the Republican city walls reconstructs their economic impact.

A new account of building technology in the period allows for a better understanding of the social and demographic profile of the city's builders. Building Mid-Republican Rome thus provides an innovative synthesis of a major Western city's spatial and historical aspects, shedding much-needed light on a seminal period in Rome's development. Fossier, Arnaud, author. Description Book — xv, pages ; 24 cm. F67 Unknown. Caesar's Civil War : historical reality and fabrication [].

Westall, Richard, author. Leiden ; Boston : Brill, [] Description Book — xvi, pages : maps ; 25 cm. Introduction 2. Italia Introduction 1. Crossing the Rubicon 2. Opening the Sanctius Aerarium 3.

The sources of soldiers Conclusion 4. Hispania 1. Laudes Hispaniae 2. Caesar and Hispania 3. Believed that all was made of water. Pherecydes of Syros c. Anaximander of Miletus c. Famous for the concept of Apeiron, or "the boundless". Anaximenes of Miletus c. Believed that all was made of air. Pythagoras of Samos c. Of the Ionian School.

Believed the deepest reality to be composed of numbers, and that souls are immortal. Xenophanes of Colophon c. Sometimes associated with the Eleatic school. Epicharmus of Kos c. Comic playwright and moralist. Of the Ionians. Emphasized the mutability of the universe. Parmenides of Elea c. Of the Eleatics. Reflected on the concept of B. History Sarlat is a medieval town that developed around a large Benedictine abbey of Carolingian origin.

The medieval Sarlat Cathedral is dedicated to Saint Sacerdos. Because modern history has largely passed it by, Sarlat has remained preserved and one of the towns most representative of 14th century France. The centre of the old town consists of impeccably re. Members of the Potier family were Nobles of the Robe who gained their prominence through serving the King of France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aurillacois or Aurillacoises. He was a Baronet in the Jacobite Peerage. Ramsay was born in Ayr, Scotland, the son of a baker.

He remained in France until writing politico-theological treatises. But his appointment was short-lived; Ramsay was associated with the court party of John Erskine, Duke of Mar, who fell from favour that year. By November Ramsay was back in Paris. During the course of the twelfth century, the seneschalship, also became an office of military command. The seneschal managed the household, coordinating between the receivers of various landholdings and the chamber, treasury, and the chancellory or chapel. The seneschals of Gascony, like those appointed in Normandy, Poitou, and Anjou had custody of demesne fortresses, the regional treasuries, and presidency of the highest court of regional custom.

The list includes the general officers in the French service during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. From to , their number exceeded 2, He also assisted Edgar Faure at the Nuremberg Trial. Poliakov went on to serve as director of research at the National Centre for Scientific Research Centre national de la recherche scientifique from to Swimmers enter the water at a Spanish beach. Nude woman on a French beach. Entrance to the Euronat naturist resort in France This list of social nudity places in Europe is a list of places where social nudity is practised for recreation in Europe.


It includes free beaches or clothing-optional beaches or nude beaches and some resorts. Designated locations include camping spots, beaches, and hotels. Natuur Puur in Herselt 't Ve. The primary professions of the academicians are noted. The dates shown indicate the terms of the members, who generally serve for life. Some, however, were "excluded" during the reorganisations of and and at other times. Resistance cells were small groups of armed men and women called the Maquis in rural areas ,[2][3] who, in addition to their guerrilla warfare activities, were also publishers of underground newspapers, providers of first-hand intelligence information, and maintainers of escape networks that helped Allied soldiers and airmen trapped behind enemy lines.

The French Resistance played a significant role in facilitating the Allies' ra. A revised and updated version entitled Sig. Born in Caulaincourt, Aisne in the French region of Picardy, he began service in the army at the age of 15, serving as an aide to his father. Military career By the time of the declaration of war in Caulaincourt had been promoted to captain and was serving as an adjutant on the staff of his uncle, Harville.

His lineage as a noble made him suspect by the revolutionaries, causing Caulaincourt to volunteer to serve in the French Garde Nationale in Paris as a common soldier.

The Barbaric Tremissis in Spain and Southern France Anastasius to Leovigild

While on his way to join his regiment he was denounced as an aristocrat and thrown into prison. He escaped prison, and returned to serving in the army. It lies on the river Garonne kilometres 84 miles southeast of Bordeaux. Winters are mild and feature cool to cold temperatures while summers are mild and warm. It has around 50, inhabitants, while the population of the urban area was 89, in In French popular culture, the town is associated with a song by Georges Brassens. History Even though the inhabitants settled around the 1st century, the city only started to grow much later.

From around the 5th century onwards, the original city began to develop around a church dedicated to Saint-Martin-l'Espagnol. During the 12th century walls were built around the city and during the Hundred Years' War a second wall was built. These fortifications no longer exist and have been replaced by boulevards.

The commune was named "Brive" until , when it was renamed "Brive-la-Gaillarde". The word "Gaillarde" still used in current French probably stands for bravery o. It is also the seat of a Roman Catholic diocese. After the Roman invasion, they left this post and established themselves on the plain of L'Isle, and the town of Vesunna was created. This Roman city was eventually embellished with amenities such as temples, baths, amphitheatres, and a forum.

At the end of the third century AD, the Roman city was surrounded by ramparts, and the town took the name of Civitas Petrocoriorum. In the 10th century, Le Puy-Saint-Front was constructed around an. The German nun and saint Edith Stein. Ethnically Jewish, she was arrested at a Netherlands convent and gassed at Auschwitz, following a protest by Dutch bishops against the abduction of Jews. Several Catholic countries and populations fell under Nazi domination during the period of the Second World War — , and ordinary Catholics fought on both sides of the conflict. Despite efforts to protect its rights within Germany under a Reichskonkordat treaty, the Church in Germany had faced persecution in the years since Adolf Hitler had seized power, and Pope Pius XI accused the Nazi government of sowing 'fundamental hostility to Christ and his Church'.

Pius XII became Pope on the eve of war and lobbied world leaders to prevent the outbreak of conflict. His first encyclical, Summi Pontificatus, called the invasion of Poland an "hour of darkness". He affirmed the policy of Vatican neutrality, but maintained links to the German Resistance. Despite being the only world leader to publicly and specifically d. Ecclesiastical province of Bordeaux Former cathedral of St. John the Baptist at Bazas. The episcopal seat is located in Bordeaux, Aquitaine.

It was established under the Concordat of by combining the ancient Diocese of Bordeaux diminished by the cession of part to the Bishopric of Aire with the greater part of the abolished Diocese of Bazas. The metropolitan diocese itself comprises Gironde, Aquitaine. It is also the episcopal see of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Tulle. It is the third-largest town in the former region of Limousin, after Limoges and Brive-la-Gaillarde.

Known sometimes as "the town on seven hills", Tulle rose to prominence through the development of its manufacturing sector. History Beginning Initially, the Gauls settled an oppidum at the site of what is now the Puy St Clair because it was a site surrounded by cliffs and so easy to get off. After the conquest, the city moved downwards, to the Trech district and the Romans established a temple to honor Tutela, goddess of protection of property and persons.