The competition arising from [pirate] editions, which increased the number of copies on the market, caused sales of the original edition to fall. The most famous printers found themselves on the verge of being overwhelmed, several of them were left bankrupt; and by the start of the sixteenth century no one dared any longer to undertake any enterprise that required the investment of a significant capital sum".
A practice which was not yet illegal - the freedom of printing, or, rather, reprinting being generally accepted at the time - but sufficiently unfair, both in the case of classics and wholly new works, that the royal administration decided to intervene and impose certain rules on the book market, which by then was in full expansion. The first book trade privileges: the choice of "exclusivity" The problems arising in the book trade and the remedies introduced to solve them appear to have been quite similar across Europe.
Thus, in a letter of 27 January , Erasmus complained to Willibald Pirckheimer about the counterfeiting and plundering of the scholarly works published by the great Basel printer Johann Froben, and stressed the urgent need of requesting an exclusive two years' privilege from the Emperor for all of Froben's future publications.
Their origin is almost certainly to be found in the Republic of Venice, as early as the s in fact: a system which probably had a important influence in all Europe, and in France. Feather cites a privilege bestowed upon William Facques for the publication and printing of the royal declarations and statutes. In France, the need for obtaining book privileges appears to have been felt from onwards, although the royal favour granted was probably rather isolated as yet. The granting of a "permission" to print, which soon became necessary in all cases, and that of the privilege still implied two different logics, a political one for the first act, and a commercial and economic one for the latter.
At any rate, exclusive exploitation of the work became a fundamental aspect of the literary market from about onwards, which explains the careful precautions Galliot took when Louis XII died, before the publication of the work, and his efforts to have his privilege formally confirmed by the counterseals contresceaux of the new king, Francis I. Certainly, from this standpoint, the privilege was not granted arbitrarily, which is an essential point to bear in mind.
In addition, this act of protection, as a privata lex , was consequently not supposed to be approved and granted to the detriment of other subjects of His Majesty. In fact, Galliot had been anxious, it seems, to have his privilege confirmed by the new king, when Louis XII died a few months after its first grant. It is a prerogative or advantage granted by the Sovereign to a person who enjoys it with the exclusion of others and against common law".
Still in accordance with its economic rationale, a privilege could not be granted if the work in question had been already printed in France, and an extension of its duration could only be generally accepted by the king when significant additions to the text could be identified in the projected new edition.
What certain historians have called "the criterion of novelty",  but which, in fact, merely entailed that some form of additional work and investment could be established. In such a case, the work could accordingly be considered as "new" to a certain extent, that is to say never published before.
Throughout the sixteenth century, save for some individual exceptions, terms of protection varied therefore from three to ten years, the latter being rather exceptional. The King's Council itself was careful to extend the duration of exclusive rights only when the additions or modifications made to the original text were significant, or when the sale of the initial edition presented serious difficulties. Referring to the start of the sixteenth century, Elisabeth Armstrong notes the remarkable speed with which the privilege system developed.
So much so that exclusivity became a "routine", in other words a natural expedient for an author, or, especially, a bookseller, who was eager to make an effective profit from the exploitation of the published work: "over the next twenty years [after ], privileges came to cover probably the majority of books being printed for the first time, whether newly composed or inherited from the past". Armstrong, E. Coq, D. Delalain, P. Dureau, J-M. Feather, J. Hachette et Cie, Martin, H.
Allegorical title designed by Monnet engraved by Legrand. The table announces 35 cards and plans. Beautiful copy bound in red morocco. Par M. Bossu, Capitaine dans les troupes de la Marine. Half marbled sheep. Second edition of primary interest for Louisiana, Alabama, and Illinois. Bossu, a captain in the French Navy, was the first to write about Louisiana in detail and based on personal experience. The work is actually a collection of 21 letters he wrote during his first two voyages to the country, in and Sabin I find no record of the first edition.
Bossu arrived in New Orleans a few years after its founding, and only eighty years after La Salle came down the Mississippi. This collection of letters, revealing many vivid personal and secondhand recollections, gives a fascinating portrait of life and travels in that vast area. Paris, Presentation copy.
First edition of this founding text of the prehistoric science, due to Jacques Boucher de Perthes , pronounced during the session of June 7th, of the Imperial Society of emulation. The work is illustrated with two plates representing tools: "Probably out of axes and other tools of antediluvian flints" and a geological section: "reduced cut of the Menchecourt ground near Abbeville" lithographed in the text. With his theory of the existence of an antediluvian man, the author attracts the wrath of the scientific community. It was not until and the discoveries of Henry Testot Ferry that scientists began to realize the importance of Boucher de Pertheswork, unfortunately very shortly before his death.
Nice copy in its publisher cover. Provenance: Mr Cornuau, prefect of the Somme handwriting of the author. Published at a few copies. Rare on the market. Elle est due au navigateur Edmond Bigot de la Touanne, au naturaliste Lesson. Ferguson II, Paquet, fat spines gilt-lettered, blind-stamped anchor tools. Provenance: Lieutenant Commander H. Paquet binding. First edition of this nicely illustrated work on the French circumnavigation under command of Baron De Bougainville, son of the greatexplorer Louis de Bougainville.
The lithographed views were made by Bichebois,Sabatier, and Bayot after designs by E. The fine colour-printed engraved plates by H. Bessa, show plants and animals, including a curious case of Siamese twins, theAustralian kangaroo, two beautiful plates of the Australian parrot, and a finecolour-plate with butterflies. The double-page maps and plates were all engravedby Amboise Tardieu, mostly after designs by E. Berlin, Paris, Ch. Jombert, Bel exemplaire, frais. Rare treaty on the construction of dikes by Mr.
Bourdet - , French engineer and hydraulician of the Royal Academy of Architecture of Paris, who practiced especially in Germany. The book is dedicated to Count Othon of Podexils - , Prussian ambassador. From time immemorial, man has sought to retain water, divert it, or protect itself from it, whether it is to sail, to increase agricultural surfaces or to build, to use the driving force of water. This work deals with the issues of interest of dykes, reasons of their construction, repairs in case of breakage, disadvantages and benefits for humans other than saving lives, all these topics are detailed in 19 chapters with the support of 9 plates of diagrams of a great precision.
Provenance: Bramshill ex-libris emblazoned on the back of the 1st dish. Nice copy, fresh. Avec introduction et notes. Cependant, peu de journaux de corsaires sont connus. Il dresse des cartes des rades quil visite. Their "catches" bring considerable sums of money to the treasure of the crown, and the names of several French corsairs remain famous. However, few privateers' journals are known. Lawrence in Canada on behalf of of the Company of New France.
Thus begins his long career at sea of forty-eight years. Recognized as an excellent pilot, he is the privileged witness of the whole maritime history of the time of Louis XIV. He remains, with Duguay Trouin, the most prolific corsaire, having left memories written with care and meticulousness.
Here is an overview of his feats of arms as captain corsair: In , Jean Doublet takes command of a frigate corsair from Granville, the "Jeune Homme" barrels, 16 guns and 25 men , then the ton corsair frigate of Saint-Malo, the "Comte de Revel", with which he captured an English coastguard of barrels and 40 guns. In he was captured by the British in the Channel and remained a prisoner for three and a half months in Plymouth.
In , he commanded the St. He draws maps of the places he visits. On April 22, , he returned to Port-Louis with a booty of , piastres of gold and silver! Jean Doublet then retired in Honfleur, occupying his last years in the drafting of his journal. Like Duguay Trouin, he writes his memoirs for his family and his friends who want to know his sea adventures. The corsair's diary is accompanied by an introduction, a family tree, a series of pieces and documents and a table of names and vessels cited.
L'Egypte et la Syrie ou moeurs, usages, costumes et monumens des Egyptiens, des Arabes et des Syriens. Paris, Nepveu, Breton a produit des travaux similaires sur la Chine et la Russie. Superbe exemplaire. Blackmer ; Brunet I; Atabey First edition, beautifully bound and in period colors with heightened gold, of this book dedicated to Egypt and the Middle East. A major actor in court reporting in France, co-founder and manager of the Gazette des Tribunaux, he knows almost all the languages of Europe English, German, Spanish, Flemish, Dutch, Italian.
He was thus the ideal man to carry out the work entrusted to him by the publisher Nepveu, a bookseller passionate about travel. Breton has produced similar works on China and Russia. He yielded to Breton not only information, but also unpublished drawings he had himself made during his journey and that Breton adds those of Luigi Mayer published in England.
In his preface, Breton praises the success of the French in Egypt "where the French name has left such beautiful memories. The iconography consists of 84 plates with an important ethnographic part: inhabitants of all social categories, scenes of life, crafts, objects, furniture, weapons, musical instruments and views of monuments, cities and landscapes of the Holy Land and from Egypt.
The double page plates are mostly reduced versions of Mayer's Egypt. The set is in period colors with especially fresh. Superb copy. Paris, Durand, First Edition of this important work by Charles de Brosses , considered as one of the major works dealing with the first voyages in the Pacific, intended to stimulate French exploration and colonization of the South Seas. This publication is the major work of Brosses, French magistrate, historian, linguist and writer.
- Valle dItria (Miscellanea) (Italian Edition).
- In This Red Country (Red Country Trilogy Book 1).
In the eighteenth century, "Terres Australes" does not refer only to the glacial continents of the Arctic and Antarctic, but refers to a larger and more indefinite region of the southern hemisphere from the Cape of Good- Hope to the Strait of Magellan via the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific, three distinct regions that the author names respectively: Australasia, Polynesia and Magellania this last name based on the belief in existence from a continent beyond the tip of South America. The book contains the story of all journeys to the south, starting with the second Vespucci expedition from to , including trips to Magellan, Drake, Schouten, Tasman The text was later used as base for Callander's highly influential "Terra Australis Cognita" of in this form it had much to do with British plans for colonial expansion through transportation.
Brosses suggests that France should colonize Australia thus virtually predicting its ultimate destiny! The text is illustrated with 7 maps by Robert de Vaugondy, which gives the geographical representation of the mid-eighteenth century world. The first represent the whole of the southern hemisphere with Australia in center. Broughton arriva en Inde en , comme Cadet de lEtablissement du Bengale.
Bel exemplaire, coloris frais. Original card-board bindings. First French edition. Broughton first arrived in India in as a cadet on the Bengal establishment.
- Enjoy Your Stay....
- Cyrano de Bergerac;
- D’une fin de l’histoire à l’autre : Francis Fukuyama, François Furet, (re)lectures croisées.
- Navigation principale.
- East Rockaway (Images of America).
- Suggestioni etrusche (Italian Edition).
Following the siege of Seringapatam in , in which he was actively engaged, he was appointed commandant of the cadet corps. At the time he wrote the present work he was military resident with the Mahrattas. His book is dedicated to the Marquis of Wellesley, "the acute detector of Mahratta wiles, the firm repeller of their insolent pretensions, and the formidable barrier to their ambitious projects; their vigorous opponent in time of war, and their generous pacificator in the hour of victory.
Abbey, Travel, ; Tooley, ; Colas, Paris, Imprimerie Royale, Faux-titre, Titre , pp. Dans cet ouvrage technique, il aborde les questions du lestage et donne la comparaison du poids de la charge et du poids de la coque. L'illustration se compose de 6 planches : 1. Plan du lest de fer d'un vaisseau de 74 canons. Premier plan de futailles d'un vaisseau de 74 canons.
Second plan de futailles d'un vaisseau de 74 canons. Plan de la Coupe Verticale-longitudunale d'un Vaisseau de 74 Canons. Full calf binding with the guilted arms of France. First and only edition of this scarce treatise by Burgues de Missiessy At the beginning of his brilliant carrier as a sea officer he was Vice Amiral in the French Navy in , he served under Admiral d'Estaing during his campaigns in the American Revolutionary War.
He also was Directeur of the French shipbuilding school. The present book was printed by order of the Governement. Superb copy of this rare work, printed on a special heavy velum paper with the binging of the king Louis the XVIth. Jomard, membre de linstitut. T, T et 1 portrait frontispice de l'auteur , XII, pp. Catalogue ; , ,  pp. Gay, Publisher covers. Original edition of this scarce account. Rene Caillie was presented with the Legion of Honor as the first European to return alive from Timbuktu.
Then he went to the mysterious city, saw something of its real character, and crossed the Sahara to Morocco, reaching the west coast of Fez. For this journey he was rewarded by the Geographical Society of Paris" Baker. Fx-titre, frontispice, titre , pp. Provenance : Alexandre Emmanuel Louis de Bauffremont-Courtenay , prince de Bauffremont et du Saint-Empire, marquis de Bauffremont et de Listenois, comte de l'Empire , pair de France , premier duc de Bauffremont , chevalier de lordre royal et militaire de Saint-Louis.
Contemporary half-sheep. Armorial ex-libris. First edition of this beautiful work richly illustrated with detailed hand-colored full-page engravings depicting scenes, Ottomans costumes, portraits, weapons, tools, musical instruments etc. Castellan gives an elaborate account of the history, emperors, people, religion, arts and professions, richly illustrated. The French publisher Nepveu published a series of books with similar descriptions of different countries and regions of the world. Fine copy of a prestigious provenance.
Paris, Le Rouge, Millard, Second edition in French. In this set of drawings made on site, Chambers aims to stop the "extravagant productions A Chapter is devoted to the distribution of Chinese gardens.
EDITIONS LA DIGITALE
A first edition containing only 19 p. Vial du Clairbois. A Brest, Chez R. Il en prend la direction sur ordre du roi Gustave III qui l'anoblit en Il construira au total 24 vaisseaux de ligne. French edition translated from the Swedish, of one of the most famous naval architecture treatises produced in the 18th century. Copy with 80 pages of notes and handwritten addendum diagrams in English. In the 18th century, naval architecture is the equivalent of what will be the 20th aerospace industry. However, in it remains an empirical art based on the knowledge and the eye of some exceptional master carpenters: most military and merchant ships are built without a specific plan, based on simple sketches and arsenal models.
Duhamel Du Monceau's work "Elements darchitecture navale" published in , is a revolution. It addresses shipbuilding for the first time in a scientific way and accessible to all. From then, the civil and military shipyards adopt a rational work based on the physical and mathematical sciences and perfectly established plans. This work by Sweden Frederick Henry of Chapman, appeared for the first time in Translated into several languages, he will not know an edition in English until Smith, Cambridge.
This treatise is the work of a sailor who knew perfectly the construction of the vessels. At the age of 15, he left for Stockholm to learn the art of shipbuilding. With a partner he opened a shipyard in Gothenburg from This did not prevent him from traveling a lot and even being briefly arrested in , when he visited an English shipyard without authorization. In he took the mathematics classes of English Thomas Simpson He will thus use Simpson's method numerical calculation of an integral to determine mathematically the different characteristics of a ship volumes, surfaces, center of gravity He was then relieving the Swedish fleet, which had fallen somewhat into decay.
He built a total of 24 ships. Appointed Vice Admiral in , he ceased his activity in , when he was 72 years old. The work is divided into IX chapters dealing with every aspect of the construction: displacement, stability, center of gravity, resistance, sails, proportions of buildings and rigging, and construction practice.
It is illustrated with 8 out-of-text tables and 11 out-of-text plates, including 3 folding cutaway schematics. Copy used by a British construction site: it is riddled with forty sheets of manuscripts in ink of additions and notes, diagrams, tables of calculation as well as annotations in the margins, all written in English. Thus, while an English edition was available from , some British architects continued to use the present copy and supplemented it with large manuscript additions.
Il sinstalle en Angleterre et se marie. Dirk Van der Cruysse: "Chardin le Persan". First edition of of the first volume of Chardin's manuscript. Born in Paris in a Huguenot Protestant family, Jean Chardin undertook his travels to Persia because of his father's position as a jeweller and shareholder in the French East India Company. Soon after his arrival in Persia, he received a commission to create jewellery for Shah Abbas II, who died in and was succeeded by Shah Safi. After witnessing the latter's coronation, Chardin went on India and finally returned to Paris in In , he published an account of the coronation and in the same year set off for Persia again, arriving in Isfahan in and remaining there for several years, before once more visiting India and returning home in With the persecution of the Huguenots in France, he moved to England in This first edition deals with the period , which appeared in and was followed by several counterfeit editions.
The complete set of his works was published only in in Paris, but was incomplete of several passages cut by the editor who found them anti-papists! Chardin enjoys the reputation of being one of the best-informed European observers of Safavid Persia. The plates in Chardin's work are said to be after the artist Guillaume Grelot; they include illustrations of Tiflis, Erivan, Kashan, Kom and a large folding map of the Black Sea. A valuable work, highly praised by Montesquieu, Rousseau etc. Scarce original edition of this treaty by naval Lieutenant Chopart, which was animated by the desire to disseminate to all officers of the Navy knowledge inherent in the maneuvers of the Fleet, deficiencies considered disastrous by Chopart since it existed at the time only a manual on board the ships, the "Tactic", intended for the captain alone.
Provenance: Jacques Lapierre, navy officer handwritten dedication by the author. A Dunkerque, le 22 septembre These plan was made by this officer when English and Dutch fleets attacked the city in They were repelled by Jean Bart in a battle which is considered as the last victory of the famous sailor. Some marks of folding, and the title on the verso of the document show it was either classify with military papers, or send to the authorities. Drawn by a professionnel on the first day of the attack, it shows many accurate details, offers the position of both fleets, with the name and place of both ships and batteries.
Up on the right, a table gives the explanation for the depicted elements: kind of ships, batteries, fortifications. The attack was repelled. Rare and precious historical document, depicting the last victory of the famous French corsair. Frankfurt, Johann Peter Zubrodt, Choulant-Frank, pp.
Ancient vellum. First edition of the first illustrated work on Chinese medicine published in Europe. These Latin translations of a late medieval version of the Mo cheh Instructions relating to the pulse and other short texts were the work of the Polish Jesuit Michael Boym They were published, with no mention of Boym, by Andreas Cleyer , a physician with the Dutch East India Company who served in Java in the s and later in Japan.
The only earlier printed Western work on Chinese medicine was a short unillustrated collection of Jesuit translations of similar Chinese works entitled Secrets de la medicine chinoise Grenoble The texts translated here, of which several are by Vam Xo Ho or Wang Shu-ho , deal primarily with theories relating to the pulse, and the closely related subject of acupuncture is discussed extensively. One chapter gives remedies for various types of disorders of the pulse, while the chapter on materia medica lists and describes plants, with phonetic transcriptions of their Chinese names, and their Latin names where the plants have been identified.
The final section contains 36 descriptions of various pathological symptoms as manifested in the appearance of the tongue, illustrated by woodcuts of the tongue with captions describing localized discoloration, etc. The curious engravings, copied from a Chinese source, probably Chang Chieh-Pin's Lei ching include several anatomical engravings of organs as well as the first acupuncture charts published in the West; unfortunately, these were dubbed 'anatomical' by Western writers, causing much confusion and misguided criticism.
A portion of Boym's translation of the section on the pulse was abridged and paraphrased in English in the second volume of John Floyer's Physician's pulse-watch Floyer, presumably influenced by Chinese theory, was the first European physician to advocate regular observations of the pulse. Paris: Claude Barbin et Christophe Ballard, Sabin Streit II, Palau Artents Add. JCB II, See also Church re. First French edition, translated from the original Italian , Venise , of the first biography of Christopher Columbus, by one of his contemporaries who knew him best, his portside son, Ferdinand.
Henry Vignaud, severe critic of the origins of the so-called Columbus Legend, judged it to be "the most important of our sources of information on the life of the discoverer of America," and Washington Irving honored it as "the corner-stone of the history of the American continent. Rutgers University Press , - calls it "a work of great authority," and continues: "Ferdinand's Historie is more than a rich and faithful source of information about Columbus.
It is also a moving personal document that vividly re-creates the moral and intellectual atmosphere of Columbus's world and the swirling passions of which he was the center. It is in large part a straightforward narrative of action. He wrote, therefore, from participation, from verbal narrative from his father's lips concerning the other voyages, and from unique access to his father's papers. That the first edition of the Historie was not published till more than thirty years after its author's death, and in Italian rather than the Spanish in which it was written, is accounted for in this passage from Admiral Samuel Eliot Morison's life of Columbus The manuscript, which has since disappeared, was taken by D.
Luis Colon, the Admiral's grandson, to Italy in , before any Spanish edition had been printed; and the sole surviving text is an Italian translation by Alfonso Ulloa printed at Venice in He sold the manuscript of Ferdinand's Historie to a wealthy Genoese physician, Baliano de Formari, who underwrote the translation and publication, and to whom the work is dedicated. Parenthetically, in the past century doubt of Ferdinand's authorship was cast by the able Americanist, Henry Harrisse, on the basis of evidence which seemed impressive at the time.
Discovery of subsequent evidence strongly tends to refute Harrisse's conclusion and demonstrates the pitfalls of bibliographical conjecture, even when made by experts. When Ferdinand Columbus born in was a young boy he became a page to the Spanish heir apparent, Prince Juan, and later to the Prince's mother, Queen Isabella. At thirteen, in , he went to America with his father, and again, in , with his elder brother, Diego, who was Governor of Hispaniola Espafiola.
Thereafter, he traveled widely in Europe, served the Spanish government with his knowledge of the colonies and of geography, and acted as Diego's legal adviser in the latter's disputes with the Crown over the rights of the heirs of the Discoverer. It is likely that his Historic based in part upon documents gathered to present his case, grew naturally out of this litigation. Ferdinand's share of his father's estate included the income from the labor of slaves in Hispaniola, which, along with several royal sinecures, made him a wealthy man. Much of his money he spent for books and manuscripts and collecting became his most important pursuit.
His library of more than 15, volumes was bequeathed to the cathedral chapter of Seville. Because of centuries of neglect the collection has shrunk to about 2, volumes, but the Bibliotheca Colombina, as it is known, nevertheless remains one of the great treasure-houses of books. L'ecole du jardin potager. Contenant la description exacte de toutes les plantes potageres [ Paris, Didot le jeune, Delalain, Il meurt sans doute vers New expanded edition of this reference book on gardening by the French agronomist and writer Charles-Jean de Combles Born in Lyon he published several treatises on his favorite pastime he developed in Naples: gardening.
Later, he starts publishing historical and erotic books. This work gives explanations of all that is good to know to practice gardening: "the vegetable plants, their culture, the lands, their situation, the climates, the different ways of multiplying them, the time to collect their seeds, their duration, and so on The school of the vegetable garden is considered as his most successful work.
Contemporary half sheep. Second edition of this account of the Meduses shipwreck. Half morroco. Paris, Crapelet, Publisher rappers. Interesting description of London and and its inhabitants, inspired by English authors such as: Fitzstephen, Maitland or Clarendon ink. This book is a picturesque account of the English capital, its monuments and its economy, its quality of life, the mentality of the English at that time and especially the atmosphere that reigned there at two different periods.
The work includes 12 plates illustrating the capital and a folding map in-fine. Paris, Etienne Michallet, First edition of this important history of the Jesuit mission in Japan from the arrival of St. Francis Xavier in to the 's. The author, the Jesuit Jean Crasset , also includes information on Japanese politics and events of the Sengoku and early Tokugawa eras.
Jersey, Ile Agricole Anglo-normande. Etude de sociographie. Examen de la Posibilidad de fixar la significacion de los Sinonimos de la Lengua Castellana. Valencia, Jose Estevan, Fourth edition, first published in , providing synonyms and antonyms in Catalan, arranged by word pairs.
Contemporary marbled sheep, spine gilt. Provenance: J. Guardia signature. Manuscrites et 15 ff. Brown ink on blue paper: 1 vo. Evoking testimony of the life of a young Frenchwoman under the first empire, consisting of an essay on universal history and notes of her current expenses for her "toilette" for twelve years, all written in brown ink on a beautiful blue paper and kept in the original cardboard made by the young lady.
The first notebook begins with a letter of good year that Caroline addresses to the person in charge of her education, her emotion and enthusiasm about her studies is striking: "Madam, the recognition will never be erased from my heart. In vain will years accumulate, I will not forget this happy time you took so much care of my education, Ha! Madam, this day that begins my life is for me the happiest of my life The student gathered in this notebook, intended for her teacher, her knowledge of universal history before and after the Flood to Alexander : "I will not be able to start this work of history more happily than by dedicating it to you: The interest you have always taken in my advancement in this science is a guarantee to me that you will accept this feeble attempt of one of your pupils.
Then start her essay on history: Adam, Moses, Solomon, the Persians, Assyrians, Nebuchadnezzar, Babylon, Balthazar, Cyrius, the Greeks and finally a chapter on the "Kingdom of the Egyptians", whose "foundation dates back to the 1 year since the creation world The second notebook consists of a memoir of accounts held by Caroline Deroche August 8, to March , very informative document on the "toilette" of a young French years ago.
January 1 handkerchief from Madras, 1 Nanjing robe, 1 pair of skin gloves, whitewashed lace and stockings, bought paper from feathers and wax From January , caroline indicates sums received and their provenance: "" received in money from the sale of sheep. Total of what I received this year: 95 f. And in received 20 f from the farm of the small meadow, received the price of the sheet of murres These receipts indicate that the young woman has her own income from the sale of farm production that she owns.
Documents of historical interest on the education and life of a young woman of the time. Amiens et Paris, Godart, Ganeau, In this book, Nicolas Desmarest , a French geographer, goes on about the junction between England and France. To allow the reader to follow his reasoning, he joins a chart of the coast and a remarkably accurate topographic map of the bottom of the Channel Sea and the German Sea, itself drawn by Philippe Buache.
Paris, Desnos, Ex-libris sur cuir "Jacques Lacour Gayet". Il tenait une boutique rue Saint-Jacques, au Globe. Il travailla avec les plus importants cartographes de son temps et collabora souvent avec Brion de la Tour. Full red morocco period, back with ornate nerves, gilded arms. First edition of this chorographic atlas by Louis Charles Desnos This Parisian engineer, geographer and bookseller was named "geographer for the globes and spheres of His Danish Majesty" for the King of Denmark. He ran a shop on Rue Saint-Jacques. However, he spent most of his life as a globe maker and map publisher in Paris.
He worked with the most important cartographers of his time and often collaborated with Brion de la Tour. In this work, Desnos describes the "Parishes and fires, the position of towns, villages, hamlets and abbeys, woods, meadows, mountains, ponds Great copy, well preserved red morocco period. Tableau analytique de la France .
Le travail de gravure encadrements des cartes Phillips , Tooley's dictionary of mapmakers. Fine set bound together of these 3 cartographic publications. Louis Brion de la Tour was the King's hydrographer-engineer, active from to his death in , then he served the old and new regimes.
construction (Loi sur la), L.R.O. 1990, chap. C.30
His maps shows the state of the French roads before the Revolution; they are very detailed and precise. This important set of geographical, topographical, administrative and maritime works by cartographers Rizzi Zannoni , geographer of the city of Venice, head hydrographer of the Navy depot , Michel by L.
Brion de la Tour and Louis-Charles Desnos , geography engineer for Globes and Spheres gives the situation of France at the end of the old regime. The engraving work map frames Provenance: unidentified armored ex-libris. Very fresh copy in period condition. Paris, Librairie orientaliste Paul Gueuthner, Publisher binding. First edition of this remarkable work devoted to music and musical instruments of the Incas.
This work, due to the couple of musicologist M, and Mrs. The complete bibliography that completes the book makes it possible to realize that this is the first overall work on South American Indian music, the first synthesis on an indigenous art that until then had not retained the attention of ethnologists. The study of Incaic music forms the center of the present work, their research extending to a much larger field including Mexico, Central America and all South American regions on which documents remain.
Numéros en texte intégral
The first part, which deals with the instruments used both in the pre-Columbian period and since the discovery, is an ethnographic study that encompasses the entire New World. It is composed of a series of real monographs including a technical and very detailed description of each instrument, the study of its distribution in the whole of America. Thus, bells and noisemakers, drums and xylophones, trumpet, syrinx, vertical flute and flageolet, whistles and ocarinas and stringed instruments were successively reviewed.
The second part of the book is entirely devoted to the festivals and dances of ancient Peru and Mexico. The third chapter deals with Indian music and especially Peruvian music from a technical point of view. There are melodies recorded, mostly noted on the spot or collected from people native of South America.
The authors thus manage to distinguish what is truly Indian from what has undergone European influence, the pre-Columbian music of mixed music. There is another chapter on Incasic poetry, and another on singers and instrumentalists. The set includes a superb album of 39 collotype plates, many in color. Fine copy, very fresh.
Douglas Esqr. Commr de quitter le Little Nore. Manuscript on paper. Card board binding. Original manuscript log from a Mediterranean voyage of H. It includes tables in what appear to be two different hands, one being Captain Douglas's, the other possibly in the hand of one of his officers. Commr from leaving the Little Nore. Sept to the [title unfinished]', signed 'J.
Douglas conducted the King on his first voyage aboard a warship, and on 13 September King George appointed Douglas a knight bachelor. Douglas' manuscript opens on 18 July with an account of his receiving on that day the commission to command the Southampton. Confutation de l'invention des longitudes ou de la mecometrie de l'eymant. Cy devant mise en lumiere souz le nom de Guillaume le nautonnier. Car encore quil ait cinq cent sieurs de Champlain observant en cinq cent endroits de la terre, et que toutes leurs observations conviennent avec la mecometrie, je ne veux que deux ou trois petites observations contraires pour ruiner tout.
Later vellum. Just printed, his work was used by Samuel de Champlain circa during his first expedition of for his cartographic work of New France. In , Dounot published his " Confutation de l'invention des longitudes", a very well-argued criticism of Dounot's work, which he accuses of not demonstrating his claims and rejecting them as false. Mercator was the first in the sixteenth century to attempt to determine longitude by measuring it.
In parallel, the British doctor William Gilbert establishes the tables of this declination. Nautonnier's work is one of the first to speculate on the link between the longitude and the declination of the magnet. He defends the idea of two fixed magnetic poles, towards which the needle of the magnets is oriented permanently. Dounot, mathematics teacher in Paris and friend of Descartes, criticizes here Nautonniers theory on geomagnetism. Repeating and refuting point by point his theories and referring to the observations of navigators including those made made in St Helena, Tristan de Concha and Canton in China.
Finally, he devotes his last chapter to the criticism of Samuel Champlain's observations in New France using the mecrometry, not without some humor: "That the Sieur de Castel-Franc wanted to conclude universally for all the earth, my previous demonstrations will prevent it. For although he has five hundred Sieurs de Champlain observing in five hundred places of the earth, and all their observations agree with the mecometrie, I want only two or three small contrary observations to ruin everything.
And that he says as long as he wants a swallow does not make spring, it only takes a particular induction to destroy a universal proposition. But I would like to know what certainty Sieur Champlain may have that a longitude observed by mecometrie in New France will be true? Will he not have found in Canada some Ptolemy manuscript, which contain the longitudes of the place?.
La description du royaume de Juda et quelques particularitez touchant la vie du Roy regnant. The privilege of liberty was part of the ongoing reform of the regulation of production that accelerated in and continued under every succeeding controller-general. An impressive number of trades were exempted from guild control and the corporations were not revived in many smaller cities and towns.
Other guilds were amalgamated, thereby increasing what goods a master was allowed to make and sell. At the same time, however, the loopholes in the corporate net began to close. Many privileged enclaves like the Faubourg Saint-Antoine in Paris or the fourteen privileged enclaves in and around Rouen were brought under corporate jurisdiction rather than allowing either clerical or lay seigneurs to continue to set their own rules governing the world of work. For those running a business out of a privileged enclave, this reform gave access to larger markets, potentially diminished interference by the corporation governing the trade, provided certain protections against unruly workers, and came at a fraction either a third or a quarter of the price that guild masters in the city proper had to pay.
Grudgingly, complaining all the way, artisans and large-scale entrepreneurs situated in these privileged enclaves joined the urban corporations. With the letters-patent of 5 May , Jacques Necker overhauled supervision of French textile production. This measure greatly extended the privilege of liberty from regulation. These letters-patent created a dual system: producers could chose to follow the existing regulations and have the quality of the resulting product certified by an inspector, or producers could make their textiles however they wished in accordance with their sense of the market.
This measure officially ended the Colbertian emphasis on state-mandated quality production in textiles in favor of a more individualistic approach to satisfying consumer demand. Despite the growing incorporation of some of the most notorious privileged enclaves like the Faubourg Saint-Antoine into the guild system, some important enclaves were not included in the reforms. The most significant exempted enclave was the parish of Saint-Sever on the left bank of the Seine across the river from Rouen.
Thus, despite the extension of a more liberated productive environment, the Bourbon administration recognized that geographical spaces enjoying a thoroughgoing privilege of liberty still had an important role to play in the expansion of the French industrial economy and in the development of new technologies. Despite the growing assault on the position and power of women in the last quarter of the eighteenth century, privilege was essential to the economic positions of tens of thousands of women, as Daryl Hafter demonstrates.
In some trades and in some places, this right could continue for quite a long time if there was a male minor who was the fruit of the marriage.