Comme des millions d'autres, il est "mort au champ d'honneur". Mais le lendemain, c'est un morceau de beurre qu'il lui faut rapporter Les proches de Camille ne comprennent pas son attitude. Le vide se fait autour d'elle. Qu'importe le scandale, Franck devient l'objet consentant de son affection. A woman Catherine Deneuve becomes obsessed with her son's best friend after her child dies in a car accident. C'est ainsi qu'Alix n'a pas pris une ride depuis Jeune Gaulois esclave des Romains, Alix entame une vie d'aventures qui lui fera sillonner le monde antique en compagnie de son jeune ami Enak.
Un classique de la BD franco-belge. Christina Cameron Diaz y fait la rencontre de Peter. A girl finds she is forced to educate herself on the etiquette of wooing the opposite sex when she finally meets Mr. Mais un terrible complot se trame: Amarcord is a Italian comedy-drama film directed by Federico Fellini, a semi-autobiographical tale about Titta, an adolescent boy growing up among an eccentric cast of characters in the village of Borgo San Giuliano situated near the ancient walls of Rimini in s Fascist Italy.
The film's title is a univerbation of the Romagnolo phrase "a m'arcord" "I remember". The title then became a neologism of the Italian language, with the meaning of 'nostalgic revocation'. Titta's sentimental education is emblematic of Italy's "lapse of conscience. Julien Vincent Lindon and Lisa Aucler Diane Kruger are a normal couple living happily with their infant son Oscar until one day, police storm into their apartment and arrest Lisa for murder. Then a cour d'assises sentences her to 20 years in prison. On a sweltering day in the south of France; an alluring girl; her troubled boyfriend; her mysterious mother and a gruff neighbor collide in tragedy as their secrets lead to a series of shocking events.
Antoine sauve un soir un inconnu du suicide. Antoine Daniel Auteuil , a head waiter, takes a shortcut through a park one night and spots a young man named Louis attempting to kill himself. He saves him but that henceforth the suicidal man clings to him and asks more and more of him. In the year , protagonist Arthur lives with his grandmother Daisy in a quiet farm house on a dirt road, in a small rural community in Northeastern Connecticut based on Sterling. His grandfather Archibald has recently gone missing and he sees little of his parents who are away looking for work.
Daisy entertains Arthur with stories of his grandfather's adventures in Africa, featuring the tall Bogo Matassalai and the minuscule Minimoys, of whom the latter now live in Archibald's garden, protecting a collection of rubies. Arthur becomes enamoured of a picture of Selenia, the princess of the Minimoys.
When Daisy receives a two-day deadline to pay a large sum of money to a building developer named Ernest Davido, who plans to evict the two, Arthur looks for the rubies to pay off the debt, and discovers various clues left by his grandfather. He is met in the garden by the Bogo Matassala, who reduce Arthur to Minimoy size. From the Minimoys, Arthur learns that they are in danger from Maltazard, a Minimoy war hero who now rules the nearby 'Necropolis', after corruption by a weevil, by whom he has a son named Darkos.
Whether the face of Jeanne Moreau, or the mournful trumpet of Miles Davis, this film is forever etched into the memory of all who have watched it. Pendant ce temps, Julien fait tout ce qu'il peut pour essayer de s'extraire de l'ascenseur…. Infuriated by belittlements, Queen Cleopatra makes a deal with Julius Caesar: To perform this task, Cleopatra hires the architect Numerobis, on pain of death and much to the dismay of Pyradonis, Cleopatra's customary architect.
He and his secretary Papyris discuss the druid Getafix Panoramix in the original French , whose potion empowers its drinkers; and Numerobis goes in search of him. Julius Caesar lands in Britain, where a small village still holds out bravely against the Roman legions. But the situation becomes critical and the villagers have not got long to live; that's when Anticlimax, one of the villagers seeks volunteers to go seek help from his second-cousin Asterix the Gaul and bring back a barrel of "magic potion" from the Breton village of the indomitable heroes.
Une bonne partie du village gaulois les accompagne pour les soutenir. Malheureusement, quand ils arrivent, ils entendent parler de l'interdiction des produits dopants. Bienvenue au pays des contes! During the winter of , Julien Quentin, a student at a Carmelite boarding school in occupied France, is returning to school from vacation.
He acts tough to the students at the school, but he is actually a pampered mother's boy who still wets his bed. One of them, Jean Bonnet, is the same age as Julien. Like the other students, Julien at first despises Bonnet, a socially awkward boy with a talent for arithmetic and playing the piano. L'un d'entre eux, le jeune Jean Bonnet, est le voisin de dortoir de Julien. Malika, son ancienne amie, est devenue la meilleure copine de Camille.
An isolation wall surrounds the ghetto cities. Without effective law reinforcement, within these walls, gang rule is absolute. Damien is a member of an elite police squadron, a special unit highly trained in martial arts and the precise physical skills necessary to navigate the treacherous urban landscape of Paris' future. He is now given the most vital and dangerous task of his career: Le to, a vigilante criminal whose only goal is to save his sister form the clutches of the same gang, knows Barrio 13 like the back of his hand.
Assigned to infiltrate the sector and defuse the bomb, Damien must convince Le to to join his cause. Yet everything is not quite as it seems. Who exactly works for whom? Who is really pulling the strings? Above all, who profits from the use of this bomb? Que de dangers l'attendent! Michel Bernardin works at Planet Assistance, an organisation who helps out Frenchmen who are in trouble in foreign countries.. Huit grands loups traversant le rude hiver et se rapprochant du village Il n'en faut pas davantage pour que.
The year is Spain is politically divided between Republicans and Traditionalists and on the verge of the Spanish Second Republic. Fernando, a young soldier, deserts. Fernando meets and is enchanted by Manolo's four daughters. As he meets each of the first three one by one, he falls in love and has sex with each of them, determining to marry but with each one a complication arises: Heartbroken each time, the father of the girls encourages him to have patience. Each of the daughters is beautiful and represents a different aspect of feminine sexuality.
While Fernando is pursuing her sisters, Luz gets progressively angry and jealous but eventually Fernando realizes that she is the best one of the four to marry. The unusual little family lives in the small village of Saint-Martin, whose inhabitants, despite the German occupation, secretly organize the passage of Jewish exiles into Switzerland. He believes that she migrated "to America, just over the mountains", and spends all his days in the mountains. One day, on the way home, he meets a huge dog, wild and completely discredited: Benjamin a bien hate d'aller au musee.
Mais lorsque Lili Castor lui dit qu'ils y verront de vrais dinosaures, Benjamin devient tout inquiet…jusqu'a ce qu'il se retrouve nez a nez avec un tyrannosaure! Zorg Jean-Hugues Anglade is a year-old aspiring writer making a living as a handyman for a community of beach houses in the seaside resort at Gruissan on France's mediterranean coast. After a row with him where she tears apart and smashes up the house, she finds the manuscript of his first novel, reads it in one long sitting and decides he is a genius.
However, after another argument with his boss, she empties the shack and burns it down. The two decamp to the outskirts of Paris, where her friend Lisa Consuelo de Haviland has a small hotel. Betty laboriously types out Zorg's novel and submits it to various publishers.
They find work in Eddy's pizzeria but a fight erupts in which Betty stabs a customer with a fork. Zorg tries to slap her back to her senses. He is married to Julie, whose depressive character makes his life miserable. Philippe does everything to get a job at an office on the Mediterranean seaside to make her happy. As this favorable position will be granted to somebody who is disabled, Abrams decides to pretend that he is.
However, the management finds out. As punishment, he is banished for two years to Bergues, a town near Dunkirk in northern France. Northern France — and the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region in particular — is considered "the sticks" — a cold and rainy place inhabited by unsophisticated ch'tis who speak a strange language called "ch'ti" in local parlance, and "cheutimi" in the South. He has to spend his first night at the home of Antoine, a co-worker of his.
Philippe initially dislikes Antoine for his obnoxious behavior and because he initially thinks Antoine is gay he found photographs of Antoine dressed as a woman, but they were taken during a carnival party and Antoine admits to doing more than dressing as a woman during that time. However, Antoine and Philippe later become best friends. Il obtient des nains la permission d'emporter le cercueil. Le prince lui demande sa main. Elle aimerait aussi jouer avec Pom, Flore et Alexandre: Mais que se passe-t-il donc aujourd'hui?
Ce qu'ils font volontiers. Et lorsque les habitants de la maison ce sont trois ours! The film consists of over 50 short scenes, usually featuring two characters - occasionally three or just one. Il entend bien retrouver son rang. Pour cela, un seul moyen: Roland Pignault et Fred Campoy. Mais par quel bout commencer? On cherche un indice, une majuscule, un point. La traduction d'un calligramme n'est pas chose facile non plus. Une fois que l'on commence la lecture, on suit un sens, mais est-ce le bon?
Est-ce que la forme vue est porteuse de sens? Puis, l'air triste, il ajoute que ses parents se disputaient souvent August 1 of each year, many families are camping at Blue Waves, in Arcachon, on the Atlantic coast. Barbecues, thongs, pastis, volleyball encounter with naturists, are of course part of the baggage of the campers. Escapist desires to Shogun the local disco are pressing. Once again this reunion could have been nice if this year does not accumulate unforeseen.
Une vraie vie de cow-boys en perspective…. The actions of the French in their invasion and occupation of Egypt in , led and commanded by General Napoleon Bonaparte, would have resounding effects upon Europe and the Orient in the immediate and enduring ages. Mais pas pour longtemps!
Seigneur de la guerre. Several years after leaving the orphanage where her father abandoned her, a young Gabrielle Chanel finds herself working in a provincial bar. She is both a seamstress for the performers and a singer, earning the nickname 'Coco' from the song she sings nightly with her sister.
Coco falls in love with English businessman Arthur Capel American Alessandro Nivola, who learnt French especially for the film , unaware that he is betrothed to a woman in England. Capel believes in Coco's talent making hats and her refusal to follow the whims of fashion; as he says to Coco, "There's no one else like you". As Coco's business flourishes and life is going well, Capel dies in a car accident; she is devastated. However, Coco still has the business that Capel helped her start as a reminder of their love. Paris , Coco Chanel is devoted to her work and madly in love with the handsome and very wealthy Arthur 'Boy' Capel.
Coco attends the premiere and is mesmerised. But the revolutionary work is too modern, too radical: Now rich, respected and successful, Coco is devastated by Boy Capel's death. She meets Stravinsky again - now a penniless refugee living in exile in Paris after the Russian Revolution, The attraction between them is immediate and electric.
Coco offers Stravinsky the use of her new villa in Garches, so that he will be able to work, and he moves in straight away, with his children and consumptive wife. And so a passionate, intense love affair between two creative giants begins. Igor s'y installe, avec ses enfants et sa femme. After being fired from a restaurant, he becomes worried about the birth of his child and decides to get any job he can despite his passion for haute cuisine.
After accepting a job as a painter, he makes friends with the establishment's cooks and helps them improve their menu. These improvements eventually reach the ears of Alexandre Lagarde Jean Reno , who is also in a precarious situation: If he cannot achieve this, the place will lose a star from its rating and Stanislas Matter Julien Boisselier will convert it into a molecular kitchen, with Alexandre and all the cooks losing their jobs. Jacky initially rejects the offer to work with Alexandre, because the position is an unpaid internship, but after hesitation, he accepts.
The next day, both Jacky and Alexandre start cooking together but as soon as they begin, Jacky's finickiness and Alexandre's stubbornness leads to an argument that results in Jacky being fired. Le Niger est l'un des plus grands fleuves d'Afrique. A painter returns from Paris to his childhood home in rural France. The painter notices that the house's once-impressive vegetable garden has fallen into neglect, and he hires a local gardener to put it back into shape. The gardener appears to be a former schoolmate. The painter discovers bucolic side of life and its beauty. Over the next several months, the two different men become friends through long conversations.
Through the eyes of each other, they experience the world in a new light. The gardener's occasional stomach cramps is identified as cancer and soon he passes away. The painter takes what his friend has given him and shares a part of it through an art exhibition. The analysis will focus on two novels that open and close this ensemble, Lourdes and Paris.
Would media exist without Literature? As the digital world is reinventing itself, the current issue emphasizes the role of literature in the construction of our media. At the same time, the hybridation of our digital contemporaneity encourages us to rethink the capacity of the media to reinvent themselves reciprocally, renewing the order of the speech and the function of Literature. Because of its capacity to testify the heterogeneity of the media universe, Literature offers a fertile ground—where everything is yet to be done—to take on such a research.
Fragmento traducido por Odile Bouchet. Fragment traduit par Odile Bouchet. Can the young man of today visualize the impossible dialogue of Kafka with his father? However, does that not open up a restructuring of his figure? The English paediatrician and psychoanalyst Donald W. However, is this structuring enough?
Does this not open up an era lacking references? Mais cela est-il assez structurant? This contribution aims to introduce a theoretical and conceptual framework on which focuses a PhD project. The research emphasizes on high school choices from non-migrant parents living in the Montreal area. Relying primarily on the work of Bourdieu, this project aims to identify the role of cultural capital in school choice during the primary-secondary transition.
Educational policies, school choice, education, educational market, transition, mothers. Ha publicado una veintena de libros, en gallego y castellano. Urco, el perro del mar tiene algo de cuento de terror. En Galicia se perciben los aparecidos, los fantasmas, estos perros al acecho, y el mar es como un arsenal de misterios. El relato tiene algo de historia de terror. Currently, she analysed the autism controversies and the role of the associations of parents and of patients.
A questo punto, risulta chiara la posizione cinica di Foucault: On comprend finalement la position cynique de Michel Foucault: Time and memory, irreducible couple at the foundation of the studies of medieval letters led by Michel Zink, are revisited in this book during the closing lesson delivered on February 10, The analysis of founding narratives pre-existing to each community and giving in question the very notion of historical truth, where each story implies the possibility of another, or the conception of poetry as a narrative, that of the past in order to tell, to put in writing, the memory of the present are all reasons that motivate the study of medieval literature.
This is what the author will try to at least remind us, if not to show us at the end of the reading. In this way, we will see how these new devices structure the idea of the network, a new concept thought up by Saint-Simon at the beginning of the nineteenth century. Phone, gramophone, French literature, nineteenth century, network, voice. Lee is a journalist of United Daily News, a Chinese newspaper, and interested in Taiwan-China relationship and national defense affairs. Both sides of Taiwan Strait confront from Cold War till now. In Taiwan, majority people intent to keep staus quo.
But situations of Taiwan Strait connected national interest of major powers, for example United States and Japan. It is impossible to solve this problem in the foreseeable future, except war. For a few decades now, and mainly in the past twenty years, Europe has been under construction. The process aims at creating a bind between people who live in Europe, a feeling of belonging to a political, social, economic community.
With a strong desire, however, to preserve the existence of multiple cultures and identites. The question of how Europe should be built emerges in each and every field of human existence and activity. When it comes to European citizenship and intercultural values education critical thinking, curiosity, respect, solidarity and others , construction of communicative skills is often cited as a value that should be developed. Christos Chrissopoulos is a novelist, essayist and translator. He was born in Athens and is among the most prolific young prose writers on the Greek literary scene.
Since , he has collaborated with the visual artist Diane Neumaier on several art projects. Their exhibition Encounters was held at the Reykjavik Museum of Art in and the corresponding catalogue was published in Christos has been featured in many anthologies of contemporary Greek fiction and writes regularly on literary theory. His work appears in five languages. He was an Iowa Fellow in He has built his novel The Destruction of the Parthenon upon this story, combining history with the contemporary nnd fiction with documentation.
The most recent book by Christos Chryssopoulos Une lampe entre les dents. Une lampe entre les dents. If UNESCO was to think about peace without including politicians in its organization, it would only aim at a mere concept of peace. On the opposite, should a peace be built without any thinking, it would only be peace by compromises, a pragmatic approach of peace in which means would justify the ends. More important, it would be risking an unfair peace, a peace that would be no more than a no-war situation, whereas all peaces are not necessarily good. Two phenomenons kept my attention: Although we could expect that television, as it pretends, would build a perfect broadcast, the new narration ways lead us to a surprising result: Since the 19th century, but especially during the 20th century, a lot of theories about urban space have emerged, recognizing the capacity of the latter to produce subjects.
In other words, those theories — that one can find in the work of Le Corbusier, Lewis Mumford, Henri Lefebvre or Guy Debord — have tried to pinpoint a link between the organization of urban space and a specific type of mentality. Presenting those theories, this article aims to show that it is possible to consider the modern city itself as an apparatus, and to present the consequences of that consideration on the orientation of collective action.
Quel relais est-il pour les revendications des travailleuses? Although both books share the same principle —narrating films—, I will show that they are in fact very different in the way they envision the relationship between literature and film: Et, avant tout, pour parler du cadre de ce livre, le nationalisme chinois. Ce premier texte date de This article aims at clarifying the differences between the Kuomintang, the Chinese national party based on Taiwan, tempted by conditional unification with China, and the DPP, the indigenous pro-Taiwan party.
After showing how these two parties share a basic common understanding of the Republic of China on Taiwan as being a sovereign entity, this paper shows where are the true lines of demarcation between the two political forces: The article questions the reasons behind the obvious diminished importance of the national identity debate in the elections, and shows that the vote for Ma Ying-jeou, in just as in , is not equivalent to a vote for China, nor to a vote for unification.
Last, it tries to understand what are the reasons that led swing voters, who hesitated until the last moment, to finally decide to give a second mandate to a President that is not anymore popular, and who is generally not considered by most of them as being very competent. One can find in the letters a characteristic way of the romantic time to get bored and to say it.
The analysis of the role of boredom in their epistolary writing brings me to sketch a picture of a boredom which is connoted both negatively and positively. This negatively connoted boredom becomes historically marked when it is viewed as the romantic rejection of a society perceived as superficial, and the conviction that only true love is worthwhile.
Boredom would then be a feeling which the sensitive individual could not avoid. Austin first characterized the notion of performative utterance and thus opens the way for the study of speech acts.
After Austin, Searle proposes to consider the performative in a more contextual way while Derrida reinterprets the idea of performative in terms of iterability, which renews the notion of performative. Unavoidable with Butler and then with all the Gender Studies, performativity must not be reduced to a theatrical performance of gender nor be totally excluded from that field either.
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Moreover, Parker and Sedgwick propose a new way of thinking together performative and performance that need to be compared with some recent considerations on the active role of spectator. Most French scholars tend to oppose the swedish model of immigration to the french one as they are thought to handle the otherness of the other in opposite ways. These two distinct models are thought to call forth the well established distinction between the traditional communitarian approach to otherness and the individual universal one. The French model is therefore seen as stressing the right of the individual irrespective of the right of the groups whereas the Swedish model is depicted as promoting the rights of communities before those of individuals.
This distinction is appealing at first sight since it provides an insight into the global frame of reference for Swedish and French policies handling the otherness of the others. It fails however to highlight the similarities between immigration and integration policies of the two countries as well as the increasing convergence that has been taking place since the s. While Sweden mitigated its multiculturalism to promote an integration policy, France departed from its universalistic stance in order to better address the issue of cultural diversity.
Hence, differences between the two countries have been dramatically reduced despite some enduring peculiarities. This investigation hence aims at paving the way for future fruitful comparisons between policies related to otherness in the two countries. This article examines how the relationship between fictionality and referentiality has evolved since the beginning of the s, from a double perspective which combines two disciplines that rarely cross paths: The analogical model allows a better understanding of the hybridity of interpretative practices resulting from the frequent use of social media platforms, whose discourses frequently escape current generic classifications.
The following interview was made with Michel Crozier in December With a strong reputation in the academic world, he imported the sociology of organizations from the United States. He taught this field to numerous student generations. In , he founded in Paris the Centre of sociology of organizations. Since forty years, he has been criticizing the irrelevant beliefs of the French society and has been calling for an enlightened pragmatism.
That is a shore against the great sea,. You had to climb over the ruins of the stairs that used to go from the fountain of Saint-Aubert, with the conic trunnion, all the way to the low gate of the Montgommeries; you were obliged to push aside the thick brush at the same spot where the 98 Huguenots were buried, killed on the night of 28 and 29 September Our Saint turning towards the four points of the heavens blessed the plains, and the snow disappeared […] The Druid now brought darkness over the plains; but was unable to remove it.
Patrick prayed to the Lord, and immediately a bright sun dispelled the darkness—second victory over the enemy. Patrick They wondered at the appearance of the clerics, and imagined they were fir-sidhe, or phantoms. They questioned Patrick, 'Whence are you, and whither sic have you come? Is it from the sidhe?
Are you gods? Is it under the earth, or on the earth, or in the seas, or in the streams, or in hills, or in valleys? Has He sons or daughters? Has He gold and silver? Is there a profusion of every good in His kingdom. Tell us plainly how we shall see Him, and how He is to be loved, and how He is to be found. Is He young or old, or is He ever-living?
Is He beautiful, or have many fostered His son, or is His daughter handsome, and dear to men of the world? Patrick, full of the Holy Spirit, responded: 'Our God is the God of all, the God of heaven and earth, the God of the seas and the rivers, the God of the sun and the moon, and of all the other planets;  the God of the high hills and the low valleys; God over heaven, in heaven, and under heaven ; and He has a mansion— i.
He inspireth all things, He quickeneth all things, He enkindleth all things; He giveth light to the sun and to the moon. He created fountains in the dry land, and placed dry islands in the sea, and stars to minister to the greater lights. He hath a Son co-eternal and co-equal with Himself; and the Son is not younger than the Father, nor is the Father older than the Son.
And the Holy Ghost are not divided. I desire moreover to unite you to the Son of the heavenly King, for ye are daughters of an earthly king. Teach us duly that we may see the Lord face to face —teach us, and we will do as you will say to us. Patrick said, 'Do you believe that through baptism the sin of your mother and your father shall be put away from you? And  Patrick said to them,' You cannot see Christ except that you first taste death, and unless you receive the body of Christ, and His blood.
This beautiful passage delineates the faith and zeal of our Saint, as well as the grace and unction attached to his preaching, while on the other hand, it unfolds the beautiful simplicity of the youthful princesses, and the wondrous effect of God's efficacious grace upon their hearts and souls. Patrick Whilst our Saint preached and baptized at Cashel, the prince Aengus stood by his side; and the sharp point of the crozier […] pierced his foot from which the blood flowed most copiously; the fervent convert bore the pain in silence; and when St.
His saying is so good that with those Gratzachams his cauldron shall be brought back to him. Note: See 21 9 a. Patrick God sometimes gives to his great Servants while on earth, a foretaste of the joys of heaven. Hence, we are not surprised that extraordinary, heavenly signs and prodigies are recorded to have taken place at the death of our Saint. On the 17th of March, in the year , at the age of , amid the sweet songs of the Angels, and a supernatural light from heaven, St. Patrick, the Apostle of Ireland, breathed forth his pure soul into the hands of his Creator.
Note: FW Patrick [St Patrick at Lerins] the night he usually divided into three parts. During the first part he recited a hundred Psalms, making at the same time two hundred genuflections. This entry was later used at FW Note: Not found in Kinane St. Compare the citations at c and g for example. See also 36 a. One of the first pages of this history was written on the gross canvas of the Bayeux Tapestry. This is the fragment in which we see Harold and William, both of them passing the sanctuary of the Archangel, before warring against Conan, duke of Brittany.
The Mont appears, on the canvas of queen Mathilda, massive and already colossal with Romanesque arcades. It is no longer the culmen contemplationis of the ancient chronicles, we can imagine the fortress. We feel that, caught between hammer and anvil, between Brittany and a Normandy where a duchy will grow into a kingdom, it will undergo countless attacks, receive but also give hard blows.
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Ce registre a disparu. One of the great monastic builders of the Mont , he shares with Robert the glory of being also its great librarian. He bought numerous volumes and in order to classify the hundred of property titles of the monastery in orderly and methodical fashion, he created himself a register that was called Quanandrier or Rented Paper, with another book that was called the White book because of the colour of its cover and in which he had transcribed all the originals of the donations to the abbey.
The latter register has disappeared. He is the architect of the Cartulary. The Cartulary is situated in the North-West conrner of the Merveille: it consists of the three small rooms on top of each other: the first alone is vaulted; the cloister, in its western part, leads unto the second floor of this rather small room. At the moment the cartulary that tourists do not have access to, forms a museum at the top floor where some objects are assembled that were discovered during the repair works.
Note: Muniment room is one of the senses of the French word chartrier cartulary. It can also designate the contents of this room, i.
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The first I opened turned out to be ancient manuscripts on vellum, of a careful writing and more or less well conserved; some of them had gold and illuminated initials; in a few others this gold had aroused the greed of the idle or of children: it had been cut out by means of a pair of scissors. The ordinary writing had tempted nobody and it had suffered no other wounds than those of time. We passed several hours in repairing them and to make an inventory and we found the precious Cartulary which we had feared lost.
Note: Cog. To falsify or feign; to flatter; to wheedle. Fiat in Domino! Let it be in the Lord. Perhaps short for Fiat in nomine Domini. Let it be, in the name of the Lord. Fiat, Fiat in Domino. Note: See 53 o. New gods of another origin, social gods, we could say, have taken the most important role. The reason may be that, no more than those of ancient Latium , the gods of Gaul had a clearly defined personality.
They were conceived as vague spirits, abstract powers of physical phenomena, more or less conventional geniuses of social groups. They had neither face nor body. The brenn who pillaged Delphi laughed a lot, it seems, at the idea that men of marble or bronze could represent the gods of the Greeks. Neither did he understand that one could imagine being able to lock up divinity in the cella of a temple. In its very vagueness, the conception that the Gauls had of their gods was vaster vaster and more grandiose than the imagination of the Greeks.
Le feu consume le tout. It is there that they decided the common business of the land. After these meetings, general or local, the judge became priest again. For the health of the city or the nation he made solemn sacrifices. Immense wicker mannequins were filled with live men, preferably criminals, but when they did not have any, innocent people.
The fire killed them all. It was in the oak woods that they had their sanctuaries and they did not do their sacred rites without oak leaves. They believed that the appearance of the mistletoe reveals the presence of the god of the tree on which it grows. When they found it on an oak, they cut it with great ceremonies. They chose the sixth day of the moon because they believed that on that day the star possesses all its vigour and it has not completed half of its journey.
Under the sacred tree they prepare a banquet and a sacrifice; they bring two white steers whose horns have not yet carried a yoke. A priest in a white robe climbs the tree: with a golden sickle he cuts it and the mistletoe is caught in a white sheet. The druids then kill the victims while asking the god that the mistletoe may bring happiness to all to whom he has given it. Also they confided the education of their children to the druids, even of those not destined to become priests.
In each city and maybe also in centers away from the cities, the druids led real scholastic establishments. They are the masters who shape the youth of Gaul. The education they give consists of the learning by heart by the pupils of a great number of verses. Aengus divides the Irish Saints into three classes. The first class, extending from the year to , begins with St.
Patrick, and numbers Saints, all bishops and founders of Churches. Patrick; one Mass; one mode of celebration; one tonsure from ear to ear. The second class, extending from the year to , counts Saints. The third class, extending from the year to , numbers Saints, comprising bishops, priests, and laymen.
Patrick [St Aengus] wrote five books on the Saints of Ireland [ In the whole island, sometimes there were only a few bishops, and they concealed in their hiding-places ; the priests, who succeeded to land in Ireland from the Continent, travelled through the country in disguise, preparing the dying, encouraging the living, and not unfrequently sealing their faith in their blood; our Cathedrals were converted into Protestant conventicles, and no church or chapel left through the land.
Patrick 4: Approbations Owing to continuous absence from home for a lengthened period, I could not acknowledge your kind letter and thank you for your gift earlier. In danger from the sea. Many of them were sick or crippled; that is why, in a quite large circle around Mont-Saint-Michel , hospitals, leproseries and poor houses had been erected. These hospitals, usually administered by clerics, could not shelter all who asked for help. The deplorable hygienic conditions in which the pilgrims live, contaminated the land.
Leprosy especially ravaged the land and the leper houses where the unfortunates were treated, for better or worse, were always full. Note: It. Note: See j. Les bords de celle ouverture sont un peu amincis, lisses au dehors comme au-dedans. Footnote  The head of saint Aubert is preserved still at the basilica of Saint-Gervais in Avranches. Tradition has it that the archangel saint Michael, while appearing to saint Aubert, put his finger in the skull of the the bishop who did listen to his commands.
This curious relic shows us that the bone of the skull and of the face are still attached. The rims of the opening are a bit thinner, smooth outside as inside. Nothing in the periphery of the opening, neither in the length of the bone, shows the action of an instrument, the application of something biting or corrosive. Everything is mooth as if this opening had been made without violence and a long time befor the death of the subject.
We can neither assume that this opening was the result of the application of a trephine of which it does not show the form. This miraculous water was sold in bottles to the pilgrims. Je les ai vus bien souvent passer en troupes. Blatter, For the most part these were children of 13 years old. They sang canticles to Saint Michael and before them went a flag with an image of the archangel.
I have often seen them pass in groups. These strange movements have been carefully analysed by different authors from beyond the Rhine. Janssen found in these episodes the old habit of the Germans to run across the world, the currendi libido? Currendi libido. Desire to run. The ideal lasts only for a time. Archives du Calvados , mai ; Certificats. Archives du Calvados , May ; Certificates. Le Mont Saint-Michel inconnu Parmi ces poissons, mulets, bars, plies, soles, esturgeons, maquereaux, etc. It has been claimed but we have not been able to find definite proof of the fact that before salmon was so common in the country that domestics in the farms on the Normandy coast forced on their masters when they applied for a position the condition not to have them eat salmon more than three times a week.
Huynes, destroyed the church: all the bells were molten; the roods of the sleeping quarters and the other dwellings were burned and the coals, which fell on the town, did not leave a single house intact. It seemed impossible to rebuild such a magnificent monastery, burnt five times already, and that it was a clear sign that God did not like such splendid buildings. It carries the arms of the abbey and that of the Benedictines of the Congregation of Saint-Maur. Fleming St Patrick viii: The fifth Life, written by Probus, an Irish monk who died in Meyence in the year , is considered to be an amended version of St.
Fleming St Patrick Probus states that St. Patrick, after he fled from Ireland , landed at Bordeaux Brotgalum. Le Mont Saint-Michel inconnu Its tonnage was no more than 50; Kyde had also chartered a whaler of 31 tonnage; these two ships had 13 armed men and 56 archers and sailors. One was called The Trinity; she had been brought from Orwell England by Gautier Dubois; its weight wqs 80, it took 29 sailors in defense and in crew.
Wichelsea had armed Le George and maybe The Trinity too, with 20 men captain included. Granville had armed a vessel that belonged to Damours le Bouffi; it had a tonnage of 15, with 17 sailors and soldiers on board. Note : Perhaps inspired by the Homeric list of ships of the English fleet on page , on their way to fight the French in , from which the above quotation is taken. But see l. Maclovii pardis dat vulnera cancer in vadis. Il contient, en effet. The paragraph ends like this:. Au total une garnison de.
Every armed man was accompanied by a page and a courtier; two archers had one servant. So when at a certain date it is claimed that 20 armed men were at Tombelaine, that means the following:. A total garrison of … men. Knox and the Reformation. Note: Knoxite. Presumably a follower of John Knox c. The orthographic shift of the names its frequent when it involves the transcription of foreign names.
These prisoners were men of renown. Norman Lesley was, we know, one of the most distinguished champions of the Scottish Reformation. In Lesley, at the head of a small group of fifteen men, butchered cardinal Beaton at the castle of Saint Andrew and locked himself in the fortress he had just taken with Knox, the great Scottish reformer. Note: Pelham or Adventures of a Gentleman. Novel by Bulwer Lytton, published See VI. Four years before the Stapleton was jailed, there entered in the prison of the mount, the gazetteer Victor de la Castagne, better known under the name of Dubourg, originally from Espalion.
The prisoner died voluntarily of hunger on 26 August He had arrived on the Mont in September ; he was detained for a little less than a year and not thirty as some authors have claimed. He was held on the Mont for several years. He was a writer, less famous for his work than for his bad luck. It is true that it was baptized Free Mount and later Villefranche. From to it can be said that The superior administration was plagued by complaints of all kinds.
The doctors were ignorant, the chaplain was treated as a monster in soutane, the director was barbaric tyrant and a uniformed Nero. Especially the chaplain was vilified. He is known as a greedy man, without faith, bad, false; he is dirty as a comb and uglier than the ugliest of monkeys. He is the one who thought up the iron bars that have turned our cells into iron cages. Note: See o and h. They were no more than latrines or else mass graves. We understand that the besieged could not throw beyond the ramparts the bodies of those who had died inside the Mont , monks or soldiers.
They were made to disappear in hidden holes that the political passions had transformed into abominable in pace! Note: See l - n. A book or table in which the places of the heavenly bodies and other astronomical matters are tabulated in advance for each day of a certain period; an astronomical almanac see OED. Le Mont Saint-Michel inconnu Dans ce manuscrit, chaque mois commence par un vers? Il indique les jours funestes de chaque mois. It indicates the unlucky days of each month. Orphreys: gold embroidery, or any rich embroidery. To this day tourists, admiring and credulous people, are shown a very beautiful tower, called the Guet Tower.
But historical truth does not agree for the excellent reason that the Guet Tower was built under Robert Jolivet, between and It is enough to look at the tower once to recognize the building methods of the fifteenth century. But Tiphaine died in Dinan in , i. In any case, to us the date seems very questionable. His name was Geoffroy of Servon, a name based, undoubtedly, on a small parish at approximately three leagues from Mont Saint-Michel which had as its lords the noble lineage of the Foulques Paynel. Note: In VI. Note: See h. The girls from Landerneau. Who smells like thyme and white roses?
The girls of Lesneven]. Not found in Myrdhinn. Myrdhinn : Prophetiae desiderantur. Note: This is the single occurrence of the word in the book. Prophetiae desiderantur. Prophets are wanted. Myrdhinn trois hommes vraiment saints cherchent Merlin pour le convertir [ He is seated on a black horse, his coat is black, his hair is black, his face is black and he is black all over. Merlin recognised Colombanus, the great doctor of the Irish church ]. Fleming St Patrick St. Patrick in the year moved onward to a place called Druim-Sailech, or the Field of Sallows, but afterwards called Armagh , on account of its eminence.
Il accourut. Feeling that she was close to the end, although her fortieth spring had not yet blossomed, she called Geoffroy de Servon to her side. He came. Six hours was enough to go from the Mont to Dinan. He consoled her with pious words and these evoked, one can be sure, quite a few memories of Mont Saint-Michel; then the abbot gave lady Duguesclin the last sacraments and the rather mystical soul of the fairy lady escaped from her gentle body and flew away into eternity through the ethereal spaces in which the worlds rotate. Two days later, Geoffroy officiated pontifically at the church of Saint-Saviour in Dinan and his voice trembled, surely from emotion, when he gave the last blessing; in the end the convoy went, slowly, towards the convent of the Jacobins and the coffin disappeared soon in the dark caves of the chapel.
When he had discarded his priestly vestments, the good abbot certainly lavished consolations on the unfortunate constable. These were undoubtedly eloquent and persuasive: a few months later Duguesclin married Jeanne de Laval. Note: See 20 c. Duguesclin married his second wife, Jeanne de Laval, in Ils en furent pour leurs frais. The monks wanted from the bishop the privilege of being able to hear confession of everybody who came to them; they started negotiations with the bishop of Avranches for that purpose and it was during these that they offered him this beautiful fish.
It was in vain. So they made a pun on his name: they called him Rodomont. Married to Isabeau de la Tiral who was, after his death, dame of Ducey, he had four boys and four girls. He wsa beheaded in , but the sentence of villenage against his children was never executed. His elder son, Gabriel II, married to Suzanne de Boucquetot with whom he had five sons and a daughter, was a terrible enemy of the Mont.
We know that he failed to take the abbey-fortresse by guile on the night of 29 and 30 August Any person who was vindictive, unjust, impious or cruel, was immediately likened by the people to Montgommery, so much that one ceased to distinguish between the members of the family. No difference was made between Jacques and the two Gabriels. The legend represented him as ceasely roaming the Normandy coast, from Coutances to Pontorson. Not a single castle that he did not visit every month; he tried to spend counterfeit money in Tombelaine; at night he traveled with a horse shod backwards to confuse those who attempted to follow him, he arrested pilgrims who were late; having become the devil himself, as soon as he was on horseback, he martyred poor priests whom he forced to say sacrilegious masses in his parishes of Chasseguay, Cormeray and de Ducey.
Rien pour les autres, tout pour lui. Note: Cyrographum. Note : L. Litis divisio. The division of a legal argument. See reproduction: there is a zigzagging line between the two words, representing the perforation between the cheque and the stub. It carries thus in itself the proof its mendacity.
These frauds are not rare; mostly they derive from an excessive love on the part of the monks for their monastery; the older the abbey or the priory, the greater its glory; so the forgers wanted to help the descendants of the donors to regain the goods that had been given by their ancestors. Finally in Hampshire he held from the king one hide and the tithing for the manor of Basinguestoches, today Basingtoke. Note: Hide. Old English measure of land, the equivalent of acres, variously defined as sufficient to support a family, or as much as could be ploughed in one year.
Pigeon had wanted to place the old Hotel des Monnaies. At the bottom of the hole, carved into the granite, one found two or three metal ingots. The sign this was the name of any object of metal, jewel, figure or medal was worn attached to a beret. Most of the images were molten in slate or Munich stone molds.
See h. Note: Breton. The mouth of a river. It is used in geography to designate a narrow valley invaded by the sea. The Normans themselves, so proud to have on their marine land the expression was coined by the troubadour Wace the eighth wonder of the world, have long realized that the bay belongs more to the Bretons than to their own province.
Note: Gauger, gouger. Dublin slang. A cadger, a chancer, a scoundrel. Today no more smugglers with sacks that contain more subterfuge and malice than salt, powder or tobacco. What do you have there? Du dernier bien. One says euphemistically that a man is du dernier bien with a woman to express the fact that he is her lover. It is generally believed that this is the identical bell of the Saint to which allusion is made in the ancient Irish records.
Boulogne-sur-Mer St. Fiacc states that the Apostle of Ireland was born at Nemthur—Nemthur, as all commentators agree, is not the name of a town, but of a tower. From the days of Julius Caesar, Portus Ictius, or the harbour of Boulogne , was the port from which the Roman troops sailed to Britain , and the harbour to which they steered on their return.
The very fact that King Niall made use of this harbour when he raided Armorica in the twenty-seventh year of his reign, makes it likely that he sailed into the same harbour when first invading that country [ Note: See p , c , e. This was the founding act of the Swiss Confederation. Note: This entry is written to the right of k and m. Old Fr. Hart The more common meaning is noose or hanging, but it originally meant a thin branch, hence, in dialect, a whip Fr. So this could either be a linguistic note or refer to the two penalties of hanging and whipping.
Croix du Fief. Cross of the fief: the name of a square in Saint Malo. Note: Hiberno English. Spy Wednesday. The Wednesday before Easter. Herpin ] [the ancient cross of the Fief, which disappeared during the Revolution. This cross used to stand, outside of the walls and in the port, in a little island of rough stones that served as a pedestal. It was a symbol of the jurisdiction of the common lordship of the Bishop and the Chapter of Saint-Malo. Herpin ]. Note: The double cross is also known as the Lorraine cross. Faire venir de tels blocs de granit de si loin! No-one today know their history; no human strength has been able to set them up; only the power of the spirit was able to raise them.
So this is what I propose: go and get them, and set them up here in the same order as they are there. No more suitable monument can be built to honour our warriors, none will last this long. Hearing Merlin speak like this, the king could not help smiling. To make such blocks of granite travel such a distance!
These stones are really mysterious. The water that is poured by the heavens in their cavities closes wounds and gives sight to blind eyes. At their feet grow plants that have thousands of good uses. It has been like this for a long time, ever since the giants who brought these stones from deepest Africa and placed them in a circle in Ireland , just as they had been in their own country.
The king gave them his brother Uter as their commander; the boats were soon ready and they were seen travelling to Ireland , their sails filled by the wind, and Merlin standing at the bow of the leading ship. Myrdhinn n1: Tu quoque saepe veni, soror, o dilecta [Come you also often, sister, loved one. Note: P. Postmaster General. Note: Alternatively, this and the following unit may be associated with the Wireless Broadcasting Inquiry.
See the note for e. Post Master General J. Walsh was a key person in the scandal. Note: See. A down bed. Miscellanies At last, after a little hesitation as to whether he should wear cap and gown, which I decided he should, for this time only, not , Lexilogus was ready: and calling out on the staircase to some invisible Bed-maker, that his books should not be meddled with, we ran downstairs. I thought Don Quixote had put an end to all that long ago. Yes; and a handsome house withal—unless indeed you think the handsome Soul will fashion that about herself from within—like a shell—which, so far as her Top-storey, where she is supposed chiefly to reside, I think may be the case.
So, by the time he had beautified her within, it was too late to re-front her Outside, which had case-hardened , I suppose. Miscellanies Euphranor thought not. No, nor of any young Wordsworth neither under our diviner auspices. Miscellanies A Horn-Book gives of Ginger-bread;. And, that the Child may learn the better,.
As he can name, he eats the Letter. Note: Hornbook. For, as King Arthur shall bear witness, no young Edwin he, though, as a great Poet, comprehending all the [ ] softer stops of human Emotion in that Register where the Intellectual, no less than. Miscellanies Something to this effect I said, though, were it but for lack of walking breath, at no so long-winded a stretch of eloquence.
And so we went on, partly in jest, partly in earnest, drawing Philosophers of all kinds into the same net in which we had entangled the Poet and his Critic — How the Moralist who worked alone in his closet was apt to mismeasure Humanity, and be very angry when the cloth he cut out for him would not fit — how the best Histories were written.
They agreed with me; and we turn'd homeward. Miscellanies I then inquired about his own reading, which, though not much, was not utterly neglected, it seemed; and he said he had [ ] meant to ask one of us to beat something into his stupid head this summer in Yorkshire. Lexilogus, I knew, meant to stop at Cambridge all the long Vacation; but Euphranor said he should be at home, for anything he then knew, and they could talk the matter over when the time came.
We then again fell to talking of our County; and among other things I asked Phidippus if his horse were Yorkshire , of old famous for its breed, as well as of Riders, and how long he had had her, and so forth. Note: Plaister. Well, so I am fitted, — as Lycion is to be [ ] with one who can Valse through life with him. This has been written sideways in the right margin. I think I have observed they have grave, taciturn faces, especially when old, which they soon get to look. Is this from much wasting, to carry little Flesh — and large — Responsibility? JJA II. Durum et durum non faciunt murum.
Hard and hard i. Miscellanies … took his degree in , at Trinity College Cambridge; a year after was ordained deacon, and entered on the curacy of Allington in Lincolnshire, where he continued till , when he went to reside at Trowbridge, in Wiltshire, to which Rectory his father had just been presented by the Duke of Rutland.
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Miscellanies His Father dying, and carrying with him what pension he had from Mr. Et le temps. And the time. Fair violet! Answer us—Whither art thou gone? Ever thou wert so still, and faint,. And fearing to be look'd upon. We cannot say that one hath died,. Who wont to live so unespied,. But crept away unto a stiller spot,. Where men may stir the grass, and find thee not. Note: Hypped. Affected with hypochondria, depressed. Miscellanies I have no very acute pain, a skeely doctor, a good nurse, kind solicitous friends, a remission of the worst pain of my desk hours—so why should I fret?
Note: Skeely. Skilled, skilful. The word survives chiefly in Scottish and Northern dialect. A young man, especially a fashionable one. A child. Miscellanies But nowhere was he more amiable than is some of those humbler meetings — about the fire in the keeping-room at Christmas, or under the walnut tree in summer. Note: Keeping-room. A sitting-room or parlour. Miscellanies He was content with a poem so long as it was good in the main, without minding those smaller beauties which go to make up perfection — content with a letter that told of health and goodwill, with very little other news — and content with a friend who had the average virtues and accomplishments of men, without being the faultless monster which the world never saw, but so many are half their lives looking for.
Apocryphal New Testament [Jesus] turned to the apostles — to me Peter and John — and said that Mary should appear to them again. I will bring her unto you arrayed in this body. Apocryphal New Testament But [the Jews] being yet more inflamed in spirit went unto the governor, crying out and saying: The nation of the Jews is destroyed because of this woman [the Virgin Mary]: drive thou her away from Bethlehem and from the province of Jerusalem. But the governor was astonied at the wonders and said unto them: I will not drive her out from Bethlehem nor from any other place.
Apocryphal New Testament And it came to pass after that sound that the sun and the moon appeared about the house, and an assembly of the first-begotten saints came unto the house where the mother of the Lord lay, for her honour and glory. And I saw many signs come to pass, blind receiving sight, deaf hearing, lame walking, lepers cleansed, and them that were possessed of unclean spirits healed. And every one that was under any sickness or disease came and touched the wall where she lay, and cried: Holy Mary, thou didst bear Christ our God, have mercy on us.
And forthwith they were cured. C prefers John. Apocryphal New Testament When therefore the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ for the life of the whole world hung on the tree of the cross pierced with nails, he saw standing beside the cross his mother and John the evangelist, whom he more especially loved beyond the other apostles because he alone of them was a virgin in body. Unto him therefore he committed the charge of the holy Mary, saying to him: Behold thy mother; and to her: Behold thy son. From that hour the holy mother of God continued in the especial care of John so long as she endured the sojourn of this life.
And when the apostles had taken the world by their lots for preaching, she abode in the house of his parents beside the Mount of Olivet. Apocryphal New Testament And Paul came with them who was turned from the circumcision and taken with Barnabas to minister to the Gentiles. And when there arose among them a godly contention, which of them should first pray the Lord to show them the cause of their coming , and Peter exhorted Paul to pray first, Paul answered, saying: That is thine office, to begin first, since thou wast chosen of God to be a pillar of the church, and thou art before all in the apostleship: but me it befits not all all, for I am the least of all of you, and Christ was seen of me as of one born out of due time, neither presume I to even myself with you; yet by the grace of God I am what I am.
Apocryphal New Testament And he came near and kissed the bed, and forthwith all pain left him and his hands were made whole. Then began he to bless God greatly and to speak out of the books of Moses testimonies unto the praise of Christ, so that even the apostles themselves marvelled and wept for gladness, praising the name of the Lord.
But Peter said to him: Take this palm at the hand of our brother John, and go into the city and thou wilt find much people blinded; and declare unto them the mighty works of God, and whosoever believeth on the Lord Jesus Christ, lay this palm upon their eyes and they shall see: but whoso believe not shall continue blind. P asks to be 13 th judge. Apocryphal New Testament All the disciples except Thomas now arrived on clouds, and greeted her. Apocryphal New Testament On the Sunday at the third hour Christ came down with a host of angels and took the soul of his mother.
Such was the light and fragrance that all fell on their faces as at Mount Tabor and none could rise for an hour and a half. And the girdle with which the apostles had girt the body was thrown down to him; he took it and went to the valley of Josaphat. The girdle is the great relic of Prato ; and the prominence given to this incident is another indication that we have here a mediaeval Italian composition, not earlier, I imagine, than the thirteenth century.
Note: Chiliarch. The commander of a thousand men. He sent a chiliarch to Bethlehem with thirty men. The Spirit told the apostles to take Mary to Jerusalem. Meanwhile the chiliarch found nothing at Bethlehem , and the priests said this was due to magic. Apocryphal New Testament The apostles then asked the Lord to show them the place of torment, reminding him of his promise that on the day of the departure of Mary they should see it.
They were all taken on a cloud to the west. The Lord spoke to the angels of the pit, and the earth sprang upwards and they saw the pit. Mary and the apostles fell down and interceded for them. Michael spoke to them, telling them that at all the twelve hours of the day and of the night the angels intercede for creation. The angel of the waters intercedes for the waters. Here the fragment ends.
Seymour has elaborated the thesis, that this visit of the apostles to Hell was known in Ireland at an early date, and that the Irish form must be derived somehow from this Syriac text. Koant: Joli ou jolie. Kaer: Beau ou belle. Dogen: Cocu ou cocue. The word that falls on the last spike indicates the quality of the person that one will marry. Koant: Pretty. Kaer: Beautiful. Friponn: Mischievous. Dogen: Cheated. This is a small construction in the middle of which there is a wooden statue of the saint.
Young girls who want to marry that year come and stick a pin in the nose of the saint. Note: During the first world war there were wooden statues of Paul von Hindenburg all over Germany and people would nail money to them for war bonds. Note: In Hiiberno-English, a pattern is the feast-day of a patron saint.
As soon as the young girl agrees, the young gallant carries her umbrella and brings it to her; he does not take her arm unless he knows her very well. Note: 1. May 1. When a young man has really decided to marry a young girl, he goes to the house where she lives, late one night, aroun d eleven, when everybody is asleep.
The young man is accompanied by his father, or, when the latter is dead, by his closest relative. They knock at the door and say their names and then all the inhabitants of the house get dressed again and the door is opened for them. Without having to tell him explicitly, they make it clear that his request has not been granted. Of a jilted lover it is often said: He was served milk soup. When the rejection has to do with a preference of either the parents or the girl for another young man, the friends of the latter like to go out at night and hang near his house or not far from it a quite visible bouquet of flowers, a piece of cloth or a newspaper, which is called garlantez garland.
The passers-by seeing the garlantez will laugh at the rejected suitor, so he will immediately take it away when he sees it; but sometimes the friends of the rival have a more durable way of making known the misadventure to the passers-by: they sow barley chaff elez before the house or on the road that leads to it; it is impossible to remove the thousands of flakes from the soil and thus to hide the sign of the rejection of the young man of the house.
This is called lakaat an hano to give the name. It is interesting that only married women wear these mourning robes. MS bv, LPA: for the betterment of your mind. The meal is served on the ground between two rows of ladders. Revue des Traditions Populaires Farces pendant le repas. An Drezen. At the end of dinner, a plate on which there are bones is passed round.
It is covered with a napkin. Everyone will contribute; the total is announced by the holder of the plate who always doubles the amount. Revue des Traditions Populaires A Guerleskin, si une veuve se remarie, pendant toute la nuit de ses noces, les voisins lui font un charivari en frappant sur des chaudrons. If she is divorced, the noise may last up to eight nights in a row. To the left, Lower Brittany , on the right, Upper Brittany. He makes the claim with assurance, but with a vague sense of inferiority in terms of being a breton, of not having preserved the language still spoken by his brothers in Lower Brittany.
Revue de Bretagne Il y a encore en Haute-Bretagne quelques pardons. Waltzes and mazurkas, although becoming more popular, have not yet replaced them, because they are quite dull compared to the local dances that are full of movement, danced to the accompaniment of an accordion or, most often, a singing voice. In my father registered tales in the land of Gallo , and in the Breton speaking lands. They were a lot less costly than the caps in lace we see nowadays, they could be washed and, as a good lady of the Gallo region told me, if they needed ironing, you could just sit on them.
It must be built solidly. Wooden fellow. Note: Possibly a Battenberg cake, which is an oblong cake covered with almond paste, usually in two alternating colours of sponge, so that each cross-section shows a checkerwork pattern. Le vin, dont la couleur rappelle le sang, tachait, comme lui, le bois d'une empreinte pourpre Biscuit et bouteille de vin,.
Fais que sur mon bateau ne manque jamais le pain. The newly baptized has, like the child, a godmother and godfather. Around Paimpol the priest, with the help of the sexton and the choir sings the Te Deum , while godfather and godmother engage in a strange and probably very old practice:.
Translation of «cavale» into 25 languages
On top of the bow the piece of wood at the front of the ship between the keel and the front mast, five holes have been made beforehand, distributed in the form of a cross, in which they place pieces of consecrated bread, and then they plug each hole with a wooden peg; the singing of the Ave Maris Stella that follows this operation christianizes it in a way, and it is at this point that all those present are given cakes with sugar that have been baked for this special occasion by the woodfather and woodmother.
One side of these cakes forms a checkerboard and each person present is given one small square cut by the woodfather. In the old days the patron of the boat then performed a real pagan sacrifice: a black rooster was slaughtered on the bridge, the blood was then sprinkled on the boat in the hope of bringing it good luck, in the same way that on land it protected newly built buildings from evil. Around this custom survived in a lesser and more symbolic and civilized form. A bottle of wine replaced the rooster and the patron hit the boat with it. The wine, the colour of which is linked to the blood, also coloured the wood with a purple shine … The patron then crossed himself and crushed a bit of bisquit in the liquid in speaking this ritual formula:.
Bisquit and bottle of wine,. Make that on my ship there will always be enough bread. And that is the origin, even today, of the bottle of Champagne that is dashed against the largest ships at their official launch. In the old days, immediately after the different baptisms, the patron would go on land; his wife put a halter around his head and then took him home; he followed her obediently, like a sheep; he was not allowed to eat that night and went to bed without dinner. This is the very symbolical meaning of this strange custom; if the patron is the sovereign master on board, it is his wife who is master on land….
When the boat goes out fishing for the first time, he lets the whole fleet leave before he hoists the sails; on returning the crew buys a drink for the fisherman on board who brought the biggest catch; this first trip almost always ends with a great dinner. But if there is some damage, the ship is brought back to port and left there for eight days before it will go out a second time.
But all those precautions that used to be taken in order to enhance the chances of a lucky launch have now almost all disappeared. In any case new boats still get the Christian baptism and some of the pagan rites still exist, more or less in secret. But the habit of drinking to its health never fails to be followed …. Jun Jul I. Selected Essays There is not perhaps in existence a product of the human mind so extraordinary as the Irish annals. From a time dating for more than three thousand years before the birth of Christ, the stream of Hibernian history flows down uninterrupted, copious and abounding, between accurately defined banks, with here and there picturesque meanderings, here and there flowers lolling on those delusive waters, but never concealed in mists or lost in a marsh.
Note: Dislimn. The opposite of limn: to efface something limned , to obliterate. Selected Essays Romances and poems supplied the great blocks with which the fabric was reared. These the chroniclers fitted into their places, into the interstices pouring shot-rubbish , and grouting. The bardic intellect, revolving round certain material facts, namely, the mighty barrows of their ancestors, produced gradually a vast body of definite historic lore, life-like kings and heroes, real-seeming queens. The mechanical intellect followed with perspicuous arrangement, with a thirst for accuracy, minuteness, and verisimilitude.
With such quarrymen and such builders the work went on apace, and anon a fabric huge rose like an exhalation, and like an exhalation its towers and pinnacles of empurpled mist are blown asunder and dislimn. Selected Essays Eocha of the heavy sighs , how shall we certify or how deny the existence of that melancholy man, or of Tiernmas, who introduced the worship of fire? Lara of the ships , did he really cross the sea to Gaul, and return thence to give her name to Leinster, and beget Leinster kings? Ugainey More, did he rule to the Torrian sea, holding sea-coast towns in fee, or was he a prehistoric shadow thrown into the past from the stalwart figure of Niall of the Hostages?
Was Morann a real Brehon, or fabulous as the collar that threatened to strangle him in the utterances of unjust judgments? He, and his successors in the office of Chief Justice wore a collar of gold, which would choke the wearer if he was about to give an unjust decision. Note: See d. Selected Essays There, too, at one time, the same phantasmagoria prevailed, real-seeming warriors thundered, kings glittered, kerds wrought, harpers harped, chariots rolled.
Note: See also g. Selected Essays there the Queen Ceasair and her comrades, pre-Noachian wanderers; there Fintann, who lived on both sides of the great flood , and roamed the depths when the world was submerged; there Partholanus and his ill-starred race. Note: Ir. Various evolving meanings include a walled enclosure, fortress, dwelling; a monastic enclosure; a fortified city. Selected Essays We see the stone cist with its great smooth flags, the rocky cairn, and huge barrow and massive walled cathair , but the interest which they invariably excite is only aroused to subside again unsatisfied.
Selected Essays On the plain of Tara, beside the little stream Nemna , itself famous as that which first turned a mill-wheel in Ireland , there lies a barrow, not itself very conspicuous in the midst of others, all named and illustrious in the ancient literature of the country. Ring fort. Slieve Mish, mountains in County Kerry. Ancient stone fort. There are a number of stone forts on the Aran Islands , perhaps the most famous is Dun Aengus, on Inishmore. Selected Essays The mounds of Tara, the great barrows along the shores of the Boyne, the raths of Slieve Mish , Rathcrogan, and Teltown, the stone caiseals of Aran and Innishowen, and those that alone or in smaller groups stud the country over, are all, or nearly all, mentioned in this ancient literature, with the names and traditional histories over whom they were raised.
It is near the well-head. Note: O. Alleged Sequel to Compensation Claim. Conway: Find them out. You must know them. If they have, it is foreign to me. Conway: You need not pretend to be so innocent. As an old member of the council you should know. Market day in the town. Note: Units c - f appear to form a group. Note: See l. Note: Saint Eutropius was a great healer. He knew Scripture completely, especially the Psalms, the wisdom literature and the New Testament; he cites saint Hieronymus Liber de Viris illustribus ; lib.
In Ezechiel ]. Note: Sapiential. He settled upon the second alternative, since an animal, however cruel it might be towards its victim, is doing the work of an animal and does not offend the Almighty. All of a sudden he found himself surrounded by twelve angry wolves. Without being moved he invoked help from the Almighty through the verse Deus in adjutorium meum intende, which he had already repeated frequently in the course of the psalmody. Meanwhile the beasts approached him… their circle tightened… soon they were on him.
Le mystère de Moon Bay - Perdue dans la tempête (Harlequin Black Rose)
They smelled his clothes, but, O marvel, they retreated, defeated by his fearlessness or rather by his superhuman confidence in the aid of the Almighty. This danger had hardly passed when he heard the steps and the voices of the Suevi who were wandering through the woods looking for adventure, but they did not see him at all. Bloody curse to him! Note: S. Azenor or Azenora is a saint worshipped in Brittany. She gave birth to a male child, while floating on the ocean in a barrel. The church S. Near the hamlet of Kerbanalec is an allee couverte. The holy well of Ste.
Azenora the Cornish Sennara , mother of S. Budoc , is supposed to have the peculiarity of filling with milk the breasts of any man who drinks thereof. Mothers nursing their children frequent it. It was decided to ask the Government to appoint a commission to inquire into the postal and telegraphic services in rural areas.