Without wind power, the average price is If the wind power increases by one GW, the price drops by 0. Without solar power, the average price is If the solar power increases by one GW, the price drops by 0. If the load increases by one GW, the price increases by 0. The Energy Charts now also show the planned power production of conventional power plants and the forecast for wind and solar under "all sources" at electricity production in Germany.
This feature was requested in the user survey. Over the past four weeks, more than users of the Energy Charts responded to our questionnaire. Many thanks for your feedback and the many comments and ideas. In the following weeks, we will evaluate the responses and work on new functionalities and improvements in order to make the Energy Charts more understandable and informative and more fitting to your needs.
Stay in touch! The Energy Charts, compiled by the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE, are the most detailed database for energy and market data on power generation in Germany and thus an important source for journalists and decision-makers. The interpretation of the data and graphics, however, is to some extent complex.
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A current project of Fraunhofer ISE is to improve the display of data and graphics in order to make them easier to use for journalists. Other users of the site will also profit from these improvements. The energy charts now also show hourly values over one whole year at electricity production in Germany. Just select the empty field in "month" and "week". Depending on the source you select, the browser must display more than This can take up to a minute. This map offers a quick overview over power plant locations as well as detailed information on their production and power lines.
New charts showing the hourly electricity production of nuclear, lignite and hard coal per unit in Germany are online. Data for weekly and monthly production is available. New pie charts show the annual, monthly and weekly percentage shares of the various energy sources.
New charts show volume weighted averaged spot market prices. Daily, weekly, monthly and yearly averaged data is available. In , roughly 37 TWh of electricity from photovoltaic arrays was fed into the grid. Production thus rose year-over-year by 2 TWh or 4. The slight increase compared to previous years is due to the small installation rate of only 1. The target of the government was 2.
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At the end of , Solar power production peaked at In July , the monthly electricity production of PV systems was for the first time higher than that of nuclear power plants. Monthly production of wind power peaked in December and was even higher than production of lignite brown coal. Hourly production peaked at The completion of new offshore wind farms increased production in the North Sea fivefold from 1.
The incremental rollout of a new wind farm in the Baltic also increased power production there fourfold from 0. Taken together, solar and wind power generators produced TWh in , enough to put them in second place after lignite but ahead of hard coal and nuclear. Approximately 20 TWh came from hydropower , a level roughly unchanged year-over-year. The share in gross power supply — including power plants in the processing sector, the mining sector, quarries, and excavation — is around The net power production from nuclear plants came in at around 87 TWh, 5.
The reason for the decline is the shutdown of the reactor Grafenrheinfeld in Bavaria on 27 June Lignite power plants generated TWh net, some 1. Lignite power stations are still very inflexible in their response to high feed of renewable energies. Net production from hard coal plants was posted at TWh, 3. Gas power plants generated some 30 TWh, 1 TWh 3. The downward trend in power production from gas turbines since thus continues. These units produced additional 20 TWh.
In , the export surplus reached some 48 TWh, a level even higher than the record years of , , and The largest share of exports went to the Netherlands, and the Dutch passed on some of this electricity to Belgium and the UK. Austria came in second, and it also passed along some of the electricity to Switzerland. In third place, Poland passed on some of the electricity from eastern Germany to southern Germany via the Czech Republic. Germany imported electricity from France, mainly in order to pass it on to neighboring countries.
In power trading so far only numbers from January to October are available. During this period, The average day-ahead price of electricity has fallen to Versions: The first version from 11 January takes into account the monthly power generation data published on 11 January by the German Statistical Office Destatis up to and including October The data for November and December were extrapolated from adjusted hourly values from the EEX power exchange in Leipzig.
Additionally to the graphs on the coupled Day-ahead hourly auction and the continuous hourly Intraday trading new graphs on the minute Intraday call auction and the continuous quarterly Intraday trading are available under Spot Market Prices. The graphs present the data in terms of the total electricity-trade balance for Germany and also broken down into trading with each neighboring country.
The new graphs can be found in the menu Prices under Power trade statistics. The analyses show that Germany generates additional revenues in the billions each year through electricity exports. The graphical analysis also shows that, on average, market prices were higher for electricity exported from Germany than for electricity imported to Germany. In , Fraunhofer scientists again anticipate a record export surplus of up to 40 TWh electricity for Germany.
In Germany, the annual electricity production from nuclear has decreased by 41 TWh between and At the same time, renewable energy production from solar, wind and biomass have increased by about TWh. On Wednesday, 8 July , offshore wind turbines in German waters produced more than 2, megawatts MW of electricity for the first time.
The wind farms in the Baltic, which are connected to the 50 Hertz grid, produced MW. In the first half of , several new wind farms went into operation in the North Sea and the Baltic to make this new record possible.
The addition of new offshore wind farms has not only increased the maximum output of the turbines, but also power generation. In the first half of , some 2 TWh was generated in the North Sea, four times more than in the first half of In the first half of , roughly Production thus fell year-over-year by 1. The reason was bad weather — and hence less insolation. In the first half of the year, January was the month with the most wind power because of the Elon and Felix storms.
Wind power production peaked at The completion of new offshore wind farms increased production in the North Sea fourfold from 0. Taken together, solar and wind power generators produced 59 TWh in the first half of the year, enough to put them in second position after lignite but ahead of hard coal and nuclear. To date, production in has roughly returned to the level of In total, renewable energy sources — solar, wind, hydropower, and biomass — produced approximately In the first half of the year, net power production from nuclear plants came in at around Lignite power plants generated They were forced to curtail production in particular at times of peak wind power generation during the Elon, Felix, and Niklas storms.
In the first half of the year, gas power plants generated some In the first half of , the export surplus reached some Specifically, the level is 5. On average, imported electricity cost Exported electricity was therefore 0. Versions: The third version from 19 August takes into account the monthly power generation data published on 4 August by the German Statistical Office Destatis up to and including May The data for June were extrapolated from adjusted hourly values from the EEX power exchange in Leipzig; the tolerance range for them is thus greater.
The second version from 8 July takes into account the monthly power generation data published on 7 July by the German Statistical Office Destatis up to and including April The data for May and June were extrapolated from adjusted hourly values from the EEX power exchange in Leipzig; the tolerance range for them is thus greater. The first version from 1 July takes into account the monthly power generation data published on 1 July by the German Statistical Office Destatis up to and including March New charts showing electricity import and export of Germany have been added.
In the power menu, minute averaged power values are shown in the weekly view. The month view shows hourly averaged values. In the energy menu, daily, weekly, monthly and annual energies are displayed. A new chart showing the power of solar, wind onshore and wind offshore for the four transmission system operators has been added.
In the week view minute averaged power values are shown. Photovoltaic PV systems delivered This is an increase of 1. The highest monthly power production for was 4. This outcome is significantly below the existing record of 5. The lowest monthly production was 0. Electricity generated from wind power amounted to The highest monthly production was recorded in December at 8. Together, wind farms and PV systems produced a total of Hydropower produced ca.
This is ca. The losses were primarily due to weather conditions. Together, the renewable energy sources of solar, wind, hydro and biomass produced a total of ca. The net electricity production from nuclear power plants was Compared to the average over the last ten years to , power production from nuclear plants has decreased by ca. This reduction is due to the shutdown of eight nuclear power plants in , as a reaction to the nuclear catastrophe in Fukushima. In , the utilization rate of the available nuclear power plants was This high value demonstrates that nuclear power plants work purely in the base load.
They seldom react to fluctuations in the electricity consumption or in renewable energy generation. The self-consumption of nuclear power plants amounted to ca. The sum of the net electricity production and the self-consumption amounts to a gross production of ca. In , the net electricity production from brown coal power plants amounted to Production lay at a high level, about 2. The utilization rate of the available power plants was The self-consumption totaled The net electricity production from hard coal power plants amounted to 99 TWh.
This is The decrease in production was 85 TWh, or 7. The self-consumption of the power plants was around 9 TWh, or 8. As in the past, gas -fired power plants evidenced the largest decrease in production. In , their net electricity production amounted to Compared to the average over the last ten years, the production sank by The self-consumption of the gas-fired power plants was around 1.
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For , an export surplus of more than 34 TWh is anticipated. Exports reached their highest levels in the months from January through April as well as from September through December. Export levels in the summer months from May through August were lower, due to the annual power plant overhauls that are always carried out during summer. July was the only month with an import surplus. The majority of the exported power went to Holland, with Austria and Poland following respectively. Germany imported electricity from France and acted here mostly as a transit country since the electricity was transmitted primarily on to its neighbouring countries.
Solar power plants in Germany produced Compared to the same period last year, production increased by 2. Due to the bad weather in the third quarter, particularly in September, the high growth of the first half year has significantly reduced. Wind energy produced In September , production was significantly below average. Solar and wind together produced over 64 TWh and were thus at the level of nuclear energy. Biomass plants produced This shows, that the growth of biomass continues this year. Hydro electric power produced This is 6.
About the same production losses result when compared to the average of the corresponding quarterly figures of the last ten years. In sum, the renewable energy sources solar, wind, water and biomass produced about TWh in the first nine months of Electricity production from nuclear power plants amounted to The average utilization of the available nuclear power plants was After the usual revision phase in summer, when up to three of the nine nuclear power plants were shut down, all power plants are now back in operation. Brown coal power plants produced These are 5.
The average utilization of available power plants was The production of hard coal fired power plants amounted to This was Looking at the average of the last 10 years, the decline was 6. Gas power stations had recorded the largest decline in production. They produced Compared to the average of the last ten years, production fell by The average utilization of available gas power plants was approximately In the first nine months, an export surplus of about 20 TWh was achieved. This value is exactly at the level of the record year From January to June Germany had permanent monthly export surplus.
In July and August, more electricity was imported, due to power plant maintenance. Since September there is again a significant export surplus. If this trend continues until the end of the year, again over 30 TWh will be exported, similar to the record of last year. Germany imported about Charts on the net installed electricity generation capacity in Germany were added in the sector energy. The data is available from onwards. It can be selected to display either all years from or a single year.
The annual energies are now available also for individual years. The first half of was marked by mild temperatures and high electricity production from wind and solar energy. In June solar systems have produced twice as much electricity as wind turbines. Buying a new or used car in Germany can be a challenge, but there's plenty of help -- if you know where to look for it. The car-buying experience in Germany can be both exciting and daunting. It can be exciting because there is a very wide number of manufacturers to choose from.
It can be daunting because car prices tend to be higher and the whole thing has to be handled in a strange language. But take heart. It is not really that much different from buying a car at home and there are even some manufacturers that offer special programs designed with expatriates in mind. Whether you buy a new or pre-owned used car depends on your circumstances.
How long will you be over here? How much money do you want to spend? How many kilometers do you drive? What sort of driving do you do more autobahn than city driving? Are you a newly arrived resident of Germany? Regardless of the planned length of your stay PMA can offer you:. Email: contact patriot-autos. There are plenty of sources to help you decide what car you wish to buy, including, among others, television commercials, newspapers, auto magazines and the ubiquitous internet sites.
No matter where you get your information, it is most likely that you will eventually end up in a dealership to finalize the deal and drive off with your new set of wheels.
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You can usually find someone at the showroom who speaks English, and German law generally prohibits the freewheeling bargaining that is so common in other countries. So, in theory, what you see on the sticker is what you should have to pay for the car. There are still some ways of getting the price down.
Dealers sometimes give discounts for payment in cash. Some dealers register cars for a day and then immediately deregister them. This turns them into "used cars", giving flexibility in pricing. There is also room for negotiation when it comes to the "extras"; sunroof, air conditioning, sound system and other accessories. Another way to lower the cost of a new car is to make sure the dealer gives you a very good price for your trade-in. If you don't pay cash for a new car and not many people do then you will have to finance it.
Many manufacturers offer internal finance programs, usually at a slightly better interest rate than a bank. But it pays to check out both possibilities. Interest rates may be better with the manufacturer but the loan may have to be paid back in three years, and you probably can't expect financing for a car that is discounted in any way.
Depending on the price, financing can range from 24 to 60 months. The best interest rates are offered when a 20 percent down payment is made. Read about motor vehicle registration, inspection and taxes here. Pre-owned cars can be a good value if you shop carefully. If you buy a used car through a dealer you can normally expect some sort of guarantee. According to the German "lemon law", dealerships must honor a limited one-year warranty for all used cars they sell.
They are responsible for defects that are present at the time of sale but not those that result from regular wear and tear or negligence. Defects are normally determined by a third party appraiser. Some banks and even some dealers may finance used cars, but this is not as easy as with a new cars. Factors such as odometer reading mileage , age and value are involved. There are a number of pre-owned car dealerships in Germany that cater to English speakers and have native English speakers to help you throughout the procedures.