Another issue is that the spread of the burger happened largely at the World's Fair, from tiny vendors that came and went in an instant. And it is entirely possible that more than one person came up with the idea at the same time in different parts of the country. Louis Lassen of Louis' Lunch , a small lunch wagon in New Haven, Connecticut , is said to have sold the first hamburger and steak sandwich in the U.
Taking ground beef trimmings, Louis made a patty and grilled it, putting it between two slices of toast. One of the earliest claims comes from Charlie Nagreen , who in sold a meatball between two slices of bread at the Seymour Fair  now sometimes called the Outagamie County Fair. Nagreen was fifteen when he was reportedly selling pork sandwiches at the Seymour Fair, made so customers could eat while walking. The Historical Society explains that Nagreen named the hamburger after the Hamburg steak with which local German immigrants were familiar.
According to White Castle, Otto Kuase was the inventor of the hamburger. In he created a beef patty cooked in butter and topped with a fried egg. German sailors would later omit the fried egg. The family of Oscar Weber Bilby claim the first-known hamburger on a bun was served on July 4, on Grandpa Oscar's farm. The bun was a yeast bun. Historian Joseph Streamer wrote that the meat was from Stein's market not Klein's, despite Stein's having sold the market in Fletcher Davis of Athens, Texas claimed to have invented the hamburger. According to oral histories, in the s he opened a lunch counter in Athens and served a 'burger' of fried ground beef patties with mustard and Bermuda onion between two slices of bread, with a pickle on the side.
Louis World's Fair. Tolbert, noted that Athens resident Clint Murchison said his grandfather dated the hamburger to the s with 'Old Dave' a. Fletcher Davis.
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Various non-specific claims of invention relate to the term "hamburger steak" without mention of its being a sandwich. The first printed American menu which listed hamburger is said to be an menu from Delmonico's in New York.
It cost 10 cents—the same price as mutton chops, pig's feet in batter, and stewed veal. It was not, however, on the dinner menu. Hamburgers are usually a feature of fast food restaurants. The hamburgers served in major fast food establishments are usually mass-produced in factories and frozen for delivery to the site. Most American hamburgers are round, but some fast-food chains, such as Wendy's , sell square-cut hamburgers. Hamburgers in fast food restaurants are usually grilled on a flat-top, but some firms, such as Burger King , use a gas flame grilling process.
At conventional American restaurants, hamburgers may be ordered "rare", but normally are served medium-well or well-done for food safety reasons. Fast food restaurants do not usually offer this option. The McDonald's fast-food chain sells the Big Mac , one of the world's top selling hamburgers, with an estimated million sold annually in the United States.
Fuddruckers and Red Robin are hamburger chains that specialize in the mid-tier "restaurant-style" variety of hamburgers. Some restaurants offer elaborate hamburgers using expensive cuts of meat and various cheeses, toppings, and sauces.
List of regional dishes of the United States - Wikipedia
Hamburgers are often served as a fast dinner, picnic or party food and are often cooked outdoors on barbecue grills. A high-quality hamburger patty is made entirely of ground minced beef and seasonings; these may be described as "all-beef hamburger" or "all-beef patties" to distinguish them from inexpensive hamburgers made with cost-savers like added flour , textured vegetable protein , ammonia treated defatted beef trimmings which the company Beef Products Inc, calls "lean finely textured beef" ,   advanced meat recovery , or other fillers.
In the s ground liver was sometimes added. Some cooks prepare their patties with binders like eggs or breadcrumbs. Seasonings may include salt and pepper and others like as parsley , onions , soy sauce , Thousand Island dressing , onion soup mix, or Worcestershire sauce.
Many name brand seasoned salt products are also used. Raw hamburger may contain harmful bacteria that can produce food-borne illness such as Escherichia coli OH7 , due to the occasional initial improper preparation of the meat, so caution is needed during handling and cooking. Burgers can also be made with patties made from ingredients other than beef. A buffalo burger uses ground meat from a bison , and an ostrich burger is made from ground seasoned ostrich meat. A deer burger uses ground venison from deer. A veggie burger , black bean burger , garden burger , or tofu burger uses a meat analogue , a meat substitute such as tofu , TVP , seitan wheat gluten , quorn , beans, grains or an assortment of vegetables, ground up and mashed into patties.
A steak burger is marketing term for a hamburger claimed to be of superior quality. Steak burgers are first mentioned in the s. Like other hamburgers, they may be prepared with various accompaniments and toppings. Use of the term "steakburger" dates to the s in the United States. Beef is typical, although other meats such as lamb and pork may also be used. In Australia, a steak burger is a steak sandwich which contains a whole steak, not ground meat. Steak burgers may be cooked to various degrees of doneness. Steak burgers may be served with standard hamburger toppings such as lettuce, onion, and tomato.
Some baseball parks concessions in the United States call their hamburgers steak burgers, such as Johnny Rosenblatt Stadium in Omaha, Nebraska. Burger King introduced the Sirloin Steak sandwich in as part of a menu expansion that in turn was part of a corporate restructuring effort for the company. In Steak 'n Shake sued Burger King over the latter's use of term Steak Burger in conjunction with one of its menu items, claiming that such use infringed on trademark rights.
In the United States and Canada , burgers may be classified as two main types: fast food hamburgers and individually prepared burgers made in homes and restaurants. The latter are often prepared with a variety of toppings, including lettuce , tomato , onion , and often sliced pickles or pickle relish. French fries often accompany the burger. Cheese usually processed cheese slices but often Cheddar , Swiss , pepper jack , or blue , either melted directly on the meat patty or crumbled on top, is generally an option.
Condiments might be added to a hamburger or may be offered separately on the side including mustard , mayonnaise , ketchup , salad dressings and barbecue sauce. In , according to a study by the NDP cabinet, the French consume 14 hamburgers in restaurants per year per person, placing them fourth in the world and second in Europe, just behind the British. French chefs have adapted the hamburger according to the rules of their traditional cuisine: baker's bread, minced butcher's meat and fresh local products, handmade french fries and traditional homemade sauces The aim is to prepare a dish of equivalent quality to the traditional dishes of French cuisine.
In Mexico , burgers called hamburguesas are served with ham  and slices of American cheese fried on top of the meat patty. The bun has mayonnaise, ketchup and mustard. In certain parts are served with bacon, which can be fried or grilled along with the meat patty. A slice of pineapple is also a usual option, and the variation is known as a "Hawaiian hamburger". Some restaurants' burgers also have barbecue sauce, and others also replace the ground patty with sirloin, Al pastor meat, barbacoa or a fried chicken breast.
The menus offered to both countries are virtually identical, although portion sizes tend to be smaller in the UK. In Ireland the food outlet Supermacs is widespread throughout the country serving burgers as part of its menu. In Ireland, Abrakebabra started out selling kebabs and Eddie Rocket's are also major chains.
An original and indigenous rival to the big two U. In the late s, to compete with McDonald's,  Wimpy began to open American-style counter-service restaurants and the brand disappeared from many UK high streets when those restaurants were re-branded as Burger Kings between and by the then-owner of both brands, Grand Metropolitan. A management buyout in split the brands again and now Wimpy table-service restaurants can still be found in many town centres whilst new counter-service Wimpys are now often found at motorway service stations.
Chip shops, particularly in the West Midlands and North-East of England, Scotland and Ireland, serve battered hamburgers called batter burgers. This is where the burger patty, by itself, is deep-fat-fried in batter and is usually served with chips.
Hamburgers and veggie burgers served with chips and salad, are standard pub grub menu items. Many pubs specialize in "gourmet" burgers. These are usually high quality minced steak patties, topped with items such as blue cheese, brie, avocado et cetera. Some British pubs serve burger patties made from more exotic meats including venison burgers sometimes nicknamed Bambi Burgers , bison burgers, ostrich burgers and in some Australian themed pubs even kangaroo burgers can be purchased.
These burgers are served in a similar way to the traditional hamburger but are sometimes served with a different sauce including redcurrant sauce, mint sauce and plum sauce. In the early 21st century "premium" hamburger chain and independent restaurants have arisen, selling burgers produced from meat stated to be of high quality and often organic , usually served to eat on the premises rather than to take away. Independent restaurants such as Meatmarket and Dirty Burger developed a style of rich, juicy burger in which is known as a dirty burger or third-wave burger.
In recent years Rustlers has sold pre-cooked hamburgers reheatable in a microwave oven in the United Kingdom. In the UK, as in North America and Japan, the term "burger" can refer simply to the patty, be it beef, some other kind of meat, or vegetarian. Fast food franchises sell American style fast food hamburgers in Australia and New Zealand. The traditional Australasian hamburgers are usually bought from fish and chip shops or milk bars.
The hamburger meat is almost always ground beef, or "mince" as it is more commonly referred to in Australia and New Zealand. They commonly include tomato, lettuce, grilled onion and meat as minimum, and can optionally include cheese, beetroot , pineapple, a fried egg and bacon. If all these optional ingredients are included it is known in Australia as "burger with the lot".
The term 'sandwich' is usually only applied when the bread used is sliced bread. The only variance between the two countries' hamburgers is that New Zealand's equivalent to "The Lot" often contains a steak beef as well. The condiments regularly used are barbecue sauce and tomato sauce. The McDonald's "McOz" Burger is partway between American and Australian style burgers, having beetroot and tomato in an otherwise typical American burger; however, it is no longer a part of the menu.
The Hungry Jack's Burger King "Aussie Burger" has tomato, lettuce, onion, cheese, bacon, beetroot, egg, ketchup and a meat patty. Hamburg steaks served without buns are similar to what are known as Salisbury steaks in the U. They are made from minced beef, pork or a blend of the two mixed with minced onions, egg, breadcrumbs and spices. They are served with brown sauce or demi-glace in restaurants with vegetable or salad sides, or occasionally in Japanese curries. Hamburgers may be served in casual, western style suburban restaurant chains known in Japan as " family restaurants ".
Hamburgers in buns, on the other hand, are predominantly the domain of fast food chains. Local varieties of burgers served in Japan include teriyaki burgers, katsu burgers containing tonkatsu and burgers containing shrimp korokke. In terms of the actual patty, there are burgers made with Kobe beef , butchered from cows that are fed with beer and massaged daily. McDonald's has been gradually losing market share in Japan to these local hamburger chains, due in part to the preference of Japanese diners for fresh ingredients and more refined, "upscale" hamburger offerings.
According to the Guinness World Records, a Japanese man, Takeru Kobayashi ate the greatest number of hamburgers in three minutes on July 11, Rice burgers, mentioned above, are also available in several East Asian countries such as Taiwan and South Korea. In addition to selling beef hamburgers, they also have hamburgers made from squid, pork, tofu, and shrimp.
Variations available in South Korea include Bulgogi burgers and Kimchi burgers. In the Philippines , a wide range of major U. The chain McDonald's locally nicknamed "McDo" have a range of burger and chicken dishes often accompanied by plain steamed rice or French fries. The Philippines boasts its own burger-chain called Jollibee , which offers burger meals and chicken, including a signature burger called "Champ". In India , burgers are usually made from chicken or vegetable patties due to cultural beliefs against eating beef which stem from Hindu religious practice and pork which stems from Islamic religious practice.
Because of this, the majority of fast food chains and restaurants in India do not serve beef. McDonald's in India, for instance, does not serve beef, offering the "Maharaja Mac" instead of the Big Mac, substituting the beef patties with chicken. Another version of the Indian vegetarian burger is the Wada Pav consisting deep-fried potato patty dipped in gramflour batter. It is usually served with mint chutney and fried green chili.
In Pakistan , apart from American fast food chains, burgers can be found in stalls near shopping areas, the best known being the "shami burger". This is made from "shami kebab", made by mixing lentil and minced lamb. In Malaysia there are McDonald's restaurants. The menu in Malaysia also includes eggs and fried chicken on top of the regular burgers.
Burgers are also easily found at nearby mobile kiosks, especially Ramly Burger. In Mongolia , a recent fast food craze due to the sudden influx of foreign influence has led to the prominence of the hamburger. Specialized fast food restaurants serving to Mongolian tastes have sprung up and seen great success.
In Turkey , in addition to the internationally familiar offerings, numerous localized variants of the hamburger may be found, such as the Islak Burger lit. Other variations include lamb-burgers and offal -burgers, which are offered by local fast food businesses and global chains alike, such as McDonald's and Burger King.
Most burger shops have also adopted a pizzeria-like approach when it comes to home delivery, and almost all major fast food chains deliver.
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In the former Yugoslavia , and originally in Serbia , there is a local version of the hamburger known as the pljeskavica. It is often served as a patty, but may have a bun as well. Throughout Belgium and in some eateries in the Netherlands , a Bicky Burger is sold that combines pork, chicken, and horse meat. It often comes with a specific Bickysaus Bicky dressing made with mayonnaise, mustard, cabbage, and onion. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the sandwich. For the meat served as part of such a sandwich, see Patty.
For other uses, see Hamburger disambiguation. Sandwich consisting of buns, a patty, and some other fillings. Hamburger with french fries and a beer. Main articles: History of the hamburger and History of the hamburger in the United States. See also: List of hamburgers. Main articles. Steak dishes. Cuts of beef Forequarter cuts Hindquarter cuts.
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Related topics. List of beef dishes Meat on the bone Restructured steak Steak knife Steak sauce. Food portal United States portal. Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved October 17, Our head chef has carefully put together these set banquets to offer a wide selection of the most popular dishes in Thailand and should be suitable for most appetites. Our chef has carefully selected some of the most popular Thai starter dishes. Each will delight your taste buds with a delicious combination of flavors and textures. For groups of two or more we would recommend the Lemongrass mixed platter - an assortment that will allow you to try a little of several dishes.
During busy periods, we recommend calling to check availability. We look forward to seeing you. Make A Booking. Fine Thai Cuisine At Lemongrass Chichester The lemongrass offers innovative yet classic cuisine of the highest calibre using the very finest ingredients sourced from the best suppliers both locally and abroad. Important Information Regarding Take Away Orders We would like to inform you that we have made some changes to our menu.
Served with sweet chilli sauce, peanut sauce and vegetable relish. Served with crushed peanut on the side. Served with a variety of sauce. Starters Our chef has carefully selected some of the most popular Thai starter dishes. Served with our spicy seafood sauce. Then shaped hand and deep fried. Served with cucumber salsa topped with peanut.
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Served with sweet chilli sauce. Served with spicy seafood sauce. Serve on their shell with Thai spicy sauce. Served with homemade peanut sauce and vegetable salsa. Vegetarian Starters Served in crispy bowl with sweet chilli sauce. Served with sweet chilli sauce topped with peanut. Served with peanut sauce and cucumber salsa. TOM YUM All time favourite hot and spicy soup with mushrooms, tomatoes ,lemongrass, galangal, kaffir lime leaf, fresh chilli and a touch of lime.
TOM KHA A delightful Thai hot and sour coconut soup with coconut milk, mushrooms, tomatoes , galangal, kaffir lime leaf, lemongrass , onion, fresh chilli and topped with coriander. Thai Salads