Milan, Dalla Stamperia di Giovanni Silvestri.
Manual I Poeti Contemporanei 74 (Italian Edition)
Poesie cinesi tradotte da Giovanni Bindi. A cura del Comune di Biancavilla, Catania. Turin, Imprimerie royale; Paris, B.
Poesie italiane raccolte e straniere. Novelle cinesi del medioevo. I Dialoghi di Confucio. Saggio di poesia cinese, in Il Contemporaneo. Florence, Felice Le Monnier: Prima traduzione integrale italiana del testo cinese, con introduzione, trascrizione e commento. Si-siang-ki o storia del paviglione occidentale. Nuvole bianche variazioni su motivi cinesi. Translation of twenty-six stories from the Liaozhai zhiyi. Antologia della letteratura cinese. Il mappamondo Cinese del P. Matteo Ricci conservato nella Biblioteca Vaticana riproduzione, traduzione dal cinese e commenta.
Some of his ideas and aesthetics influenced Italian fascism and the style of Benito Mussolini and, thereby, Adolf Hitler ; he has been described as "the father of Fascism". D'Annunzio was associated with the Decadent movement in his literary works, which interplayed closely with French Symbolism and British Aestheticism. Such works represented a turn against the naturalism of the preceding romantics and was both sensuous and mystical.
He came under the influence of Friedrich Nietzsche which would find outlets in his literary and later political contributions. His affairs with several women, including Eleonora Duse and Luisa Casati , received public attention. During the First World War, perception of D'Annunzio in Italy transformed from literary figure into a national war hero.
The constitution made "music" the fundamental principle of the state and was corporatist in nature. D'Annunzio was born in the township of Pescara , in the province of Abruzzo , the son of a wealthy landowner and mayor of the town Francesco Paolo Rapagnetta d'Annunzio — and his wife Luisa de Benedictis His father had originally been born plain Rapagnetta the name of his single mother , but at the age of 13 had been adopted by a childless rich uncle Antonio d'Annunzio. His precocious talent was recognised early in life, and he was sent to school at the Liceo Cicognini in Prato , Tuscany. He published his first poetry while still at school at the age of sixteen — a small volume of verses called Primo Vere His verse was distinguished by such agile grace that Giuseppe Chiarini on reading them brought the unknown youth before the public in an enthusiastic article.
In D'Annunzio entered the University of Rome La Sapienza , where he became a member of various literary groups, including Cronaca Bizantina, and wrote articles and criticism for local newspapers. He published Canto novo , Terra vergine , L'intermezzo di rime , Il libro delle vergini and the greater part of the short stories that were afterwards collected under the general title of San Pantaleone Canto novo contains poems full of pulsating youth and the promise of power, some descriptive of the sea and some of the Abruzzese landscape, commented on and completed in prose by Terra vergine , the latter a collection of short stories dealing in radiant language with the peasant life of the author's native province.
Intermezzo di rime is the beginning of D'Annunzio's second and characteristic manner. His conception of style was new, and he chose to express all the most subtle vibrations of voluptuous life. Both style and contents began to startle his critics; some who had greeted him as an enfant prodige rejected him as a perverter of public morals, whilst others hailed him as one bringing a breath of fresh air and an impulse of new vitality into the somewhat prim, lifeless work hitherto produced.
Meanwhile, the review of Angelo Sommaruga perished in the midst of scandal, and his group of young authors found itself dispersed. Some entered the teaching career and were lost to literature, others threw themselves into journalism. Gabriele D'Annunzio took this latter course, and joined the staff of the Tribuna , under the pseudonym of "Duca Minimo".
Here he wrote Il libro d'Isotta , a love poem, in which for the first time he drew inspiration adapted to modern sentiments and passions from the rich colours of the Renaissance. Il libro d'Isotta is interesting also, because in it one can find most of the germs of his future work, just as in Intermezzo melico and in certain ballads and sonnets one can find descriptions and emotions which later went to form the aesthetic contents of Il piacere , Il trionfo della morte and Elegie romane These three novels made a profound impression.
L'innocente , admirably translated into French by Georges Herelle, brought its author the notice and applause of foreign critics. His next work, Il trionfo della morte The Triumph of Death , was followed soon by Le vergini delle rocce and Il fuoco ; the latter is in its descriptions of Venice perhaps the most ardent glorification of a city existing in any language.
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D'Annunzio's poetic work of this period, in most respects his finest, is represented by Il Poema Paradisiaco , the Odi navali , a superb attempt at civic poetry, and Laudi In he wrote his Sogno di un pomeriggio d'autunno and La Gioconda ; in the succeeding year La gloria , an attempt at contemporary political tragedy which met with no success, probably because of the audacity of the personal and political allusions in some of its scenes; and then Francesca da Rimini , a perfect reconstruction of medieval atmosphere and emotion, magnificent in style, and declared by an authoritative Italian critic — Edoardo Boutet — to be the first real, if imperfect, tragedy ever given to the Italian theatre.
After meeting the Marchesa Luisa Casati in , he began a lifelong turbulent on again off again affair with Luisa, that lasted until a few years before his death. In , D'Annunzio was elected to the Chamber of Deputies for a three-year term, where he sat as an independent. By , his daredevil lifestyle had forced him into debt, and he fled to France to escape his creditors. The Vatican reacted by placing all of his works in the Index of Forbidden Books.
The work was not successful as a play, but it has been recorded in adapted versions several times, notably by Pierre Monteux in French , Leonard Bernstein sung in French, acted in English , and Michael Tilson Thomas in French. In and , D'Annunzio worked with opera composer Pietro Mascagni on his opera Parisina , staying sometimes in a house rented by the composer in Bellevue, near Paris. Since taking a flight with Wilbur Wright in , D'Annunzio had been interested in aviation.
With the war beginning he volunteered and achieved further celebrity as a fighter pilot , losing the sight of an eye in a flying accident. In February , he took part in a daring, if militarily irrelevant, raid on the harbour of Bakar known in Italy as La beffa di Buccari , lit. On 9 August , as commander of the 87th fighter squadron "La Serenissima", he organized one of the great feats of the war, leading nine planes in a mile round trip to drop propaganda leaflets on Vienna.
The war strengthened his ultra-nationalist and irredentist views, and he campaigned widely for Italy to assume a role alongside her wartime allies as a first-rate European power. Sulle posizioni crociane rispetto alla stagione barocca, vd. Per un quadro di quegli anni, da considerare anche per il versante letterario e vd.
Studi su un problema estetico , Bologna, Nuova Alfa Editoriale, , approdo di una lunga riflessione.
Franco Venturi , Contributi ad un dizionario storico. Concetti e termini , Roma, Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, , pp. II, p. Franco Croce , Tre momenti del barocco letterario italiano , Firenze, Sansoni, , pp.
Alfonso Gatto - Wikipedia
Getto , Il Barocco letterario in Italia , cit. IV, Lettere , Milano, Mondadori, , p. Scotti , Leopardi e il Seicento , in Leopardi e la letteratura italiana dal Duecento al Seicento , atti del IV Convegno internazionale di studi leopardiani, Recanati, settembre , Olschki, Firenze , pp. Leopardi , Crestomazia italiana. La poesia , a cura di Giuseppe Savoca, Torino, Einaudi, , pp. La prosa , a cura di Giulio Bollati, Torino, Einaudi, , con importante introduzione sulle posizioni leopardiane, pp.
Giovanni Pozzi , Saggio sullo stile dell'oratoria sacra nel Seicento esemplificata sul p. Studi sul Seicento italiano , Firenze, Olschki, Ed esempi analoghi potrebbero essere condotti per i pontificati Ludovisi e Barberini, a intrecciare dinamiche di committenza tra arti e lettere, creando almeno i presupposti per un raffronto di poetiche ed esiti effettivi. Les Dossiers du Grihl. Approches historiographiques. Plan Premessa. III, Giamb