Conferencia del Dr. Ver conferencia. Orientados tanto a familias como a educadores y profesionales. TDAH Info. Luis Rojas Marcos en Santander. Permiten que nos llevemos bien y que no haya discusiones. Nos ayudan a crecer y a hacernos mayores. Gobierno de Cantabria, Current structure and future challenges. Home Care across Europe. A guide for the social care workforce on supporting family and friends carers of people with dementia. Skills for Care - Dementia UK, Periodo de a De la Torre, eta beste batzuk. Bilduma: Estudios.
Serie: Dependencia. Gobierno Vasco Mondial Assistance. Gobierno de Navarra. Estrategia per a la insercio laboral de persones amb discapacitat a Catalunya Consell de Relacions Laborals de Catalunya. Tesis Doctoral de Esperanza Ruiz Arias. Gender and care: old solutions, new developments? European University Institute, Madrid, Informe del Observatorio de Dependencia. Ministerio de Empleo y Seguridad Social, Learning for care homes from alternative residential care settings. The danish national centre for social, Long-term care home design manual Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Manual de Habilidades para Cuidadores Familiares de personas mayores dependientes.
Xunta de Galicia, La toma de decisiones para el desarrollo de su proyecto de vida. Las personas con necesidades complejas de apoyo, con graves discapacidades. More and better jobs in home-care services. Nutrition and dementia. A review of available research. Informe junio de Plan de Cuidados Paliativos de Euskadi Vitoria, Gobierno Vasco, Planning and implementing palliative care services: a guide for programme managers. Reawakening the mind. Arts interventions to re-energise and inspire people in the early stages of dementia and their carers.
Arts 4 Dementia, Recomendaciones sobre accesibilidad en el hogar de personas con demencia. A road less rocky. Supporting carers of people with dementia. Carers Trust, CCOO Navarra, Principales tendencias en Europa. Informe evolutivo Servicios residenciales. Thinking of incentivizing care? The effect of demand subsidies on informal caregiving and intergenerational transfers. Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Third National Personal Budget Survey.
Experiences of personal budget holders and carers across adult social care and health. In Control, Who cares?. Study on the challenges and needs of family carers in Europe. Who cares in Europe?. A comparison of long-term care for the overs in sixteen European countries. The Netherlands Institute for Social Research, Work-life balance measures for persons of working age with dependent relatives in Europe.
Universidad de Deusto, Comercio de armas en el Sahel. Documentos TV, Colombia: Memorias de guerra y dignidad. Ceuta [Documento de Video]. Migreurop, Universidad de Murcia, La crisis actual del derecho al desarrollo. De Monterrey a Doha. De muerte somos todos. El deber de prevenir, juzgar y sancionar violaciones de Derechos Humanos: el caso chileno. Naciones Unidas. Naciones Unidas, El derecho humano a un medio ambiente adecuado. El derecho al desarrollo: entre la justicia y la solidaridad. Derecho al desarrollo y deuda externa: una perspectiva nacional.
Indicadores y justiciabilidad. Mundubat, Los Derechos Humanos para un Mundo. Derechos humanos y cristianismo. Derechos sociales, ambientales y relaciones entre particulares. Nuevos horizontes. Parlamento Vasco, El estado social y la vida digna. Gaza: cuando contar no cuenta.
Libros y documentos electrónicos
Sonia Herrera, Guatemala: Derechos humanos en tiempos de paz. Ediciones Cinca, ILGA, Homofobia de Estado The impact of the crisis on fundamental rights across Member States of the EU. Country Report on Spain. Impunidad, derechos humanos y justicia transicional. Consejo de Europa, Human Rights Watch, Make it work : six steps to effective LGBT human rights advocacy.
ILGA Europe, Hegoa; Aranzadi, Hegoa; Icaria, El Movimiento de los Sin Tierra en Brasil. Propiedad o alteridad, dilema de los derechos humanos. Museo, memoria y derechos humanos: itinerarios para su visita. Nuevas luchas por los derechos humanos y el cambio social. Nuevas perspectivas y retos para los derechos humanos. Operaciones de mantenimiento de la paz. Plan provincial para el fomento de los derechos sociales Parlamento de la Rioja, Normas internacionales y marcos nacionales.
La salud como derecho humano. El terremoto de El Salvador de Los derechos de las poblaciones vulnerables. Testigos del tiempo: Archivos y derechos humanos. La trata de seres humanos durante el periodo erradicar la esclavitud de nuestros tiempos. Modelos de referencia y casos empresariales. Cajamar, Libro blanco. Estudios en homenaje a M.
Cabra de Luna. Absentismo de las personas con discapacidad en las empresas. Activa Mutua, Accesibilidad cognitiva. La Ciudad Accesible, La accesibilidad de las viviendas en Europa. Ceapat, Imserso, Observatorio Estatal de la Discapacidad, Ministerio de Vivienda, Pilar Vega Pindado. Ministerio de Trabajo y Asuntos Sociales. Accesibilidad universal de municipios. Real Patronato sobre Discapacidad, Instituto de Estudios Europeos. Acceso de las personas con discapacidad al empleo publico Acceso y uso de las TIC por las personas con discapacidad Resumen ejecutivo.
Access City Award Examples of best practice in making EU cities more accessible. Acoso y ciberacoso escolar en alumnado con discapacidad. Active inclusion of young people with disabilities or health problems. National report - Spain. CERMI, Informe propuesta. Adelanto de resultados. La experiencia de la Universidad de Valladolid. Informe de resultados. Oficina de Vida Independiente de la Comunidad de Madrid, Autismo Sevilla, Propuestas legislativas del sector de la discapacidad. EFC, Orientaciones para el profesorado. UNED, Sus aportaciones al cuidado de las personas con Alzheimer.
Atlas laboral de las personas con discapacidad Grupo SIFU, INICO, Being disabled in Britain. A journey less equal. Equality and Human Rights Commission, Cermi, Observatorio Universidad y Discapacidad, Instituto para la Calidad de la ONG, Feafes Valladolid 'El Puente', Calidad de vida y Trastorno del Espectro del Autismo. Capaces de todo. Universidad y discapacidad. Case management approaches to home support for people with dementia Review.
The Cochrane Collaboration, De los derechos a los hechos.
- Workplace Menage: The Collection;
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- To Know the Truth : A Newspaper Novel of the 50s.
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- Married By Christmas (Mills & Boon Vintage 90s Modern);
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- Ave Maria - Score.
Delgado, C. Creencias y percepciones acerca de las posibilidades laborales de las personas con discapacidad intelectual. Universidad de Alicante, Lantegi Batuak, Cuento ilustrado realizado con y para personas con discapacidad intelectual. Universidad de Granada, Los cuentos de Mingabe. Dementia and comorbidities: ensuring parity of care. The International Longevity Centre , Derecho al trabajo de las personas con discapacidad.
Derecho y discapacidad. Derechos Humanos y Discapacidad. Ediciones Cinca. Derechos y Servicios Sociales. Aldura Elkartea, Grupo Editorial Cinca, S. Disability, long term conditions and poverty. New Policy Institute, Barcelona, Obra Social La Caixa, La Discapacidad en las Memorias de Sostenibilidad. Discapacidad, estudios superiores y mercado de trabajo. Red2Red Consultores, La discapacidad intelectual como fuente de bienestar social. Escuela Universitaria de Trabajo Social, Discapacidad intelectual y envejecimiento: un problema social del siglo XXI.
FEAPS, Discapacidad intelectual y salud mental: trabajo en red. ONCE, Discapacidad y fiscalidad. Discapacidad y fiscalidad II. CIDEC, Documento de propuestas de principios y estrategias. Convergencia asociativa en el sector de la discapacidad. El empleo de las personas con discapacidad. El Empleo de las personas con discapacidad. El empleo de las personas con discapacidad ante el nuevo paradigma de la flexiguridad. Empleo normalizado con apoyo. Empleo y Trastorno del Espectro del Autismo: un potencial por descubrir. Employment of disabled people.
Statistical analysis of the labour force survey ad hoc module : edition. Eurostat, I Encuentro Iberoamericano sobre Universidad y Discapacidad. Resumen Jornada en Bilbao [Documento de video].
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Entornos adaptados para personas con discapacidad mental. Entornos urbanos seguros, confortables y accesibles. Entrepreneurship for people with disabilities. Entrepreneurial activities in Europe. El envejecimiento de las personas con discapacidad. National Down Syndrome Society, Envejecimiento y trastorno del espectro del autismo. Una etapa vital invisible. Informe ejecutivo. En el plural de las sexualidades: atender, educar y prestar apoyos a la sexualidad de las personas con discapacidad intelectual.
Fundadeps, Evaluacion de la calidad de vida de personas con discapacidades significativas. Para todos La 2 Documento de video. Estigma y enfermedad mental. Estrategia en enfermedades neurodegenerativas del Sistema Nacional de Salud. Estrategia aprobada por el Consejo Interterritorial del Sistema Nacional de Salud el 27 de junio de Estratexia galega sobre discapacidade Euskal Herriko Lan Babestuaren Elkartea, Estudio de acoso escolar en implantados cocleares.
Estudio sobre discapacidad y personas sin hogar. Estudio sobre la realidad de las personas sordas inmigrantes. CNSE, Estudio sobre la realidad sociolaboral de las personas con discapacidad. Defensor del Pueblo, Universidad Complutense, Neuroalianza, Estudio sobre las necesidades de las familias de personas con discapacidad. Datos Ergon, European Union of Supported Employment Toolkit. European Union of Supported Employment, Universidad de Extremadura, Universidad de Cuenca, Families with disabled children in different European countries.
Finanzas accesibles para todas las personas. AENOR, Parte I. Parte II. Inserta Empleo, Personas con discapacidad en proceso de envejecimiento. Elkartu, Pacto Mundial de las Naciones Unidas, AECID, Accesibilidad Cognitiva, Obra Social La Caixa, Pour une orientation active des personnes en situation de handicap.
PRODE, Hacia unos servicios sociales de calidad adecuados a las necesidades de apoyo de las personas con discapacidad. Helping young people with learning disabilities to understand money. The Money Advice Service, El hotel accesible. Montse Dinares Quera. How can we make our cities dementia friendly?
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- El Amor en los Tiempos del Cólera [Love in the Time of Cholera].
- Realism and Regionalism, 1865-1914 (Research Guide to American Literature);
Sharing the learning from Bradbord and York. Igualdad de trato en el empleo. Huete, A. Impacto de las medidas de austeridad de los gobiernos europeos sobre los derechos de las personas con discapacidad. Universidad de Barcelona, Universidad Pablo Olavide, Impacto social del programa Eca Caja Madrid de empleo con apoyo. Inclusion of youth with disabilities: the business case. International Labour Office, Informe del Estudio. Informe del mercado de trabajo de las personas con discapacidad. Ministerio de Empleo y Servicios Sociales, Informe de seguimiento de la estrategia en enfermedades raras del Sistema Nacional de Salud.
Resumen ejecutivo. Consejo Vasco de Servicios Sociales, Innovaciones en accesibilidad cognitiva. Entornos urbanos que hablan a las personas. SEPE, Universitat Ramon LLull, Internet y Redes Sociales: por un uso seguro y responsable. Sevilla octubre Libro de ponencias. Tomo I. Instituto Max Weber, Tomo II. Libro Blanco sobre la discapacidad en Euskadi. Coordinadora vasca de representantes de personas con discapacidad, Livre blanc. Manual de accesibilidad universal en instalaciones deportivas. Manual para el fomento del empleo de las personas con discapacidad y de la accesibilidad en los despachos notariales.
Manual para un entorno accesible. Madrid, Real Patronato sobre Discapacidad, Manual sobre turismo accesible para todos. Modelo de Reglamento Universitario. Mejora de la accesibilidad universal en el entorno laboral. Mental health, human rights and standards of care: assessment of the quality of institutional care for adults with psychosocial and intellectual disabilities in the WHO European Region.
Esparza, C. Movilidad y accesibilidad en la vivienda. Ocio para todas las personas y para cada una. ODS y discapacidad. Plan de trabajo. Parques infantiles accesibles. Pensiones no contributivas de la Seguridad Social.
Envío de manuscritos
Enero Febrero Ministerio de Sanidad, Consumo y Bienestar Social, People with disabilities have equa l rights - The European Disability Strategy Personal budgeting in municipal disability services. The first experiment in Finland. Finnish Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Las personas con discapacidad en el informe del Defensor del Pueblo Informe Olivenza Observatorio Estatal de la Discapacidad.
Las personas con discapacidad intelectual o del desarrollo ante el proceso penal. Pilot project We Empower uS bH. Better career opportunities for people with spina bifida and hydrocephalus. Methodical toolkit. Plan de Discapacidad de Navarra, Plan "Madrid Incluye" Plan Sociosanitario del Principado de Asturias Consulta prospectiva Delphi. Centro de Publicaciones. Por un espacio socio-sanitario inclusivo. Premios Reina Letizia Cultura Inclusiva. Presente y futuro de los centros especiales de empleo.
Fundosa Galenas S. La primera noticia. Estudio sobre los procedimientos profesionales, las vivencias y las necesidades de los padres cuando se les informa de que su hijo tiene una discapacidad o un trastorno del desarrollo. Principios de accesibilidad audiovisual en el cine.
Salamanca, 4, 5 y 6 de abril de Programas activos de empleo para las personas con discapacidad. Una perspectiva Europea. Propuestas de mejora del marco normativo de la accesibilidad audiovisual. Todos los tres protagonistas en su manera particular se desarrollan de un estado caracterizado por cupiditas a uno repleto de caritas. Es el tema que se traza en el progreso tripartita de los personajes principales. Madrid: Gredos, Armas, Frederick A. Cervantes : Su obra y su mundo. Actas del I Congreso Internacional sobre Cervantes. Manuel Criado de Val. Madrid: EDI, Cassirer, Ernst.
Individuum und Kosmos in der Plilosophie der Renaissance. Studien der Bibliotek Warburg Leipzig: B. Teubner, Castiglione, Baldassare. Los cuatro libros del Cortesano. Juan Jarava. Amberes: Juan Steelsio, Darst, David H. Diego Hurtado de Mendoza. Boston: Twayne, Madrid: Aguilar, Gil Polo, Garpar. Diana enamorada. Rafael Ferreres. Inca Garcilaso de la Vega. Buenos Aires: Espasa-Calpe Argentina, Los cuentos en el teatro de Lope de Vega. Kassel: Reichenberger, Hesse, Everett W. Bulletin of Hispanic Studies La intriga secundaria en el teatro de Lope de Vega.
Toronto: U of Toronto P, Montemayor, Jorge de. Los siete libros de la Diana. Picoche, Jean-Louis. Bulletin Hispanique Luis Roig de Lluis. Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, Roig, Adrien. Le sonnet a la Renaissance. Yvonne Bellenger. Paris: Amateurs de Livres, Sainz de Robles, Federico Carlos, ed. Arte y humanismo. Vega Carpio, Lope de. El remedio es la desdicha. Con su pan se lo coma. Obras de Lope de Vega. Emilio Cotarelo y Mofi. Villegas, Antonio de. El Abencerraje. Wind, Edgar. Pagan Mysteries in the Renaissance.
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The edition is published in two volumes.
Part I contains books one through three and the first twelve chapters of book four; Part II prints the remaining chapters of book four and finishes with book six. Somewhat awkwardly, Part I ends with the title for chapter thirteen of book four while the chapter's text begins in Part II. Perhaps, if the text could be contained in one volume, it would be handier to use.
Missing from the edition is an index that would facilitate the reader's consultation. The few typographical errors -for example, Maltesta on p. In the edition itself, the footnotes record the editor's deviations from the manuscript, explain the meaning of archaic terms, and provide information on historical events and medieval customs. Textual interpretative commentary is infrequent. With few exceptions, the editor kept the original orthography. A reference book has extrinsic value beyond its focused information.
The presence of this type of scholarly effort suggests a generational perspective on a field, a writer, a period or the signal of the arrival of a new field such as Chicano Studies. Dictionary of the Literature of the Iberian Peninsula DLIP also fulfills the external qualities of a reference book by noting an evolution in scholarship. Spanish American literature, formerly subsumed under the rubric Spanish, for its proliferation and excellence, now merits its own reference books.
Women, except in a few cases absent from literature, for the first time appear in numbers in a major reference that credentials their presence. Yet the present reference in English constitutes a total reformation of this classic. Scholars, fortunate to have any one of the Bleiberg editions, should keep it at hand to complement the new work. Before the publication of the present volume, the English-speaking world consulted Maxim Newmark's Dictionary of Spanish Literature which has some very brief entries on Spain and Spanish America, including famous Hispanists from the United States.
DLIP is thus the greatest attempt to date to bring to an English-speaking audience the main contours of peninsular literature. A glance at the topics for the longest entries indicates both selection and privileging. The editors made these and all of the other entries accessible through a combined index of authors, titles, periods and movements.
Each entry has dates, biography where pertinent , critical analysis, primary and secondary bibliographies and name of contributor. The definition of a reference book, one consulted for a fragment of information rather than read as a whole, compulsively makes one want to test if a subject can be exhausted within the confines of a single source. The Siglo de Oro in its six-page article rendered thirty-seven cross references. In tracing each one down many more cross references surfaced.
The readers, limiting themselves to the DLIP, have at their disposal much on the Golden Age, thus verifying both the completeness and the interlinking of the entries.
Also reading this article calls attention to the editors' desire to reach a diverse clientele-scholars as well as students from high school through graduate school can appreciate the article's clarity. A value already noted is the space alloted to women writers. In fact, a perusal of Carolyn Galerstein's Women Writers of Spain: an Annotated Bibliography verifies the inclusion of many women neglected in earlier references.
The criticism of Dictionary of the Literature of the Iberian Peninsula in most part has to be generic. It suffers from the normal problems of all such compilations -the ever- plaguing what- to-put-in and what-to-leave out and the proportioning of words to certain subjects. Although the reader will be pleased with the coverage of Spanish literature, no vertebrating article covers Portugal and its literary periods. Furthermore, periodization of Portuguese literature, trovadorismo, barroco, arcadismo, romanticismo, etc.
The index lists approximately entries on Catalan authors, fifty on Galician and seventy on Portuguese. To satisfy all of these varied constituencies, the publisher, Greenwood Press, should commission scholars to do separate volumes on Catalan, Galician and Portuguese fiteratures. The editors should be commended. Conscious of the omissions, they were much more aware of the constrictions established by their publisher. Another volume, satisfying more readers, would have made the cost intolerable to all but a few libraries.
DLIP , beautifully printed, surely serves scholars of the peninsula better than any other previous reference book in English. Moreover, it takes into account the influence of political circumstances, especially cantonalism and feminism, topics hardly touched upon by previous literary historians. Consequently, for example, she views the Cartas marruecas simply as an essay 18 rather than a hybrid between essay and epistolary novel. Her strategy is eminently successful as she leads us diachronically through the various views of naturalism held by Krausist idealists, positivists, Neo-Catholics, liberals, and moderates, all of whom alter their tactics as they gain or lose ground on the ideological battlemap.
Should it surprise us that so many were aimed by positivists, we ought not forget that Auguste Comte was the most extreme of antifeminists. If Bretz had remembered this, a strong case might have been still stronger. If works of dubious literary value such as Les Microbes humains had not been authored by a famous female anarchist perhaps to keep from starving after her release from a penal colony , Valera would hardly have engaged in the gratuitous task of demolishing the work in his Apuntes.
Perhaps Bretz's analysis of Spanish antifeminism relies too heavily on assumptions derived from general feminist criticism. She strives to explain a great deal by appealing to fear of female sexuality, but fails to mention the liberals' dread of the clergy's political influence on women if female suffrage is attained.
In this respect, the fact that she focuses totally on literary criticism to the exclusion of the novels themselves has resulted in her overlooking this fear in the hidden subtexts of the polemics on naturalism. This volume attests to the expanding expression of cultural pluralism in Spain as well as to the increasing scholarly interest in Galicia within and beyond Spain's borders.
Though lacking editorial comment helpful in understanding the selection and organization of papers, overriding issues, underlying threads and tensions between and among essays and in drawing overall conclusions, this collection does, nevertheless, give an overview of the evolution of Galician literature. Concentrating only on salient essays in each section, we call attention to two of the plenary sessions. The non-Portuguese orthography used by many scholars writing in Galician in this very volume, however, indicates that the debate is hardly resolved.
The medieval literature section contains several papers with parallel thrusts. Connie Scarborough's and Carlos Vegas's pieces concern the multiple dimensions of Alfonso X's poetry: the former holds that, responding to the religious currents of the time, Alfonso's texts serve as handbooks of penance; the latter concentrates on the self-referentiality in the visual and written representation of the devil in Canticle Seventy-four and on the modern theoretical implications of its artistic scheme.
Combined, these papers underscore the complexity of medieval literature that literary manuals seldom suggest. With only three essays, the section on Rosalia de Castro seems unusually short, but is meant to enclose only readings following recent critical trends. Applying different methods, Joanna Courteau and Angel Loureiro show that Rosalia's poetic texts question the subject-object opposition and the whole notion of the text itself.
The essays on contemporary narrative are uniformly strong. No manuscript would be complete without typographical errors. It is our hope that this volume precedes future ones that further study expressions of Galician culture. While all medieval Hispanists are familiar with the research and publications of Samuel Armistead, the bibliography of his work included in Hispanic Studies in Honor of Samuel G. Armistead is singularly impressive. It contains some items published by Prof. Armistead during forty years of scholarship: His interests in the romancero , Sephardic studies, the oral tradition, ballad collection, and the cantar de gesta are widely documented in the carefully compiled bibliography.
Likewise, the articles contained in the volume reflect the major areas of Prof. Armistead's research. Without exception the articles are examples of sound scholarship and provide thoughtful insights. Moreover, the handsome volume is virtually free of typographical errors. The articles are arranged alphabetically by author and, while space does not permit me to review each of the articles contained in the volume, I will categorize the majority of the studies by thematic grouping and highlight their main theses. The largest group of articles deals with the ballad, and of these, several treat judeo-Spanish topics.
Iacob M. Katz argues that in order to establish possible links between extant Sephardic romance melodies and those existing in the Peninsula at the time of expulsion, one must go beyond fragmented melodic vestiges and seek out larger and more convincing units such as melodic incipits, internal phrases of like contour, cadential patterns, and similar strophic structures. Deyermond convincingly argues that, in contrast to other critics' analyses, the poem actually manifests a binary structure in which the first half leads the listener to sympathize with the Moors while, in the second part, one sees that such sympathy was misguided when the treason of the Moors is revealed.
The structure is significant, according to Deyermond, because its use to effect a radical change of readers' sympathies in a tragic or serious context was not common in medieval literature. Two studies in the volume deal with cancionero poetry. Clarke especially concentrates on the seven serpents section of the poem and concludes that the poet was probably upbraiding the nobles for allowing the Catholic Church and the political situation in Castile to become seriously eroded by the 's.
Other studies in the collection concentrate on oral transmission of traditional texts and their impact on written texts. He affirms that all versions of the Mary the Egyptian legend are the works of clerics and that vestiges of orality in the texts should not be construed as juglaresque. John E. Manuel da Costa Fontes deals with two Portuguese folk tales which are still alive in the oral tradition and which, he concludes, were also known by Fernando de Rojas and by Cervantes. The collection's two editors, E. Michael Gerli and Harvey L Sharrer, make significant contributions to the book.
The intended audience exerts as much power upon the form and authority of the narrative as the very poet himself Such a statement is still true today. Ann L. Mackenzie pays particular attention to two key preoccupations of the Calderonian dramatists, recasting and collaboration. Mackenzie defends such recastings against those who see them as symptoms of these playwrights' lack of originality. Indeed, the Calderonian playwrights never chose masterpieces from Lope's period.
The third chapter on collaboration is even more significant. Critics have all but ignored the Calderonian dramatists' penchant for writing plays in collaboration, considering these comedias unworthy of commentary. Plays were often written by three authors, each penning one of the acts. There could be as few as two authors or as many as nine as in La menor Luna africana. It may be that this progression allowed these playwrights to produce texts that had an amazing similarity in style and a strong unity of action. Mackenzie also points out that these collaborative plays are seldom refundiciones , so that the two most common techniques of the period were most often kept separate.
Chapters are dedicated to specific types of plays produced during this period. Characterization is often poor. On the other hand, the Calderonian playwrights excelled in creating comedias de enredo. Mackenzie notes that a decree from the Council of Castille ordering that plots for the theater should not be invented, but be based on history or hagiography, may account for the large number of historical plays written by Calderonian dramatists.
Although only twenty per cent are based on foreign history, many of these works are particularly engaging. Coello's El conde de Sex is a prime example of this type, while El rey Enrique el Enfermo , attributed by Mackenzie to Rojas Zorrilla is a good example of works based on Spanish history. Although one may have wished for a more extensive treatment of each of the different types of plays mentioned by Mackenzie in this chapter, it certainly provides an introduction to the issues and problems confronting a critic who wishes to study these works.
The concluding chapter outlines the causes of theatrical decadence and their characteristics. Two key errors are detected by Mackenzie in these playwrights: sensationalism be it psychological, stylistic, didactic or in staging and conventionalism. Many of the errors, she notes, derive not only from religious or political sources, but also from the influence exercised by the public who attended these plays. A number of interesting examples of the public's influence are provided by Mackenzie.
Madrid: Alianza Editoral, Memorias reviewed in Hispania , Or, to use his own analogy, at almost the moment philosophers discovered the new continent of human life in the non-biological sense they turned their backs on it rather than explore it. For centuries philosophers have considered the human person as a variety of things, as one kind of being among other beings. Now we can recognize human life as another form, a distinct form, of reality, irreducible to other forms because of its freedom. As a synthesis of Marias's own philosophical thinking for over half a century, this book is a rarity.
Seldomly do philosophers pause to recapitulate or integrate their previous books. The first is his theory of human life on earth, any and each human person, while the second is his theory of a particular form of social life. Each synthesizes his previous works on its theme and acts as a source for elaboration in further studies. Particularly interesting to me at this point in my own teaching and research is Marias's use of Ortega's distinction between ideas and creencias , for the distinction throws more light on many misunderstandings in history and on the origin and continuation of various social conflicts than does any other theory of which I am aware.
Unos pocos son realmente comentarios de textos. This volume represents a welcome addition to two expanding bodies of textual material: literature by women writers and dramatic works by Latin American playwrights, two areas of growing interest to scholars and professors both here and abroad. Specifically, Dramaturgas latinoamericanas is a direct response to the chronic scarcity of texts by Latin American female dramatists, particularly in published anthologies of Latin American theater. As Andrade and Cramsie note, the aim of this anthology is not to analyze the range or content of feminine or feminist theatrical discourse but to make that discourse the plays available to readers.
They hope that the availability of materials will promote interest in those plays and lead to more analytical studies on Latin American women dramatists until the latter are studied as frequently as Latin American women who write either poetry or prose. Thus, while the playwrights represented in this anthology may have little in common other than the Spanish language , the selected works all have very specific historical referents as their common denominator; in each, the author is concerned with the sociopolitical issues of her country, one but only one of which is the role of women in contemporary society.
Because the editors have sought a balance among the various Spanish American countries as well as representation of both established playwrights and less-noted ones, familiar works and the unfamiliar, they have included an eclectic assortment of seven plays. Four of them are fairly well-known, written by playwrights whose names are likely to be recognized: Retablo de Yumbel , published in by Isidora Aguirre Chile, b.
In it, Andrade and Cramsie acknowledge the wide range of thematic, formal and ideological positions that have been taken by women writers in general and dramatists in particular, and recognize that the very attempt to speak of a specifically feminine discourse theatrical or otherwise is problematic at best. They further remind the reader that although all the playwrights represented here are women, the particular social position of the individual writer necessarily produces significantly different personal, artistic concerns -thus the wide range of thematic and stylistic focuses among the plays included.
In addition, the editors provide a brief review of women, Latin American and others, who have made names for themselves in the field of theater in spite of the fact that women are more frequently excluded from this genre than from others. In addition the editors have included the playwrights' individual responses to a series of ten  questions.
Those questions address the dramatist's perception of a specifically female dramaturgy in terms of themes, techniques, or discourse and her individual concerns in regard to both her work in general and the specific play included in this anthology. In the case of the deceased Parrado, in lieu of answers to the questions, the editors have reproduced a dramatized prologue, written by David Camp , to her Teatro.
Unquestionably, any of the criteria one might use to select works for inclusion in an anthology is open to challenge. In this particular case, one could object to the blatant Marxism of the Parrado work or the truncated form of the Buitrago play as it is reproduced here. On the other hand, I find La malasangre a particularly good selection to represent the work of such an important playwright as Gambaro, who, outside of a small group of specialists, is often known only for her early El campo.
Both playwrights and their works are relatively unknown and inaccessible outside of Puerto Rico and Costa Rica, respectively, but both are definitely worthy of further study. In sum, the choice of works here seems neither better nor worse than any other. In conclusion, Andrade and Cramsie have made these plays available in anthology form, and have provided perceptive introductions to the lives and works of the various playwrights, as well as thought-provoking interviews.
Some of the autobiographical profiles included in this encyclopedia possess an appealingly intimate literary quality and offer engrossing insights into some of the authors' perspectives regarding what has motivated them to write.