Naomi loses her entire family early in this story. The concluding blessing of the elders Ruth —12 and the women of Bethlehem Ruth —15 weaves the story of Ruth and Naomi into the themes of the messianic seed from Genesis. It concludes with the genealogy that very clearly connects King David with the line of Judges, via Boaz and Ruth Ruth The author is clearly drawing a connection between David and his great-grandparents, but why the second, bigger genealogy?
The short genealogy in Ruth makes the longer one in — 22 technically unnecessary within the framework of the story. See Gen , , , , , , , , , and And, it occurs one other time in the Torah see Numbers Twelve is symbolic of the unified tribes of Israel, and this story points to the future king of Israel who will unify the tribes in one kingdom.
Also, — 22 is a ten-person genealogy and there are only two other ten-person genealogies in the Hebrew Bible, Genesis 5 Adam to Noah and Genesis —26 to Abram. It is an indication that a new age was beginning; as it did with Noah, and then with Abraham, so too it would with King David. It shows how God is weaving his grand story out of the small, seemingly inconsequential stories of everyday people. May the Lord show you kindness, as you have shown kindness to your dead husbands and to me.
Why would you come with me? Am I going to have any more sons, who could become your husbands? Would you remain unmarried for them? No, my daughters.
Ruth and Boaz: A Romance That Models God's Love for Us
Then Orpah kissed her mother-in-law goodbye, but Ruth clung to her. Go back with her. Where you go I will go, and where you stay I will stay. Your people will be my people and your God my God.
May the Lord deal with me, be it ever so severely, if even death separates you and me. Why call me Naomi?
The Hidden Symbolism You Never Saw in the Book of Ruth - Bible Study
The Lord has afflicted [ e ] me; the Almighty has brought misfortune upon me. As it turned out, she was working in a field belonging to Boaz, who was from the clan of Elimelek. Stay here with the women who work for me. I have told the men not to lay a hand on you. And whenever you are thirsty, go and get a drink from the water jars the men have filled. May you be richly rewarded by the Lord , the God of Israel, under whose wings you have come to take refuge.
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Have some bread and dip it in the wine vinegar. When she sat down with the harvesters, he offered her some roasted grain. She ate all she wanted and had some left over. Then she threshed the barley she had gathered, and it amounted to about an ephah.
Application From Ruth For Our Lives Today
Ruth also brought out and gave her what she had left over after she had eaten enough. Where did you work? Blessed be the man who took notice of you!
Then Ruth told her mother-in-law about the one at whose place she had been working. And she lived with her mother-in-law. Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor. Then go and uncover his feet and lie down. He will tell you what to do. Ruth approached quietly, uncovered his feet and lay down. I will do for you all you ask.
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Boaz offered Ruth protection and food. When Ruth asked why she, a foreigner, should receive such kindness, Boaz replied that he had learned of Ruth's faithfulness to her mother-in-law, and he prayed that the God of Israel would bless Ruth for her loyalty. Naomi then contrived to marry Ruth to Boaz by invoking her kinship with him. She sent Ruth to Boaz at night to offer herself to him, but the upright Boaz refused to take advantage of her. Instead, he helped Naomi and Ruth negotiate some rituals of inheritance, after which he married Ruth.
Soon they had a son, Obed, who fathered a son Jesse, who was the father of David, who became king of a unified Israel. The Book of Ruth is the kind of high drama that would have played well in Jewish oral tradition. A faithful family is driven by famine from Judah to the non-Jewish land of Moab. Their sons' names are metaphors for their misery "Mahlon" means "sickness" and "Chilion" means "wasting" in Hebrew. The loyalty that Ruth shows Naomi is richly rewarded, as is her fealty to the one true God of her mother-in-law. Bloodlines are second to faith a hallmark of the Torah , where second sons repeatedly win the birthrights that should pass to their elder brothers.
When Ruth becomes the great-grandmother of Israel's heroic king, David, it means that not only could a foreigner be completely assimilated, but he or she might be God's instrument for some higher good. The placement of Ruth alongside Ezra and Nehemiah is interesting. In at least one aspect, Ruth acts as a rebuke to the others.