Harvard Widener Ger Mentions Johann Spannuth. Paul MN.
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Published by Historischer Vereins der Pfalz. Item notes: v. Original from the New York Public Library. Digitized May 2, Baumann in Speier. Link , accessed 19 Oct Filed as Mitteilungen des historischen Vereins der Pfalz v28 Dorfbuch Stadt Schwalmstadt: Magistrat, Schaumburger Studien, Heft 9, Verlag C. Paul, Minnesota, Report of the Minnesota Commission appointed to erect monuments to soldiers in the national military cemeteries at Little Rock, Arkansas, Memphis, Tennessee, Andersonville, Georgia.
Minnesota Marriage Collection, , Link , accessed 27 May Special Laws of the State of Minnesota, Missouri Death Certificate Link. Missouri Death Certificates [index entries], Link , accessed 2 Jun Christmas card from Melvin and Joanne Moehring, , including the memorial sevice program for Paul Moehring. Notice of filing for declaration of completion of probate, estate of Martha E. Knappe Attorney. Michigan State Death Index. Index of death certificates, online edition at Link.
Numbers indicate death certificate numbers. Montana State Death Index Link accessed 1 March Numbers indicate file numbers. Pre and data from Link , accessed 30 May Farmington Hills, Mich. OFB Flory, Filed as wilcrkcem. Sheldon Editor; Lincoln, Nebraska, December, Link , accessed 10 Nov Hebron, Neb. Link , accessed 2 Jan Nebraska Marriages, , Link , accessed 12 Sep Link , accessed 29 Sep Notes on Billy Nershi, acoustical guitarist, extracted from the web 6 September , 16 Nov Excel spreadsheet saved as Nuelle-tree. Link , accessed 13 Mar Oakland High School Graduates.
Transcribed by CrisDee Plambeck. Link , accessed 9 July Copies taken from microfilm held at the Nebraska State Historical Society? Filed under Eggert. Oscar [Bredthauer] at A biography of Oscar Everett Bredthauer Sr. Ludwigsburg: Walter, Reihe A Bd.
Omaha Directory Co. Omaha: Omaha Directory Co. Entry for August E. Catholic church records from Offenbach an der Queich, Speyer, Pfalz. LDS films , Sent by e-mail by Margit Herzog, 2 and 4 August Saved as files DSC JPG and Gerichtsbuch. Link et seq. Ohio Death Index , volume:certificate numbers. Link , accessed 21 December Ohio Online Death Certificate Index, volume:certificate numbers. Link , accessed 11 July , and Link , accessed 29 Jul Transcript of various excerpts from the Ord Quiz Feb 17 page 3 column 1, Mar 10 page 3 column 4, Mar 17 page 2 column 3, page 3 column 4, and page 3 column 6 made by Patricia Turek concerning the demise of Charles Hackel.
Filed under Hackel. Obituary of Dean L.
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Fuss, Ord Quiz, Dec 19, Link , accessed 30 Dec Obituary of Ruth M. Pingel, Ord Quiz, Feb 16, Link , accessed 6 May Junior Chamber of Commerce, edition. Forwarded 13 June by Mary Ann Fischer.
Response from the ev. Contains extracts from the church records of Petzen and five Kohlmeier family groups. See also the note to LD4. Letter dated 29 March from Hermann Eggers of Obernkirchen concerning the Kohlmeier-Lindemeyer genealogy, and containing a page from the death register of Petzen. Epitaphs and Inscriptions of Phillips County, Kansas. Published approximately Held by the Phillips County Genealogical Society. Pages concern Myrtle Cemetery, Walnut Township. Piccadilly Lily, by Paul M. Link , accessed 15 July A Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, obituary for Hellen K.
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Schwartz Jauch, November 27, edition, indexed at Link accessed 2 March Micheln as the birthplace of Ella Schmidt Stolzenberg. Niclas as the birthplace of Eduard Emil Schmidt. Schools in Columbus, Platte County, Nebraska. Filed under Rewinkel as Colfax County Rewinkels. Naturalization records from Platte County Nebraska. Charles Hackel, declaration of intent dated 29 Aug Govind P. Sreenivasan Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0 8.
Brandeis University Library HD G3 S74 FamilySearch Pedigree Resource File. Available on the FamilySearch website Link. Patron sheets submitted to the LDS, Reference numbers are batch and page numbers. Quetzen: Kulturgemeinschaft, Jahrhundert, by Walter Prange. Petershagen: Selbstverlag, E-mail dated 12 March from Heather L. Rankin with the Descendants of Hans Polwort - 12 Mar Knop - 12 Mar Rankin with the Descendants of Cord Dauel - 12 Mar Frankfurt am Main B83 H65 Selected pages copied, re Bredthauer, Kohlmeier. No overlap found to enter into PAF. Holdorf from the Denver Post, July 03, , p.
Letter dated July 23, from Art Rewinkel of Aurora Colorado concerning his part of the Rewinkel family, with enclosures. Correspondence dated between from Art Rewinkel and Tony and Claus Sauter concerning contacting Rehwinkel families in Germany. Rumford genealogical database Link , downloaded 22 March Filed in the file "Rewinkel Stacey Katrina".
Letter postmarked August 7, from Walter F. Rewinkel of Orangevale CA regarding his part of the Rewinkel family. Notes from a telephone conversation with Walter F. Link accessed 29 August et seq. Link accessed 5 September Filed in the file "Verdell Holdorf obituary". Cover letter from Walter Rewinkel postmarked August 31, , and 45 family group sheets of Rewinkel descendants.
E-mail dated September 8, from Kerry Arkell concerning her entry in the Rewinkel genealogy.
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Editors: Paul Claussen, Evan M. Duncan, Jeffrey A. Soukup; General Editor: David S. Notes from a telephone conversation with Wolfgang Wiegmann of Langendorf concerning the Rewinkel family formerly of Langendorf, July Link accessed 24 Jan Rootsweb Rewinkel notes. Notes from the website Link on the Rewinkel surname, accessed 26 Jan Accessed via Google Books, snippets only.
Link , accessed 6 Sep Statement of a business named Paper Sales, Robert L. Link accessed 23 Sep E-mail transcription received 5 Jan Short bio of Valerie Rewinkel, Link , accessed 23 Feb Link , accessed 15 Mar Link , accessed 28 Mar History of Bureau County [Illinois], H. Bradsby, Editor. Chicago: World Publishing Company, Link , accessed 6 Jun A seventh Rewinkel family letter, a photocopy of which was sent to me by Joanne Halvorson for translation. Postcard postmarked Jan 19, from Mrs. Russell Hackel to Mrs. Oscar Bredthauer, about the birth of Jeffrey Dean Hackel. Filed with Hackel.
Jahrgang Band 10, Heft 9. Link , accessed 11 April Reminiscences of an Indian Massacre, by Fred C. Spannuth of Conner Montana. Written , with footnotes by whom? Filed with John Palm papers, carrying apparently his document number Spannuth, edited by Bessie Y. Missoula, Montana. Obituaries from the Rocky Mountain News. Lewis C. Filed under Steimbke-Wenden. Hinderberger, W. Jester, A. Schreiner, und S. Page of notes taken on 15 Jul from a letter from Ronald R. Schmidt to Lydia Bredthauer, written 1 June Letter was found with the family history books in the possession of Oscar Bredthauer Sr.
Cover letter postmarked 8 Aug and 12 pages of genealogical charts from Ronald R. Last updated January 10, Accessed 22 June Saved as Ruhe. Three pages originally five, twice copied two onto one of Schreiner family data. Compiled by Isolde Schreiner Ganning. Death dates of Ludwig and Maria Schreiner.
Given over the telephone by Meta Schreiner Husni, 7 Feb Photocopy sent by Isolde Schreiner Ganning, received 6 Sep Mostly drawn from Harthausen and Heiligenstein church records. September Mostly from the IGI. Information is sketchy. Death record of Frieda Emma Wolschon geb. Kukluck, died 12 August , from the Standesamt Berlin Tiergarten.
Electronic mail from Frank Ganning, 23 Feb , concerning his family, filed electronically as Frank Ganning 3.
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Letter from Richard Schreiner of Bedford, England and six pages of genealogical information about the descendants of Benedikt Schreiner of Lingenfeld. Link accessed 28 March Notes from the Link , accessed 18 Dec E-mail from Frank Ganning dated 24 Oct but really sent 20 Jan , with his wife's names spelling and birthdate and place. Fully indexed. Photocopies of select pages, and translations by Jim Eggert, January ID numbers are from his Ahnentafel numbers with a generational alphabetic prefix. Familien und Einwohner in Schifferstadt, Band I, Johann Benedom. Schifferstadt: Stadt, With additional handwritten notes by the author concerning the Joh.
Nikolaus Gelder family Federzeichnung von Link , accessed 28 Apr Schneeren: Heimatverein, Frederick Schultze. Obtained from Ancestry. Evangelical church records of Schwetz, LDS films etc. Sioux City Journal online edition Link Link. History of Seward County, Nebraska : and reminiscenses [sic ] of territorial history, by W. Cox University Place, Neb. Claflin, Link , accessed 8 Jan Anniversary church directory with extensive historical notes.
Pages unnumbered. Link , accessed 23 Sep Numbers refer to row and plot numbers. The Spannuth Family Record. Compiled by Louis Rewinkel in Updated and additions made by Phyllis Rewinkel Hagerbaumer, after Filed with JP papers. Compiled by Louis Rewinkel, updated by his sister Elsie Rewinkel Westphal, then further by her daughter Joanne Halvorson, typed , with later annotations of , , and Sent and filed with JH Jahrhundert im Lichte der regionalen Sozialgeschichte, von Hans Linde.
Good description of social conditions. Bielefeld: Selbstverlag, Stamm-Buch der Familie Span Uth Zusammengestellt von Gottfried Spanuth. Schleswig: Vogt, October Contains 51 tables of Spannuths of various spellings, not all connected together, and numerous photos, documentary extractions, and stories. Finished Tafel Tafel and other notes do not connect with Stammbuch der Familie SpanUth Jahre A Spanutius Family History. Compiled by Edward R. Spanutius Jr. Cronik des Kellereihofes zu Wiedensahl. Spanuth und Spanaus in Wiedensahl.
Vom Begleitheft zum Familientreffen. Besorgt von Achim Alexander Sahin. Link , accessed 29 Aug Saved as heufue Nicolaus Heutger - Leben und Werk. Link , accessed 29 Aug , saved as Prof. Die Familien im Kirchspiel Oldesloe, Trauungen - Filed as Oldesloe families. Extracts filed as Hexenprozesse im Kloster und Klostergebiet Loccum.
Unnumbered pages photocopied from the spiral bound original. Page numbers applied by me. Notes from the ausbcomp. Link and subpages, accessed 5 Jan Spannuth Ohio. E-mail dated Thu, 27 Sep from Rev. Henry Spannuth. E-mail dated May 13, from Herb Spannuth with copies of two pages from notes written supposedly in by Dawilla Spannuth concerning Spannuths not related to the Pennsylvania Spannuths. Mascoutah, Ill. Public Library. Spannuth Resigned.
XIX No. E-mail dated December 13, from Arliene Kammeyer Zeigler with corrections to my list of her part of the Spannuth descendants. Link accessed 1 Jan Obituary of Ray I. Spannuth of Houston TX. After Christmas letter from Joyce and Carrol Turner, postmarked 1 Feb , with information about their family. Transcript stored as Ritzville Journal. Hamilton [Montana] Schools. Link , accessed 25 Mar Divorce decree for Henry L. Descendants of Johan Gottlieb Koenig, March 09, Received by e-mail 9 March from Georgia Koenig. Saved as John Koenig family Tree.
Gregory L. Comer's Homepage, Link , accessed 11 Mar Saved as Gregory L. Comer's Homepage. Link , accessed 15 Mar , saved as Ebenezer. Synodal-Bericht des Illinois-Districts der deutschen evang. Mai Louis: Luth. Concordia-Verlag, Link , accessed 15 Mar August R. The Lutheran Witness, unknown issue. Pittsburgh Directory , R. Good Roads, by the League of American Wheelmen, v. Kammeyer, August - , Link , accessed 23 Apr History of St. Anno Domini Louis Missouri: Concordia Publishing House, New York, Chicago: S. Clarke Publishing Co.
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Link , accessed 12 Jul Meyer, pub. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, Kirche von Missouri, Ohio und anderen Staaten, Evangelisk Luthersk Kirketidend, XX. Filed as EvLuKirketidend. Spannuth, postmarked 27 May Obituaries from the St. L3 Ua Nr. This is one page of many in the folder, most concerning numerous debts to various lenders.
Letter dated 2 June from Willi Stelter of Rodewald, Germany, in answer to my request for Vogeler information from the Steimbke church records. Filed under Vogeler. Steimbke: Gemeinde, Dezember Church records of the ev. Pfarramt I der ev. Also a letter dated 14 January from Steinhude Pfarrhaus, two typed pages in response to a letter I wrote in November Hannover: Charis-Verlag Steinhude: Diersche, Excerpts sent to me by Kurt Hitzeman.
Excerpts sent me by Kurt Hitzemann. Leipzig, Degener, , p. L indicates line number in a page, T a table, G indicates a generation in a table. Ortsfamilienbuch St. Photos of two pages sent by Hans-Dieter Reinhard by e-mail 25 Jun Louis Naturalization Index, Link , accessed 2 June Louis Obituary Index, derived from the St. Louis Post Dispatch, Link , accessed 2 June Niclas churchbook concerning the Schmidt family. Hartwig Strohschein, received by e-mail 20 July LDS films , filmed from the records of the Mecklenburgische Sippenkanzlei and the Mecklenburgische Staatsarchiv, repository at Goslar.
Pomorskie monografie toponomastyczne Nr. Ossolinskich, , Harvard Depository DK S J35 Schatz- und Zinsverzeichnisse des Herausgegeben von Dr. Rudolf Grieser, Staatsarchivrat. Quellen und Darstellungen zur Geschichte Niedersachsens, Band Hildesheim und Leipzig , August Lax, Verlagsbuchhandlung. Nachtrag Tauscher. Stored locally as Nachtrag Tauscher. Texas birth index, available for thru at Link , for thru at Link , and at Link , accessed 9 August , and for Harris County at Link , etc. Texas death certificates, available Link , accessed 19 Jul Texas death index, available for thru at Link , accessed 9 August Texas divorce index, available for thru at Link , accessed 9 August Texas Marriage Index, available for thru at Link , accessed 9 August , and for to at Link , accessed 27 August October-December , Volume 89, Nos.
Twelfth U. Infantry Its Story by Its Men. Published by members of the Twelfth U. Infantry, Copyright by Alfred Aloe. Sievers, Aktenvermerk zu der Konferenz vom Aktenvermerk von Sievers zu einer Unterredung mit Bickenbach am Kramer to SS-Ahnenerbe, Betr. Kramers specifications are not precise. In , the gas chamber of the camp had been examined technically by a French commission of experts.
The floor plan measured 2. The volume therefore was See Camp de Concentration du Struthof. The number of test victims can no longer be clearly established. During cross-examination, he stated that he had witnessed about four series of experiments with LOST, each involving 30 inmates i. According to Holl, each test series led to 7—8 casualties. Regarding the phosgene experiments, he confirmed three series, each with 30 inmates i. The testimonies of Holl have been reviewed and analyzed, Reitzenstein , , —, —, fn.
See also Schmaltz , and , Steegmann , — The implementation of the experimental series was delayed due to a conflict between Hirt and Bickenbach, see Schmaltz , — Bericht von Dr. When interrogated in , Wirth claimed that he had not heard of the phosgene experiments in Natzweiler before the Nuremberg War Crime Trials Woelk , Bickenbach to Karl Brandt: 7. Bickenbach to Brandt, 7. Grawitz, October 8, , ibid. In , the shortage of active charcoal was so severe that the army could not meet its demands for gas mask filters, see Schreiben der Heeres-Rohstoffabteilung unter Az.
August 5, and September 1, , Archiv des Umweltbundesamtes, Tagesjournale. I am grateful to Dr. Karsten Linne who informed me about these documents. Berichterstatter Haase und Regierungsbauinspektor Kumpfert: Oberregierungsrat Dr. Wirth to Karl Brandt, Betr. For the academic career of Friese, see also Albrecht et al. Berichterstatter: Dr. Jaegers und Regierungs-Bauinspektor Kumpfert.
Bericht Nr. As Kopke and Schultz have shown, Wirth committed perjure when he denied under oath that he had absolutely no knowledge of human experiments in German concentration camps, see Kopke and Schultz , — , Schmidt , Verhandlungstag , February 18, , ibid. Eintrag Nr. I would like to thank Dr. Karsten Linne, who found this document, for generously supplying a copy. The images or other third party material in this chapter are included in the chapter's Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the chapter's Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.
Skip to main content Skip to sections. Advertisement Hide. Open Access. First Online: 28 November Download conference paper PDF. After the Nazis had seized power in January , the research and development of chemical weapons became high priority in the context of the armament policy of the new regime. Efforts were made to establish a greater research infrastructure with more than employees working in three army-operated chemical warfare research centers. The largest institution by far became the testing ground and laboratories of the Wehrmacht at Raubkammer near Munster with an average of employees, peaking at in Mills , 9.
Despite its name, the Gas Protection Laboratory also conducted offensive research on new chemical agents. This incidence caused mustard gas injuries to 14 German soldiers, two of which were fatal. The incident immediately led to an investigation by German chemical warfare experts. At least two series were conducted in the concentration camp at Sachsenhausen on a total of 31 prisoners.
The wounds were treated with different drugs: 1 Freskan code name F and F , a powder produced by the company Dr. Fresenius Bad Homburg to cure skin burns; 2 the Holzmannsche-Lost-Heilmittel; and 3 probably Thiosept, an ointment based on sulphurous shale oil Figs. Open image in new window. Time period Researcher Objective Subject 13 Oct. In doing so, Hirt received support from the SS-Ahnenerbe.
Stables were set up, fodder provided, and stockbreeding developed. Subsequently, the therapeutic effect of four vitamins for the treatment of LOST injuries was to be examined on KZ inmates. In , Hirt submitted a report summarizing the results of his LOST experiments in form of a proposal for a therapy of mustard gas wounds. His report did not mention the circumstances of the experiments conducted on concentration camp inmates or the suffering of the victims.
He concluded that a mix of vitamins A, B-complex, C given orally, or Vitamin B-1 injected with glucose would give the best results Fig. In the Natzweiler gas chamber was used again for several test series with phosgene. Hirt and Bickenbach followed the next day and began with the phosgene experiments which ended on August 8, The inmates had to report in groups of four to the experiments. The phosgene dose was gradually increased from experiment to experiment, while the dose of Urotropin was simultaneously reduced. Willy Herzberg, one of the survivors, told how Bickenbach himself led the inmates into the gas chamber, where he smashed vials filled with phosgene on the ground.
Bickenbach then left the gas chamber and subsequently the doors were locked. In the final series, the established lethal dose of phosgene was considerably exceeded Fig. The last series of experiments with chemical warfare agents in a concentration camp took place between December and March at Neuengamme Groehler , —; , —; Klee , —; Kalthoff and Werner , — Jaeger would prepare and conduct the experiments at Neuengamme.
By that time, units of the decontamination apparatus were already in production. Google Scholar. Baader, Gerhard. Bey, Tareg, and Frank G. Senfgas, Stickstofflost, Lewisit und Phosgenoxim. Dokumente und Kommentare. Berlin: Arno Spitz Verlag. Czernik, Hendryk. Studia nad faszyzmem i zbrodniami hitlerowskimi , — Wortprotokolle, Anklage- und Verteidigungsmaterial, Quellen zum Umfeld.
Ebbinghaus, Angelika. Jahrhunderts 13 2 : 16— In Krieg und Wirtschaft. Studien zur deutschen Wirtschaftsgeschichte — , ed. Dietrich Eichholtz, — Nationalsozialistische Besatzungpolitik in Europa — Berlin: Metropol-Verlag. Bearbeitet von Karsten Linne, 11— Eberle, Henrik.
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Ein wertvolles Instrument. Der Krieg, der nicht stattfand. Grodin, Michael A. Historical Origins of the Nuermberg Code. Human Rights in Human Experimentation , eds. George J. Annas, and Michael A. Grodin, — New York: Oxford University Press. Groehler, Olaf. Der lautlose Tod. Einsatz und Entwicklung deutscher Giftgase von bis Reinbek: Rowohlt. Berlin: Vision Verlag. Hahn, Judith.
Grawitz, Genzken, Gebhardt. Hayes, Peter Francis. From cooperation to complicity. Degussa in the Third Reich. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Jones, Irving H.
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Farbenindustrie A. XXX Item 30 , ed. Hamburg: VSA Verlag. Kasten, Frederick H. August Hirt. In Historians and archivists. Essays in modern German history and archival policy , ed. Ancient Synagogues 2 vols. Historical Analysis and Archaeological Discovery. The origins of the synagogue remain shrouded in mystery and its development in its early centuries is only slightly better understood. This book brings together over twenty essays from Israeli, British, and American scholars to explore the development of the ancient synagogue. Combining original articles with the best of earlier studies—including nine articles here translated from the Hebrew for the first time—this collection presents the fullest critical picture of the early synagogue and the scholarly discussions concerning it.
The book focuses on two central questions. First, what were the origins of the earliest synagogues, and where did they achieve the greatest growth in the early centuries? Second, what role did the early synagogue play within the Jewish community? The king and kingship in Achaemenid art Essays on the creation of an iconography of Empire. Author: Root. Terms and Conditions Privacy Statement. Powered by: PubFactory.