This can provide a helpful starting point and a way to measure progress with treatment. Only a doctor can diagnose depression. This formula is a guideline that is only part of the picture.
A doctor takes symptoms, history, and context into consideration when diagnosing depression. Treatment is effective and can change your life. The first step is to complete an assessment or visit a professional.
The trick is trying to see if your worries or mood are out of proportion. Confirming a depression diagnosis can be both upsetting and empowering. Nobody wants to have depression. The best treatments for depression are a combination of antidepressant medication, cognitive behavioral therapy, and lifestyle modifications. Anxiety and depression are distinct conditions, but commonly occur together and share effective treatment approaches. Symptoms of depression include: Having little interest or pleasure in doing things Feeling down, depressed, or hopeless Having trouble falling or staying asleep, or sleeping too much Feeling tired or having little energy Poor appetite or overeating Feeling bad about yourself or feeling like a failure Trouble concentrating on things Moving or speaking so slowly that other people could have noticed.
Depression changes your body and brain Depression includes changes to your body and brain.
Living with depression: Symptoms, causes & treatments
Depression symptoms are gauged by how much they impact your life. Because of this, it can have a major impact in important areas of life: Ability to be productive at work or school Ability to get along in our close relationships Ability to participate in social activities Ability to complete daily tasks like going to the grocery store or doing laundry These effects can be difficult and self-perpetuating. How is depression assessed and diagnosed? The guidelines of the American Psychiatric Association The DSM-5 state that to diagnose depression: A patient must be experiencing at least five of the nine core symptoms and that this must include feeling down, depressed, or hopeless; or having little interest or pleasure in doing things.
Everything You Need to Know About Depression
The Signs and Symptoms of Depression - Brightside
Note that there are actually two kinds of depression. In major depressive disorder —the most familiar form of depression—the symptoms occur in what may be severe episodes that tend to last from seven to nine months. But there is also another form of depression called dysthymia , in which the symptoms are milder, but they last longer, even years.
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So while the experience of dysthymia may be less debilitating for the child at any given moment, the risk is that there is more accrued damage, more time in which the child is kept out of the healthy development process. Join our list and be among the first to know when we publish new articles. Get useful news and insights right in your inbox. In addition to the disorder itself, there are add-on effects that may cause lifelong issues. With depression symptoms comes include low energy and poor concentration, two factors that are likely to have a significant impact on social and academic functioning.
But social learning is just as critical as academic learning in adolescence. Deficits in social skills not only put depressed teens behind their peers, but in themselves can compound their depression.
It may be that depression leads to anxiety—the negative state of mind of a depressed teenager lends itself to uncertainty. It may also be because the regions of the brain affected by anxiety and depression are close together, and mutually affected. Two serious problems that are directly associated with teenage depression and anxiety are suicidal thinking or behavior , and substance abuse. Suicide is the third leading cause of death among adolescents and young adults aged 15 to 24, and we know that most kids who commit suicide have been suffering from a psychiatric illness.
Especially at risk are teenagers who hide their depression and anxiety from parents and friends. Similarly, the majority of teenagers who develop substance abuse problems also have a psychiatric disorder, including, most commonly, anxiety or depression, which is another important reason to get treatment in a timely way. Fortunately, early involvement of health care professionals can shorten the period of illness and decrease the likelihood of missing important life lessons.
The most common treatment a mental health professional is apt to use is some form of cognitive behavioral therapy, and depending on how young the child is, it may involve teaching the parents as well. Cognitive behavioral therapy is based on the idea that a person suffering from a mood disorder is trapped in a negative pattern of thought.
Depressed kids tend to evaluate themselves negatively, interpret the actions of others in a negative way, and assume the darkest possible outcome of events. In CBT, we teach sufferers to challenge those negative thoughts, to recognize the pattern and train themselves to think outside it. And in many cases we see real improvement.